Anth 110, Week 2 Lecture Notes
Anth 110, Week 2 Lecture Notes ANTH 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 110 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Kellen Gilbert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Physical Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
Introduction to Physical Anthropology SELU ANTH 110 Week Two Lecture Notes Our Leg Bones The first three bones we will learn are the femur, tibia, and fibula. See textbook Pg. 518 for reference. The femur is the largest and heaviest human bone. The ball joint connects to the hip and allows for a wide range of movement. The shaft of the bone is triangular if viewed from a cross section. The tibia is the 2 largest human bone and also triangular. The base of the tibia forms the inner ankle. The fibula is positioned by the tibia and much thinner, protected by muscle. The base forms the inner ankle. Monday’s lecture will cover the patella and arm bones. What is Anthropology? Anthropology is a social science that means “the study of man.” It has a holistic approach towards its study. It is qualitative, descriptive, direct, and crosscultural. Anthropology includes field research conducted in the local language, meaning anthropologists must know the language or have a translator. Anthropologists study handson from a first person perspective (called participant observation). Anthropology Has Four Sub Disciplines Cultural Linguistic Archaeology Physical; this includes paleo, osteology, pathology, forensics, and primatology Creation and Evolution Ethnography is a detailed description of a culture Creation stories vary. Each culture views them as sacred. They are explanatory, but from the view of faith. Anthropology focuses on empirical evidence but does not discount creation stories. Beginning in the 1500s there was a huge increase in interest in natural science Archbishop James Usher was the first to try and date the age of the Earth. Using the Bible, he estimated the Earth to be about 6,000 years old. Galileo suggested that the solar system was not based around the Earth, but actually the sun (heresy at the time) Linnaeus founded the genus + species naming system. It wasn’t objective – based more on views enforced from the Bible – but it was a start. Comte Buffon believed that the Garden of Eden had been located in what is now Paris. He viewed those closest to Paris as the most evolved of the species. The further away from Paris you were, the less evolved you were.
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