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World Religion Week 1 Notes

by: Lauren Zerr

World Religion Week 1 Notes PHIL 170

Marketplace > Fort Hays State University > PHIL-Philosophy > PHIL 170 > World Religion Week 1 Notes
Lauren Zerr
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About this Document

Notes taken in class and notes taken during the reading.
World Religions
Eugene Rice
Class Notes




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Zerr on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 170 at Fort Hays State University taught by Eugene Rice in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see World Religions in PHIL-Philosophy at Fort Hays State University.


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Date Created: 01/23/16
Week 1 Notes Wednesday, January 20, 2016 9:16 AM Theism- belief in one powerful, all loving almighty, caring God. Polytheism- multiple Gods Atheism- no God, or no proof of a God Agnosticism - there neither is or isn't a God Deism- there is a God, but doesn't care intimately. God is just a powerful creative force. What is Religion?  Belief  Morals  Ethnics  Practice  Ritual  Doctrine: official teachings  Deity (ies) Christianity - what is it?  Jesus - savior  Son of God  Atonement  Crucified Can you be moral if you do not believe in God? Western Religion is based on faith/appeal to religious authority. What is faith? Beliefs (non-empirically provable, proven easily) Reason? scientific/logic/argument Western philosophy - reason Wisdom- wide application of knowledge Esposito defined religion as a sense of being tied/bound by obligations to whatever powers are believed to govern one's destiny. o Power - God(s) nature, reality, universe o Obligations - commandments, confession o Destiny - death, day-day struggles Cluster / family resemblance definition Edwards - many who define the essence of thing leave out a specific thing. Intro Reading Notes Wednesday, January 20, 2016 11:14 PM 1. No prodestants on supreme court. Many religions blended into Christianity and Buddhism 2.2 Billion Christians 32% 1.6 billion Muslim 23% 1.1 billion Hindu 16% 1 billion no religion 15% 500 million Buddhist 7% Indologist Max Muller: "the person who knows only one religion knows none" Academic religion - no one religion is right. Understanding of religion and its influence. Understanding of religion arise among monotheists. Religion - the sense of being tied or bound by sacred obligating to powers believed to govern our destiny. Religion is sacred. Rudolf Otto - the presences of fascination and dread is a sure sign that one is in the presence of sacred. Myth - symbolic story about the origins and destiny of human being and their world. "not untrue" Myths convey deep and profound life truths. Ultimate reality - that when has the highest value and meaning to a group. Sympatric imaginations - empathy; necessary to understand religious languages and messages of different times and places. Scripture tell of metaphors because you are describing an undescribed experience Via analogia- a way of explaining form a partiful finite qualities and characteristics. "B.O.O God good" Via negativa - "reality by negating all", emptiness Transcendent - beyond all finite things Allah- nothing, but not literally. He's transcendent. Every analogy also implies negations. Ritual - actions that link the individual and the community to each other, though the scared. Myth and ritual are closely tied. Divine - highest spiritual reality. Religions are not confined to doctrines regarding the scared but rather include many careful acts that tie and bind people and each other and to cosmic meaning. Orthopraxy - practice of right action as predescribed by scared traditions, "correct practice" Orthodoxy - acceptance of right beliefs based on scared texts as formulated by religious authorities, "correct belief" Morals - right action Sacred story - myths of nature, harmony, liberation, and history. Myth of nature - time = enemy (decay), return to ideal beginnings Myth of Harmony - China and the Dao. Yin/Yang. Human life ideal is balance and harmony. Daoism - seek harmony with rhythm of nature through the art of not doing. Cunfucism - establish harmony in society through the ritual observance of obligations affected to one's station in society. India and the Myth of Liberation - true self (atman) is merged with eternal Brahman. Reality is achieved through Nirvana. Myths of History - human life goal is to be in harmony to the will of God. Peace and Justice reign, death is overcome. The means of brining this about are obedience to God's will but also debate with God (Judaism), acceptance of divine grace (Christianity), and submission to will of God (Islam). God created Adam and Eve which led to sin, Abraham is the true model of faith, and sin was our downfall. Time = vehicle for encountering true ultimate reality (God). Colonialism - the political, social, cultural, and economic domination of one society by another. Fundamentalist - reject aspects of modernity and want to return to the perceived foundational purity of an ancestral sacred social/political order, or way of life. Modernist - seek an accommodation of their religion tradition to the insights of science and the social and political realities of modern life. Postmodernist - seek to go forward into the new situation that affirms the role of religion in public life in a way that embraces religious diversity periods. Premodern - trace origins and development. Formative - origins. Classical - developed premodern beliefs, rituals, and institutions. Modernity traces fundamentalist and modernist responses. Conclusion - implications of history Trial collective identity - tribe never dies (eternal) What happens to self when die? System of ethnic and ideals established. Can life have meaning if it is filled with injustice and meaningless death? Premodern - civilization where there is no separation between a domination religion and society. Modern - civilization what separations citizens lives into public and private spheres, restricting religion to private. Postmodern - society typified by accepting public diversity in religion and social practices Secular - sociologically used to mean "non-religion" Metanarrative - grand cosmic and/or historical story accepted by majority of a society as expn. its beliefs about its origins, destiny, and scared identities. Karl Marx - tribal society (all equal) lead to the rise of complex urban civilization (society ruled by bureaucracy) which lead to political private class against the population which will cause a communistic society (all equal, people in harmony). Postmodern - begins with loss of innocence. All knowledge is relative. Globalization - in terms of world religion that idea that all the world's religions have number in almost every country or society. Heretic - one who is no longer simply born into a religion or identity but must choose it.


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