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Chapter 1

by: Adriana Dominguez
Adriana Dominguez
GPA 2.0
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About this Document

Chapter one involving Political Theory and Political Beliefs
Political Science
Singh, Abha
Class Notes
political science




Popular in Political Science

Popular in Political Science

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adriana Dominguez on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 2301 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Singh, Abha in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Political Science in Political Science at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 01/23/16
Politics and Knowledge – Chapter1 >Toward a definition of Politics 1. Politics is the competition among individuals and groups pursuing their own interest 2. Politics is the exercise of power and influence to allocate things that are valued 3. Politics is the determination of who gets what, when, and how (most important definition of politics) 4. Overall, politics is the process through which power and influence are used in the promotion of certain values and interest What makes politics so >On political Knowledge Every individuals understanding of politics is composed of three general types of knowledge; -Description: political facts -Explanation: how and why politics occur as it does -Prescription:  Solutions are all different for everyone o Normative Political Knowledge: (should is keyword) your value judgements o empirical Political Knowledge (is) is keyword)  Authority o Specific authority sources: parents, teachers, you can specify o General authority sources: written document, bible, constitution, not geared to one person but trying to influence o "Everyone" as authority: peers, friends, coworkers, absorbs opinions of others and makes an influenced opinion based on these opinions o Problems with Authority as a source of knowledge: parents and teachers may try to influence you but not have the right knowledge or be biased on the facts, statements, own knowledge  Personal thought o Rationality: you use your own logic; it sounds right so it must be true o Intuition: your gut feeling o Personal experience: based on what has happened to you or to fellow friends as to being the same things o Problems with personal thought as a source of knowledge: whatever makes sense to you, won’t make sense to others  Science o Science is empirical in that it concerned with phenomena that can be observed, or at least measured o Science entails a search for regularities in the relationship among phenomena o Science is cumulative in nature; a knowledge based on the established o The method of science is testable: Provides advantages over authority and rationality as knowledge sources  Politics: the process through which power and influence are used in the promotion of certain values and interest  Political Science: a set of techniques, concepts, and approaches. the objective is to clarify and accuracy of our political world  Doing Comparative Analysis: emphasizes utilizing comparative thinking enhance our understanding of politics  Political science and Political knowledge: it utilize strong application of the four elements set out by Khun  Thomas Khun; any science needs four characteristics 1. Central Concepts which identify and name crucial phenomena 2. Theories which are sets of systematically related generalizations that provide explanations and predictions about the linkage between certain concepts 3. Rules of interpretation which indicate the methods that will establish whether the explanations and predictions posted by the theory are right or wrong 4. A list of questions or issues that are worth solving within the rea of inquiry  Subfield of Politics:  Comparative Politics  American Politics  International Relations  Political Theory  Boundary-Spanning Hybrids:  Anthropology  Political economy  Political psychology  Political sociology  Biology


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