WEEK 1 NOTES
WEEK 1 NOTES HIST 2112 B
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashika Ganesh on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2112 B at Georgia Institute of Technology taught by hild in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see United States since 1877 in History at Georgia Institute of Technology.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
Reconstruction 1865 - 1877 Northern goals of reconstruction o Preservation of the union o Emancipation (end of slavery): assured by the ratification of the 13 amendment, Dec 1865 Aftermath of the Civil War for white southerners o Loss of a white male generation More men killed on union side o Economic loss represented by emancipation ($4 billion) o Myth of the lost cause Didn’t lose because they were wrong Lost because north had more men and more industrial might than south Old south is white Reconstruction goals of southern African americans o Supported the union o Freedom from white control and supervision o Land ownership Freedom’s Bureau (1865 – 1872) Created by congress Goal was to help African americans require land o Black churches and schools Slave states passed laws to make it legal for education Black schools – jim crow Segregated schools were as much as black choice as white Adults also went to school 1000 schools in 7 years National issues of reconstruction o Status of former slaves Voting rights? Full citizenship rights? Competing reconstruction plans Lincoln’s ten percent plan (1863) Wade-Davis bill Assassination of Lincoln o Murdered in Washington DC on 4/14 VIP Andrew Johnson became president Reconstruction under Johnson o Ex confederate thates were readmitted when they ratified the 13 amendment o Black coats Civil rights act of 1866 o Passed by congress over Johnsons veto o Granted citizenship to anyone born in the USA Johnson questioned the act’s constitutionality Race riots in Memphis and new Orleans o Burning down freedmans school house Military reconstruction act of 1867 President Johnson v congress o Congress passed the tenure of office act Law states that the president could not remove members of his cabinet without the senate approval Impeachment of pres Johnson o Johnsons was impeached by the house of reps o But he was acquitted by one vote in the senate Fourteenth amendment o Grants full citizenship rights to anyone born in the USA or anyone naturalized as a US citizen First KKK o Formed in Pulaski, TN o Spread across the south and terrorized blacks and white republicans o Political cartoon o White man terrorized black population 2 Fifteenth amendment o The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Enforcement acts of 1870 – 71 o Series of federal laws that made KKK activity a federal crime Colfax Massacre o Easter Sunday o A white mob attacked and killed black republican leader and office holders, killing many others in the process Panic of 1873 o Financial collapse led by the RR and banking sectors; triggered a six year economic depression 3
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