BIO 002: Principles of Biology
BIO 002: Principles of Biology BIOL 002
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emilly LaFleur on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 002 at University of Vermont taught by John J. Mitchell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 140 views. For similar materials see Principles of Biology in Biological Sciences at University of Vermont.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
BIO 002 January 22, 2016 Lecture 1 Science 1) Abody of established knowledge on a given subject 2) Away of thinking or method used to accumulate and test that knowledge The province of science is the physical or natural world Some consider science to be a complement to other human characteristics/endeavors such as aesthetics and ethics in determining our relationship to the world Scientific Method 1) Interest/gather data, verify this data 2) Ask a question, or formulate a hypothesis (if/then) 3) Test a) gather more data b) create an experiment The ‘Controlled’Experiment 2 groups - an experimental and a control group ex) 1000 people in group 1, 1000 people in group 2 Scientists conducting controlled experiments try to match up people as best they can. For example, 500 males in group 1, 500 males will also be in group 2 Experiment: Group 1 receives the drug, Group 2 receives a placebo * placebo effect - psychological Ideal experiments are double blind, meaning both the patient and the physician distributing the medication is blind to whether the pill is the treatment or a placebo. Experimental treatment vs. Control group placebo c) Natural Experiment *when unethical to perform an experiment ex)AIDS *used when it is impossible to perform said experiment 4)Accept, Reject, or Modify your hypothesis a) send to a journal > peer-reviewed by a board of specialists 5) Hypothesis 1,2,3 -> connect a few hypotheses that have been accepted as fact and produce a theory. 6) Theory made! 7) Theory is then tested until accepted or thrown out. *theories can be accepted for centuries/generations, and then later disproved.
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