New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

COMM 415 1/19 & 1/21 Notes

by: Danielle Cracchiolo

COMM 415 1/19 & 1/21 Notes COMM 415

Danielle Cracchiolo
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Nonverbal Communication

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Nonverbal Communication notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes include everything that was on the slides (remember he only gives us the outlines on D2L) plus any extra comments he made in class that could be useful for the exam
Nonverbal Communication
Chris Segrin
Class Notes




Popular in Nonverbal Communication

Popular in Communication Studies

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Cracchiolo on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 415 at University of Arizona taught by Chris Segrin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Nonverbal Communication in Communication Studies at University of Arizona.

Similar to COMM 415 at UA

Popular in Communication Studies


Reviews for COMM 415 1/19 & 1/21 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/22/16
COMM 415 Nonverbal 1/22/16 6:49 PM 1/19 Categories of NV behavior, distinctions and history: I. Given vs. given off behaviors • Given: purposive and intentional; under control of actor o Talk • Given off: not purposive or intentional; not under control of the sender o Nervous gestures- unaware o Can learn a lot about someone by given off behaviors- not masked II. Aspects of meaning in NV behavior • Intention(encoding): what are people’s intentions when they emit this behavior? • Perception/interpretation (decoding) how do receivers of this behavior interpret it? • Interactive: are there behaviors that have a reliable behavioral effect on others? o Contagious smiling, yawning, adjusting space • Shared encoding-decoding: are there behaviors whose meaning senders are receivers consistently agree on? o Thumbs up: generally accepted one meaning III. Usage of nv comm behaviors • External conditions(context) o Touch- touching hips in a nightclub vs. at work • Relationship to the verbal o Sarcasm- tone of voice • Awareness- are you aware of what you are doing? o Ex: facial expression • Intent- are you doing behavior on purpose? • Feedback- external feedback- feedback from other people o Commenting on facial expressions vs. hand gestures • Type of info conveyed- what does behavior tell us? o 4 types of info conveyed § 1. idiosyncratic: usage and meaning is peculiar to the individual. Hard decode unless you know the person really well- mannerisms § 2. informative: shared encoding and decoding- all agree what they mean. Traffic police- ‘stop’ hand signal, reff- touchdown § 3. Communicative: enacted with clear conscious intention to convey a message- specific intention § 4. Interactive: influence or modify another person’s behavior- invading space= step back. Reciprocated touching in a relationship § **Can be overlaps in these 4 types Origins/Sources of Behavior • Innate neurological mechanisms- born to engage in nonverbal behavior- smile, flinch, • Species constant experiences- response to environment- posture, eat with hands, • Learning and socialization- taught behaviors/symbols- ‘okay’ hand signal Coding of nv behavior • Arbitrary: no intrinsic meaning in behavior; meaning happens by convention • Iconic/metaphoric: preserve SOME aspects of the referent, do not need verbal to be understood- ‘call me’ hand signal, symbolizing hand gun • Intrinsic: the act IS a case of the thing that it is signifying- behavior is case of what it represents 5 categories of NV behavior • 1. emblems- function like words- shaking head= no, ‘stop’ ‘touchdown’ • 2. illustrators- illustrate verbal behavior- hand gestures to show size o words and gestures go hand in hand- need both • 3. adaptors- use to manage our arousal- excited or bored • 4. regulators- manage flow of conversation between people • 5. emotions displays- function to convey emotions Relationship between verbal and nv behavior • Substitute- street cop= use ‘stop’ hand gesture instead of saying it • Compliment- angry face, raised voice, and shaking hand o More intense meaning- whole package • Accent- drawing attention to particular part of message- emphasize/stress certain words- one part • Regulate- 1/21 Gesture • Revival of interest in gesture stems from: o Speculation about origins of language for gestural origin of language Gesture- a movement of the body or any part of body that is considered to be expressive of thought or feeling • Different form practical action- handing someone a pencil, picking up keys- action that serves a particular goal that does not serve communicative purpose Types of gestures: • Emblems- nv behaviors that replace words- defined in 1-2 words, substitute speech, meaning on their own. Nodding head, waving goodbye • Illustrators- gestures ties to language, do NOT replace language. Create visual image of message that allows message to have meaning. “I would like a xmas tree this big” while showing height with hand • Regulators- group of nv gestures to manage flow of conversations. • Adaptors- Behaviors that manage human arousal- under/over= bored/excited o Self-adaptors: contact with self o Object-adaptors: contact with objects 2 Groups of Gestures • object focused gestures (illustrators)= expressivity, outgoing o positive state of mind • body-focus gestures (self-adaptors)= discomfort, nervousness Development of Gesture • Chimps show preference for gesturing with right hand while vocalizing.. humans do too. Left brain controls language and gesture use. • Chimps intentionally alter use of gesture to match attention focus of human partners • Children’s capacity to gesture expands in conjunction with capacity for language use • Parents produce gesture simultaneous with speech when interacting with their infants, encouraging them to decode both simultaneously • 12-18 months: kids show intensive development of gesture decoding skills. Particularly response to pointing Aphasia and Gesture • Broca’s Aphasia severe impairment of speech output o Also interrupts orchestration of gesture • Wernicke’s Aphasia: severe disruption of speech comprehension o Gesture lacks intelligible semantic content Social Aspects of Gesture • People seem to have strong desire to use gesture o Talking on cell phone in car and using gestures even though no one is watching • Gestures aid in communication o They contribute to the redundancy of the uttered message o They enable listener comprehension and speech production of the sender- more fluent and understandable Gestures Aid Listener’s Comprehension • Meta-analysis of 63 studies • Comprehension of speech with vs. without gesture • Average effect size for comprehension of speech with vs. without gesture was d=.61 (medium sized effect) • Effects strongest when: o Gestures depicted motor actions vs. abstract concepts o Are not completely redundant with speech o The listeners are children 1/22/16 6:49 PM 1/22/16 6:49 PM


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.