HST 103, Week 2 Notes
HST 103, Week 2 Notes HST 103
Popular in World History to 1600
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allyssa Johnson on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 103 at Missouri State University taught by Dr. Julia Troche in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 136 views. For similar materials see World History to 1600 in History at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
HST 103: World History to 1600 Spring SEMESTER 2016 INSTRUCTOR: DR. Julia Troche JuliaTroche@missouristate.edu 25 January 2016 Phoenician Alphabet Primary Source: Author/Audience?Context/Modern/Historical/Use/WhoCares? Why does it matter? The Geographic Settings of Mesopotamia *Key Word “Steppe” Sumerian Period (c.5500-2350 BCE) Ubaid (c.5500-4000 BCE) Uruk (c.4000-2900 BCE) Early Dynastic (c.2900-2350) The Ubaid Period (c.5500-4000 BCE) ● Irrigation Farming ● Division of Labor ● Trade, luxury good (lapus lazuli) Temple is the center of the city Anu (Sky God/Father) Enki->Eridu EnInama->Uruk 1 *Key word “Wedged-shaped (started with clay tokens) The Early Dynastic ● Rise of Kingship - The palace eventually rose decisively above the temple both in wealth and influence, and the kings gained control over temples The Sumerian King List - Some historical and some mythical - Names listed by dynasty - Info unreliable - Purpose to show that Sumer had always been united by a king “Era of Conflict” ● Local rulers sought control over other city-states and the whole reign ● Enmebaragesi of kish (c.2700 BCE) - Battled Elam and establishes Nippu as a Holy City - The king lists assets that Enmebaragesi “carried away a spoil the weapons of Elam. “Perhaps he actually extended his domain eastward beyond Sumer to include this neighboring kingdom 27 January 2016 Gilgamesh and Dominion of Uruk - Uruk and UR battle with Kish for dominance - The ruler of Uruk at this time was the semi-legendary Gilgamesh Ziggurat (Temple at UR) “Society” - Three division - Royal.commoner,slave The Akkadian empire (c.2350-2160 BCE) ● Sargon of Akkad - Capitol founded at Akkad (Agade) - Founded semitic dynasty;lasted three generations 2 - Put into place ‘imperial’ measures: direct control of people/gods Semitic Language: Akkadian/Hebrew/Arabic Reign of Naram-sin (ca. 2250 BCE) ● Successor and grandson of Sargon ● Ruled as God of Akkad (~divine right to rule) ● Stele of Naram-sin 30 January 2016 The Gutian Invasion and the UR dynasty (c. 2100-2000 BCE) Gutians from East (Iran) conquered Sumer => Return to independent rulers of city- states - UR dynasty (aka Third Dynasty of UR, aka UR III) - King Nammu and his son Shulgi - Code of UR-Nammu; first law recorded in later copies The Old Babylonian Empire (c.1800-1596 BCE) ● Amarties (semitic speaking people from the West) ● 200 years built up power slowly while others in the region fought ● The age of Hammurabi - reunification of Mesopotamia by force and diplomacy Law: Code of Hammurabi (discussion) *Stela: large stone slab with descriptions (Akkadian 2500 BCE) KASSITE BABYLONIA (C.1595-1160) ASSYRIAM EMPIRE (C.2300-612 BCE) NEO-ASSYRIAN PERIOD (C.911-612 BCE) ● Ashurnasipal II (c.911-745 BCE) ● Tiglath-pileser III (c. 745-727 BCE) ● Sennacherib (c.704-681 BCE) ● Esarhaddon (c.680-669 BCE) ● Assurbanipal (c.668-627 BCE) 3 4
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