PS101 Notes from week 1
PS101 Notes from week 1 PS 101
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Kington on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 101 at University of Kentucky taught by Charles Dainoff in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
4 Week 1 PS101 notes from 14 January 2016 Use edgesagepubcombarbour7e o Companion website for book 0 Great study resource Chapter 1 Comparison of Political Systems W Politics who gets what when where and how Political power the in uence of an individual or group upon other people 0 Who gets what within a group of people 0 Discuss in terms of legitimacy Power accepted by people Derived from 3 sources 1 Tradition longer position lasts more legitimate 2 Charisma We want to do what they tell us 3 Legality based on body of laws Government In situations are processes by which decisions or rules are made and enforced o In order to operate citizens must decide it is legit 0 IMPORTANT Everyone in the group is a citizen of the government 0 Cannot in uence government without being a citizen Comparison of Economic Systems in Book More Socialism Social Regulated Laissez Less Governme Democrac Capitalism faire Governme nt y Capitalism nt v Socialism complete government ownership and control Social Democracy Mostly private ownership but extensive government control Regulated Capitalism Private ownership and some government control USA Laissezfaire Capitalism Private ownership and no government control Less government Procedural n Inrnnfnnc Anarchy no government or manmade laws individuals do as they please Nonauthoritarian svstem example democracy Individuals citizens dedde how to live their lives Government role is limited to procedural guarantees of individual rights Week 1 o Authoritarian system Government decides how individuals subjects should More government live their lives and Imposes a substantive VISIon Substantive rn Inrnnfooc P5101 notes from 19 January 2016 Communist democracy Marx s hope for a system embracing personal freedom and a collectively owned economy 0 More government control of economy 0 Less government control of social order 0 Examples Has never existed o Totalitarian system government controls all economic and individual behavior 0 More government control of economy and social order 0 Examples North Korea 0 Authoritarian Capitalism Government allows market economy but highly regulates individual behavior 0 More government control of social order 0 Less government control of economy 0 Examples China 0 Advanced industrial democracv personal freedom within a freemarket economy 0 Less government control of social order and economy 0 Examples USA Democracy Policies depend on freely given consent of the people Consent personalbasic rights speech and voting 0 United states is a representative democracy 0 Direct Democracv no representatives Everyone meets and discuss issues and make decisions together Referendums adoption of a law can be voted on directly by the people 0 Ballot initiatives people can place an issue on the ballot with signatures 0 Recall citizens can collect enough signatures to have a politician red Basis of democracy 0 Selfgovernment people are rational enough to govern themselves 0 Everyone understands that everyone is entities to national rights life liberty and property 0 Men are not angles we are not purely rational or good 0 Government that can protect us from ourselves Week 1 Social contract agreement between all of us and our government on a system 0 Civil society every individual in a community agree to create society where natural rights are protected 0 Agree to abide by laws created by society o If government breaks the contract citizens can create new government Majority Rule Public polity set by majority of people either directly or through representatives 0 Unanimity is impossible o Majority 50 1 person 0 Doesn t mean majority is right or without consequence 0 Doesn t mean representatives are infallible Minority Rights based on being in majority not being limitless power Laws guarantee that minorities have rights to vote of ce and freedom ofspeech 0 Freedom of speech worship associate travel Limited Government power of government should have speci c written boundaries 0 Constitutional democracy majority rules but is not all powerful Democratic Institutions established ways of doing things 0 Executive 0 Legislative o judicial Free Elections everyone ful lling requirements can vote on representatives 0 Secret ballots 0 Functions Citizens select policy making of cials Encourage of cials to stay with voters wants and opinions Peaceful power transfer Organized Oppositions critical that government has organized opposition ex Republicans vs democrats 0 Free to disagree with government 0 US primarily through political parties organized groups that support candidates for political of ce Free expression of ideas critical that everyone be able to freely express themselves Equality all people are equal before the law Everyone have opportunity to advance Universal educationl duty of government to insure people have free access to education 0 Thomas jefferson quotA Nation cannot be ignorant and freequot Week 1 0 An uneducated citizenry cannot understand the concepts they are asked to make decisions on Causes incompetent leaders Important concepts of chapter 1 will be on test 0 De nitions every few pages in book 0 Government vs Politics Legitimacy Page 5 Economics and politics 0 Page 6 economic systems 0 Regular capitalism vs socialism Procedural vs substantive guarentees o Authoritarian vs Non Authoritarian pg 89 g 12 o Page 9 g 13 0 Where the USA is in relation 0 What democracy is And Representative democracy 0 Citizens Different principles of Democracy