Week 2 Notes AHS 102 Spring 2016 Ball State
Week 2 Notes AHS 102 Spring 2016 Ball State AHS 102
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
AHS 102 Dr. Natilie Phillips Spring 2016, MWF [1/18 – 1/22 ] NOTE: didn’t meet Monday – MLKJ day; and all pictures of works discussed will be provided by Dr. Phillips prior to the exam to study. Late Gothic Art, Wed 1/20 Discussing 1 work to know: Florence Cathedral by Arnolfo di Cambio, Late Gothic, 14 cent (13001400) The dome and baptistery were later additions Gothic Features o Details on the façade (made of stone, but it looks as delicate as a spider web) o Has an ambulatory o Rose windows Classical features o Starting to become more geometric (even though it is ornate) o Decorative Roman (rounded) arches on the exterior of the building o Vertical lines (like columns) capped by a pediment o Interior starting to look more plain o Sides of the building no flying buttresses Late Gothic Sculpture Comparing examples of Gothic and Classical Sculpture: Gothic: Kings and Queens from Chartres The Spear Bearer Cathedral by Polykleitos Elongated figures “Ideal” figure, yet realistic Not realistic or athletic looking Contrapposto No body revealed through clothing Intheround Look like the columns – attached to Body able to be seen (no clothing) them (relief) nd 2 work to know: th The Visitation, Reims Cathedral, Late Gothic, 4 cent (13001400) Added postconstruction to Reims Gothic Influence o Decorative tops of columns Classical Influence o Detailed faces on statues o Realistic drapery (Roman toga) o Controposto/Gothic Sway Late Gothic Painting Review of Gothic Painting Example: Madonna Enthroned by Cimabue Flat Lots of gold No expressions on the face Baby (Christchild) looks like a shrunken 30 yr old; also doing a blessing gesture with hand – impossible for baby to do Formal relationship between mother and child Elongated fingersj “Sunburst drapery” = drapery looks like one would draw the rays of the sun (as a child) Stacked perspective (illusion of figures receding into space by placing one behind the other vertically Review of Classical Painting Example: Roman frescos from Pompeii “correct” linear perspective (they didn’t know the rules, but were fairly successful by depicting perspective intuitively). Realism Late Gothic Painting Example: Madonna Enthroned by Giotto Roman linear perspective Realism – Christ child looks more babylike; Mary has a more 3 dimensional look to her No vertically stacked perspective with the figures surrounding the throne Space – can see behind the figures No sunburst drapery Friday 1/22 3 work to know: The Arena Chapel by Giotto, Late Gothic, 14 cent (13001400) Outside is plain Inside walls covered with Giotto paintings o Side note: Giotto’s art was so famous he was like a namebrand Background story (must know both names for exam!) o The patron was Enrico Scrovegni o His father, Reginaldo Scrovegni was widely known as a wicked man and a usary (loan shark) o Enrico used all of the money he inherited from Reginaldo to sponsor the construction of the Arena Chapel in penance for his father’s sins (in that time the sins of the father were seen as the sins of the son as well). Paintings in the Chapel The Seven Virtues o Grisaille = gray tone; meant to look like sculpture The Seven Deadly Sins 4 work to know: The Lamentation by Giotto, located at the Arena Chapel, Late Gothic, 14 cent People to know in the painting: o Joseph of Arimathea o Mary Magdalene o Mary (Mother of Jesus) Techniques o Chiaroscuro: the illusion of 3D forms using strong lights and darks o Foreshortening: one part of the body is “closer” to the viewer than another (angels) o Strong emotion on the faces (melodrama) o Opening between the people with backs faced to the viewer so it feels like you could walk up right up to the dead body of Christ – meant to draw viewer into the emotion of the scene *Will continue next time with 5 work to know from the Arena Chapel
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