Week One Notes
Week One Notes HIST 1311 - 002
Popular in U.S. History to 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Jones on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311 - 002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kristan Nicole Foust in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
JAN. 22, 2016 U.S. HISTORY: LECTURE NOTES Environmental Determinism- The theory that the environment is the determining factor of the course of history. -The environment can determine what recourses are available to the people and what they will have to trade for. -Those who control the resources have the power. - Environment also determines how easy or hard it is to settle and move across land. Reasons why Environmental Determinism isn’t 100% -Humans are adaptable both physically and mentally. Ex. Inca’s had adapted to mountain living by gaining an increased blood capacity and larger heart and lungs. -Humans have the ability of free will Overall environment plays a huge role in US history but will not be everything. PANGEA - About 4.5 years ago all of the continents were one giant land mass called Pangea, then the continents drifted apart to what we know today. - Native Americans came to what is knownas North America today on the Bering Land Bridge. Native Americans - They were the indigenous people of North America - 90% of them were killed when Europeans settled from war and disease - They hunted horses, camels, oxen,and woolly mammoths into extinction in North America. These large animals could’ve been used for transportation and help farm. - Many of Americans today have some Native American ancestry - Many words we use today originated from them. Ex. Hickory, moose, pecan, iguanas, ect. What came from the Pack Animals (horse, mammoth, camel, and oxen) becoming extinct? - New farming techniques were developed - Learned to farm potatoes and corn/maze - Less disease from animals such as swine flu or cow pox. - More small animals to feed families - They had to do more hunting - No wheel technology was developed by Native Americans NEW WORLD GEOGRAPHY - Very Flat - Green - Easy to Travel - Only two major mountain areas - Fertile Land - Rivers: used for transportation, irrigation, and industry purposes - Tropical Weather: heat is important in disease control. This is also good for crops that require non-freezing temperatures year round. - Lack of extractable mineral resources What primary sources do we have for Native Americans? Archaeology - Bones - Structures - Trash and dung Anthropology - Oral histories (stories told from generation to generation) - In the 1930’s there were interviews of Native Americans done on their culture. But the data can be skewed because they weren’t actual eye-witnesses of the historical events European Documents - Newspapers - Letters - These sources may have a skewed perspective because they could’ve been used for selling, entertainment, or missionizing. - Sources may have the “European lenses” meaning they only focus on the differences between them and the Native Americans and none of the similarities. CLASS NOTES *1stPrimary source assignment was given, so if you missed class make sure to get one in the next class before it is due next Friday. *All lecture PowerPoints and outlines will be on blackboard and will go along with my notes * Next Class we will be going into the Agricultural Revolution. I HOPE YOU ENJOYED MY NOTES AND FOUND THEM HELPFUL! HAPPY STUDYING AND MAY THE CURVE BE EVER IN YOUR FAVOR!
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