ENTO 2010 Week 2 Lecture Notes
ENTO 2010 Week 2 Lecture Notes ENTO 2010
Popular in Insects & the Environment
Popular in Entomology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Conner on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENTO 2010 at University of Georgia taught by Espelie in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Insects & the Environment in Entomology at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
Ento 2010 Week 2 Notes January 18, 2016 o Martin Luther King Jr. Day January 20, 2016 o Silent Spring was dedicated to Albert Schweitzer : “Man has lost the capacity to foresee and forestall. He will end by destroying the Earth.” o Entomologists: Before 1950, were “figures of fun” After 1950, worked for chemical companies started to see “side effects” evaluated “degrees of badness” UGA & Velsicol made Goodbye Mrs. Ant “without DDT, insects would inherit the Earth” o Ethical issues for entomologists: Should UGA entomologists work for chemical companies? May not get money if s/he gets “wrong” result Can entomologists assess pesticide damage to the environment? o Silent Spring by Rachel Carson Bill of Rights should protect us Powerful pesticide industry fought her Government withheld information Frequent cover-up of wildlife damage Most insects controlled by other insects “you can’t eradicate an insect with a chemical” Dieldrin (pesticide more toxic than DDT) of fire ants in Georgia Everything had died: “no effect” Toxic chemicals available in grocery stores o Rachel Carson- lived during the Great Depression 1932- Masters in Marine Biology at John’s Hopkins-age 25 1936- U.S. Bureau of Fisheries -age 29 asked to be a writer 1962- Silent Spring published died of cancer o Silent Spring One of the most important books ever published Impact due to Carson’s eloquence January 22, 2016 o “Those who contemplate the beauty of the Earth find reserves of strength that will endure as long as life lasts,” – Rachel Carson o 1964: Ruth Harrison wrote Animal Machines foreword by Rachel Carson o Silent Spring Carson wrote with “emotionality” Velsicol tried to stop publication JFK & Udall became “aware” Becomes best seller Industry: “Silent Spring is full of errors” Jukes: “No pesticide residues in food” o Silent Spring sales soared Within 1 year: pesticide bills introduced in 40 states CBS TV interview Opposition: Dr. Robert White-Stevens What is “The Balance of Nature”? U.S. Senate hearing o “The modern scientist believes that man is steadily controlling nature.” – Robert White-Stevens o “The balance of nature is built of a series of interrelationships between living things & between living things and their environment.” –Rachel Carson o Victor Yannacone of the Environmental Defense Fund led fight against DDT use. Hearings held in Wisconsin 1968-1969: If DDT is so bad, why doesn’t it make people sick? Turning point: DDT is present in Human Breast Milk! DDT use was banned o 1962: Silent Spring was published o 1970: Environmental Protection Agency established o 1972: DDT banned by EPA o Silent Spring Carson did not want to ban pesticides Carson was a revolutionary She made us aware of the environment
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