PERS: Comapartive Culture Chapter 1
PERS: Comapartive Culture Chapter 1 PERS 2001
Popular in Comparative Culture
Popular in Behavioral Sciences
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Diamond Washington on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PERS 2001 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Steve Jacobson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Comparative Culture in Behavioral Sciences at Georgia State University.
Reviews for PERS: Comapartive Culture Chapter 1
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/23/16
Confucianism: The Way of the Sages. (Kung Fu Tzu or Latinized “Confucius”) Analects (551479 BCE) 1. Emphasis on good government and welfare of common people, not metaphysics. 2 The Decree of Heaven: Moral Principles that Govern the Behavior (good governance) of the Emperor in the interests of the common people, and moral principles for the common people as well., (Authored by Heaven) (Moral Principle: Normative versus Descriptive) 3 Destiny: Areas of Life that are outside Human Control: Destiny is to be accepted; the DH’s are the proper objects of human concern….. (Examples: family, country, genetics, natural talents) 4 The Way (the Tao): Ancient Sages whose actions mirrored the Decrees of Heaven, and served as a model for the rest of us commoners. (DH, Ancient Sages, Words of the Sages) Ideal Moral Person = Gentleman. HUMAN NATURE: 5. All humans are potentially sages; in reality most if not all are far removed from the Way of the Sages. 6. What keeps humans from being sages? Humans have free will. 7. Later, figures filled in details about Human nature. Mencius, Hsun tzu (A debate over whether human nature is basically good or bad.) DIAGNOSIS: 8. Dismal appraisal of the human condition: 22: Five Causes. Selfish motives—esp. having to do with wealth and power and personal gain. [We ought to do what is right, simply because its right, not because of the ends we hope to achieve. (“doing for nothing”: indifference to what one can’t control (destiny); to social recognition; (avoid investing one’s peace of mind in matters one can’t control.] Erosion of Trust: Reliance on the Word of Others is eroded. [Many people are not true to their word, ie, trustworthy] Ignorance of the Way of the Sages. A scholarly tradition with an emphasis on studying the classics. Lack of Benevolence (Kindness): The fundamental Confucian Virtue. (It is within reach of all humans) PRESCRIPTION: Basic thesis: Acting according to the Way of Heaven: independent of social reward or recognitionwhich are a matter of Destiny. The Way of Heaven includes: Being a good family member, The transformation of society begins with the family. The rules governing members of a family should be extended to others outside the family. The Ancient Sages: A Spontaneous expression of a perfected internal stateof the Way of Heaven: they are models for all. How so? The Gentleman: People who have internalized and express the Way of the Sages Confucian Practitioners: Direct Observation and Textual Study are the means to connect with the Decrees of Heaven….. How is the way of the Sages (Decrees of Heaven) communicated to members of society: Ancient Sages who somehow or other recognize a set of principles as the “Decrees of Heaven”. A scholarly tradition. Some members of an elite class of scholars have exposure to the Decrees of Heaven thru the Classics. Common people have exposure thru exemplary people; Confucius: If all would follow this way, people would achieve perfection, and society would be transformed, and benevolence would rule. “Paradigmatic Tradition” Questions and Critical Issues: A. To what extent is the dismal condition due to destiny, rather than misuse of free will, or our failure to follow the way of the sages? B. Is the Way of the Sages meant as a model for Chinese society alone, or a model for all human societies? C. What, if anything, does the Confucian traditions have to say about specific issues—eg. the morality of war, euthanasia, samesex marriage, abortion, …..? D.How do we know which moral principles are involved in The Decree of Heaven.?
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'