New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Political Science 41A Intro to International Relations Week Three Notes

by: Joyce Nguy

Political Science 41A Intro to International Relations Week Three Notes Pol Sci 41A

Marketplace > University of California - Irvine > Political Science > Pol Sci 41A > Political Science 41A Intro to International Relations Week Three Notes
Joyce Nguy
GPA 3.82

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Happy studying!
Class Notes
25 ?





Popular in Political Science

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joyce Nguy on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pol Sci 41A at University of California - Irvine taught by HARDT, H in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see INTRO INTL RELATNS in Political Science at University of California - Irvine.


Reviews for Political Science 41A Intro to International Relations Week Three Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/23/16
1/19/16    PS 41A   Week Three  Global Actors and Sovereignty     1. student services 2 room 110 ( STUDY ABROAD )  2. clarifying the “state”   a. we know…  i. it is the most important actor in the modern international system   ii. the concept of state is central to all relationships in global politics   iii. foreign policy is the process by which the system of states interacts   1. tries to influence behavior of other states  b. be able to define… and give examples  i. government   1. a form of bureaucracy, that is determining how collective goods or  bads in a given territory    2. security, national security ­ companies don’t do that, but  governments do. Immigration, anti­terrorism,   ii. nation  1.  a group of people that share an identity ­ JUST TALKING ABOUT  THE PEOPLE   2. may or may not have a legally defined territory   3. Ex: Taiwan is a disputed nation ­ some identify themselves as  ethnically Chinese  iii. state  1. four characteristics   a. sovereignty ­ autonomy, makes reference to the monopoly  over the use of force, recognition   b. population   c. government   d. territory ­ distinction between state and nation. territory not  disputed in the state  iv. nation­state  1. territory where people have a shared common identity   3. sovereignty and the state system   a. recall 1648 westphalian system   b. how has globalization affected the state system?   i. not acceptable to go and colonize other countries ­ states are obligated to  respect the sovereignty of other states  ii. controlling their borders ­ easier to connect supply and demand (drug  trafficking)   iii. non­traditional security threats ­ human trafficking   iv. it’s harder for states to maintain an “american” identity ­ idea of identity  changes when you’re able to move across borders   v. proliferation of NGOS   c. what about nationalism?   i. it’s harder for states to maintain an “american” identity ­ idea of identity  changes when you’re able to move across borders   ii.   d. non­traditional vs traditional security threat   i. traditional security ­ threat that is being posed by another state  1. ex: Iran, poses threat by nuclear weapon development   ii. non­traditional   1. not the state itself posing that threat  a. human trafficking   b. organized crime  4. states and foreign policy   a. foreign policy ­ articulation of national interests and the means chosen to secure  those interests  i. implementing   b. so...what is a “national interest”  i. the _material interest (tangible, promoting trade, financial, energy, oil)__  and _ideational (derived from idea,intangible, promoting of values like  democracy, human rights, liberty, capitalism, privatization)__ goals of  nation­state  ii. and result of Putnam’s two­level game   1. there’s an international level and domestic level.   2. has to balance for the interest of the american people (domestic)  while simultaneously balancing the interests of the whole world  (international level)      1/21/16    Lecture 2    1. liberalism   a. human nature? maybe humans are able to change  b. state sovereignty ­ states are main actors  c. cooperation among states­ cooperation among states is possible  d. fueled by enlightenment, 15th century trade   2. liberalism in action   a. liberal state has  i. human rights  ii. parliamentary democracy  iii. free market economy (capitalism)   b. in relations with other states, liberal internationalism means…  i. states are supportive of joining international institutions   ii. free trade ­ export and import of goods and services ­ minimize barriers.   1. if we trade a lot, (interdependence on other economies), doing so  increases our chances of having sustainable peaceful relations   3. leading critical theories  a. marxism   i. view that social, political, and economic world should be analyzed a ​ s a  whole   1. critical theory:   a. explained how world developed while critiquing its  defects   b. IR cannot be understood without thinking about that social  context   ii. goal   1. classless and stateless society   iii. capitalism is  1. system of production for sale on a market for profit on the basis of  the individual   2. because of this class structure, there are those who own and are  the workers, certain individuals are for sale and the entire system  is set up to be constantly extracting profit   iv. communist manifesto (1848)   1. “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class  struggles”   2. Mao, Russia ­ follow the GOAL for the workers to have a  revolution and to rise up   b. the essential marxism   i. economic development is the motor of history   1. technological advancements changes previous relations in  production ­ industrial revolution   2. marx expected this transformation in advanced industrial societies  a. that this would dominate   ii. the key role of class in marxist analysis   1. proletariat vs bourgeoisie   2. workers vs owners of means of production   iii. effects of globalization?   1. global..  iv. prescription?  c. constructivism   i. the actions and words of people make society/state   ii. society, in turn, shapes our actions and words and creates … rules  1. rules ex: respect each other’s soveriegnty   iii. the state is really the product of the actions and rules of people that they  follow  iv. intersubjective ­ looking social relations within the global community   v. critiques the emphasis of the state   vi. what really matters is social context ­ actions and words of people make  society   vii. ex: embassy ­ there’s no rule that the state has to have embassies.  unspoken rule.   viii. behavior is shaped by social context   ix. less emphasis on state, more emphasis on the individual   1. state itself is a social construction   x. state’s power within a system based on 2 factors   1. material factors   a. control of resources   2. discursive power  a. power based on knowledge and the control of language  and ideas within a society   b. to use language (discourse) to send out a message   3. anarchy is what states make of it   a. totally different than realists and liberalists ­ absence of  rules  b. constructivists say there ARE rules, it’s just​  socially  constructed   i. obama’s anarchy is different than bush’s anarchy  because it’s based on the context of the state and  state leaders   xi. meanings of key terms are fixed through politics   1. one person’s terrorist is the other person’s freedom fighter  xii. once these meanings are fixed they have consequences for the ability of  people to determine their fates   1. if you choose not to call it a genocide, you are not legally obligated  to intervene   2. waterboarding ­ is it torture? because if it is, US is engaged in  torture. we signed international agreements that we weren’t going  to torture people  3. words itself hold power  xiii. constructivists have offered two additions to this view of power:   1. ideational or discursive   2. your​  way of thinking is “the norm”  d. constructivism and change   i. actors try to change norms that shape:   1. state identity   2. state interests   ii. how do constructivists explain world order?  4. feminist IR theory   a. “gender” ­ social construction of the difference between “men” and “women”   b. explain: gender v. sex   i. sex ­ biologically how you are born, gender is socially constructed­ you  decide what gender you are    1. gender affects world politics and   2. world politics affect gender   c. varieties of feminist theories   liberal, socialist/marxist, standpoint, postmodern, postcolonial        


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.