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by: AnthonyA

Week1Notes.pdf Kin 247

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About this Document

KIN247 January 20 and 22 notes
Physical Activity/Health and Disease
Sarah Witkowski
Class Notes
Kinesiology 247




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by AnthonyA on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Kin 247 at University of Massachusetts taught by Sarah Witkowski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Physical Activity/Health and Disease in Kinesiology at University of Massachusetts.

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Date Created: 01/23/16
Week  1  Notes   1.20.16   • Cardiovascular  Disease  is  the  #1  cause  of  death  in  the  U.S.     • Some  indicators  of  ideal  cardiovascular  health?   o On  Slides   § Smoking   § BMI   § Physical  Activity   § Healthy  Diet  Score   § Total  Cholesterol   § Normal  Blood  Pressure   § Fasting  Plasma  Glucose   o Said  in  Class   § Resting  Heart  Rate   § Low  Body  Fat/Healthy  Composition   § Capillaries   § Stroke  Volume   § Blood  Lipid  Profile   • Physical  Activity  –  body  movement  produced  by  the  contraction  of  skeletal   muscle  that  increases  energy  expenditure  above  a  basal  level   o Behavior   o Includes  everything  except  being  completely  sedentary  and  still   o Categorized  according  to  Mode,  Intensity,  and  Purpose   o Examples:   § Walking   § Household  tasks   § Lifting  boxes  at  work       • Exercise   o Behavior   o Planned     o Structured   o Repetitive   o Type  of  Physical  Activity   1.22.16   Disease  and  Health   • Disease  –  abnormal,  reduced,  or  lost  structure  or  function  of  cells,  organs,  or   systems  of  the  body   o Can  be  defined  according  to  cause  or  symptom   • Health  –  opposite  or  absence  of  disease;  state  of  mental,  physical,  and  social   well-­‐being   o Not  only  the  absence  of  disease  or  illness     Non-­‐Communicable  Diseases  (NCD)   • Diseases  not  transmitted  by  contact  with  people   • Post-­‐WWII  shift  in  public  health  to  focus  on  NCD’s   • 56  million  deaths  in  2012   • 68%  due  to  NCD’s   o World  Health  Org  (WHO)  stats     Chronic  Disease   1. Develops  over  time   2. Treatments  may  resolve  signs  and  symptoms   3. Pathophysiology  may  nit  go  away   4. Susceptibility  to  pathophysiology  is  always  present           • 4  main  NCD’s   1. Cardiovascular   2. Cancer     3. Pulmonary  Disease   4. Diabetes   • 4  behaviors  underlie  each  of  these  diseases   1. Smoking   2. Nutrition   3. Physical  Inactivity   4. Excessive  alcohol   • NCD’s  lead  to  33%  of  premature  deaths  worldwide   o 70%  (7  out  of  10  people)  deaths  per  year  in  U.S.  from  NCD’s     • Mortality   o Deaths   o A  mortality  rate  is  Deaths  divided  by  Total  Population  of  Interest   • Morbidity  –  State  of  being  diseased  or  unhealthy   o Rate  if  Incidents  of  Ill  Health  divided  by  Total  Population  of  Interest   o Can  have  multiple  co-­‐morbidities   § Cardiovascular  disease  and  obesity     How  to  assess  disease?   • CDC’s  mission  to  figure  out  how  to  protect  a  community’s  health  using   expertise,  info,  and  tools   • Physical  activity  to  anthrax             CDC   • Wide  variety  of  surveillance  research   • Track  levels  of  disease  over  time   • Relevant  to  physical  activity   o Track  U.S.  population  levels  of  disease,  mortality,  and  risk  factors   o Monitors  behaviors  of  people  in  USA  (including  physical  activity)     Epidemiology   • Study  of  patterns,  relationships,  risk  factors,  and  effects  of  health  and  disease   conditions  defined  on  populations   • Risk:  associated  with  an  increased  risk  of  disease   o i.e.  Physical  Activity  and  risk  for  disease     Risk  Factor   • Term  coined  when  risk  factors  were  being  discovered  for  heart  disease   o Framingham  Heart  Study   • Example   o Osteoporosis   o Diabetes   o Breast  Cancer     Risk  Factors  and  Disease  Progression     All  Risk                          >1                                                >1  Risk                  1  Major                    >2  Major              Disease                                                                                             Factors                          Factor  Not                  Factor                      Risk                              Risk   Optimal                        Optimal                            Elevated              Factor                      Factors   (Disease  prevention  important                                          à                                                  Treatment)      


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