The Sociological Perspective: Week 2 Notes
The Sociological Perspective: Week 2 Notes SOC 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zoie Motycka on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Ball State University taught by Fang Gong in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
The Sociological Perspective Which groups of people have higher suicide rates? -unmarried -men -elderly -Indiana (more than CA). Textbook p.187-192 (more info about suicide) 1 sociologist: Emile Durkheim French; 1857-1917 Studied suicide rates in 1890s by looking at social causes His normative theory showed why people commit suicide (because of social forces like social regulation & integration) Suicide is not an individual-based problem Social integration: how well one is integrated into social group or community; social interaction Social regulation: number of rules guiding one’s daily life; social norms Types of Suicide Altruistic: occurs as result of too much social integration Examples: Japanese ritual suicide; Kamakaze pilots during WWII; mass suicide in cults (Jonestown) Egoistic: occurs as result of not enough social integration Examples: unmarried, men & elderly Anomic: occurs as result of too little social regulation Example: after stock market crash in 1929 Fatalistic: occurs as result of too much social regulation Examples: prisoners, slaves & North Koreans How do different social groups vary in suicide rates? Christmas? Rockstar vs. average person? During economic repression? Religious countries vs. non-religious ones? (answer: different social situations affect suicide rates) Sociology: study of human society Auguste Comte was French thinker; coined term “sociology” in 1838 Characteristics of Sociology -study of individuals as members of a group/groups -systematic vs. random (group vs. individual) -study of individual outcomes as consequences of greater social forces -micro-level interactions Sociological imagination: ability of people to see individual behavior in larger context Sociologists have ability to connect most basic intimate aspects of individual’s life to seemingly impersonal & remote historical forces (connection between personal issues & social forces) C. Wright Mills; coined term “sociological imagination” 1916-1962; American Why do some people get good jobs? (sociological reasons) -social connections -class -education -race -gender Why do some students have high GPAs? Why do some people become pianists? Why do some people become serial killers? Is there a gender gap in earnings? In sleep disruption? Is there a relationship between height of male & marriage? What Do Sociologists Study? Social structure: stable patterns of social relations Levels of Social Structure Microstructure: pattern of intimate social relations Examples: family members, friends, couples, lovers & coworkers Macrostructure: pattern of social relations outside your circle of intimates & acquaintances Examples: different races, social classes & genders Global structure: international organizations, worldwide travel & communication; economic relations between countries Examples: international organizations, cross-national comparisons
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