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PSY 320 Chapters 1 & 2 Notes

by: Elliana

PSY 320 Chapters 1 & 2 Notes PSY 320

Marketplace > University of Miami > Psychlogy > PSY 320 > PSY 320 Chapters 1 2 Notes
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About this Document

Combined textbook & class notes covering everything from chapter 1 & 2
Drugs & Behavior
Dr. Marc Gellman
Class Notes
Psychology, psych, PSY 320, Drugs, Drugs and Behavior, Psychology of Drugs, PSY320
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elliana on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 320 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Marc Gellman in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 149 views. For similar materials see Drugs & Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Miami.


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Date Created: 01/23/16
PSY 320 Drugs & Behavior Chapters 1 & 2 Overview, Terms, & History Drug - Any substance, natural or ar▯ficial, other than food, that by its chemical nature alters structure or func▯on in the living organism Illicit Drug - Drug that is unlawful to possess or use Deviant Drug Use - Drug use that is not common within a social group & that is disapproved of by the majority, resul▯ng in correc▯ve consequences Drug Misuse - Use of prescribed drugs in greater amounts than, or for purposes other than, those prescribed by a physician Abuse - Use of a substance in a manner, amounts, or situa▯ons such that the drug use causes problems or greatly increases the chances of problems occurring (social, occupa▯onal, legal, psychological, physical) Addic▯on - When ppl have struggled to control their use & have suffered serious nega▯ve consequences from such use Dependence - Drug use is so frequent & consistent that it appears difficult for the individual to func▯on without the drug • More precise term than addic▯on • A state in which an individual uses a drug so frequently or consistently that it would be difficult for the person to stop • May or may not be physiological • Defined as a behavioral disorder ◦ Three basic processes that may occur with repeated drug use: • Tolerance - Occurrence of a withdrawal syndrome • Physical dependence - Body has adapted to presence of the drug • Psychological dependence - Drug-taking reinforced by consequences Antecedents - Characteris▯cs that predict later ini▯a▯on of drug use Tolerance R - peated exposure to the same dose of a drug results in a lesser effect Physical Dependence - Withdrawals Psychological Dependence -C ravings DSM 5 Substance Use Disorders - A problema▯c pa▯ern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by at least 2 of 11 possible symptoms, occurring within 1 year • Diagnosis is complex: ◦ 9 of the possible symptoms are behavioral ◦ 2 of the possible symptoms are physiological ◦ *Physiological symptoms do not need to be present to receive the diagnosis • Severity of the disorder Drug Induced Toxicity (4 types) Acute: • Behavioral / Intoxica▯on impairing behavior & causing danger • Physiological / Overdose that causes the user to stop breathing Chronic • Behavioral / Personality changes / Deleterious lifestyle changes / Strain on interpersonal rela▯onships • Physiological / Disease & bodily damage Class/General Principles of Drug Use 1 PSY 320 Drugs & Behavior • Use is not abuse ◦ Most users of any given substance do not use it in ways that can be defined as abuse or dependence • Use may stem from: boredom, curiosity, modeling, peer pressure, coping with nega▯ve affect, propaganda, etc. • Every drug has mul▯ple effects ◦ Although a user might seek only one effect, drugs work at mul▯ple sites in the brain & other organs • Amount ma▯ers ◦ Larger doses, more frequent doses, or faster onset of effects can produce different effects compared to small doses • User's history & expecta▯ons affect drug-related effects ◦ Experienced users may experience different effects compared to an inexperienced user ◦ Expecta▯ons may make a drug effect more or less likely to occur • Drugs are not good or bad ◦ Drugs are chemicals on a shelf that are inac▯ve un▯l they enter the body ◦ Blaming the substance ignores all the factors that may lead to abuse History • Drugs have been used for: ◦ Enhancing spiritual experiences ◦ Major economic roles ◦ Treatment for illnesses • Developments in the past century ◦ Rise of legal pharmaceu▯cals for a variety of purposes • Vaccines, birth control, mental health treatments ◦ Rise of "The War on Drugs" DAWN • Drug Abuse Warning Network • System for collec▯ng data on drug-related ER visits ◦ Illicit drugs & misuse of legal prescrip▯on & OTC drugs • Does not determine whether drugs caused the visit, just if they were in the pa▯ent's system 2


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