Psych250, Week 1 Notes
Psych250, Week 1 Notes Psy 250
Popular in Research Methods in Psychology
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyra Ferguson on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 250 at Colorado State University taught by Tori Crain in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology in Psychlogy at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Research Methods Everyone uses research, from academics and medical professionals to policy makers and advertising and marketing. Research methods provide a criteria for valid research and a way of evaluating research against a standard. How do we know what we know? 1) Intuition common sense, judgment, can fail you because of biases 2) Deduction logical reasoning of the past 3) Authority relying on what you hear from a knowledgeable person, even if that person is right 4) Observation relying on what one sees, hears as a way of knowing about the world, more trustworthy Psychology is a science that investigates behaviors, mental processes, and their causes. A psychologist studies behavior through research. The primary rules, or canons, 1) Empiricism gaining knowledge through systematic observation of the world 2) Determinism cause and effect, concept that phenomena occurs naturally and will have a cause 3) Parsimony simplicity is best, easier to falsify 4) Testability must be able to test or falsify an explanation Research can be basic or applied Basic research is designed to answer questions about fundamental processes of behavior Applied research is designed to solve real world problems. In addition to being basic and applied, research can also apply to individuals to a certain degree, called external validity, which is more relevant in applied research than basic. Types of research questions: descriptive and causal (what leads to what). Theories systematic body of ideas that 1) Organize and explain phenomenon 2) generate new knowledge 3) can be modified to account for new data
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