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Soc 1 Week 3 Lecture and Discussion Notes

by: Priscilla orellana

Soc 1 Week 3 Lecture and Discussion Notes Sociol 1

Marketplace > University of California - Irvine > Sociology > Sociol 1 > Soc 1 Week 3 Lecture and Discussion Notes
Priscilla orellana

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These notes are from O'Connell's lectures during week 3, as well as what was discussed in my discussion section for week 3.
Class Notes
sociology, Intro to sociology, soc1, UCI, O'Connell, OConnell
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Priscilla orellana on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociol 1 at University of California - Irvine taught by O'CONNELL, C. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY in Sociology at University of California - Irvine.

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Date Created: 01/23/16
Lecture 5 Week 3 Tuesday 1/19: Culture and Personality Rules of Culture, the Dominant Culture • Watched video talking about how in France people are given free healthcare and college education, government pays for people to help out new parents with household chores and childcare, while hospitals in the US turn away people who are not covered by their own health insurance. • Two men: Brown & Smith o Brown takes people hostage, holds them for ransom, then releases them when paid. (in this example ransom does get paid in under ~2 years) o Smith takes people captive, puts them to work, lives off the sale of the stuff they make, and releases them only upon his death. o Is one “more wrong” than the other? Are they equally wrong? • Rules of culture: o Culture: basically values, rules of behavior aka “norms”. § Least important of these rules are “folkways”: the ways of the people, if you violate them you’re not necessarily immoral. Example: In the U.S. a folkway is if you get KFC chicken you eat it with your fingers, but some people use knife/fork. § More serious level of norms: “mores” pronounced more - ayes. Rules that are more serious, people will get upset if you violate these. Example: cross dressing particularly for males. § Most serious are “taboos”, if you violate you are the scum of society, will be ostracized/severely punished. Cannibalism, incest, child abuse. • Dominant Culture o In the U.S.: WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) § W: White, institutions favor those people socially & legally considered “White”. To be judged white is a legal matter, not just a social thing created by people. Does not favor people that are not white (people of color) § A/S: Anglo-Saxon o Ideal culture: what you think you identify with/believe vs. actual culture: what you really do/behave. § Brown is actually Persian leader “Khomeni” who would take U.S. CIA/FBI agents for ransom until U.S. paid it. § Smith is actually George Washington, slaveowner Discussion Week 3 • Top 4 institutions: o Family o Educational o Religious o Political • 3 types of power: o Cultural § Element of intellectual power: culture has a source of knowledge. § Values § Norms § These 3 things are institutionalized, meaning they are passed on through institutions. Institutions are social arrangements that channel behavior in prescribed ways in the important areas of life (pg. 39) o Economic o Political • Socialization: process of learning the culture of a specific location ; common understanding, symbols, right/wrong o This needs to be internalized: process through which society’s demands become part of the individual, acting to control their behavior. Done in 3 ways: 2 1. Common belief system 2. Affiliation with a reference group 3. Identity: classification that society has placed on individuals through categorization of sex, race, gender, religion, and social class. • Making of Blind Men, Study of Adult socialization Robert A. Scott • Social control: mechanisms social groups have to ens ure conformity; it is a process of internalization. o Ideological social control: attempt to manipulate consciousness of citizens so that they accept ruling ideology and refuse to be moved by competing ideologies. § Ruling ideology: the expectation of the ruling class for society to organize and behave in a way to complete a task § 3 days to accomplish: 1. Through socialization of youth 2. Through frontal attacks by politicians, pastors, teachers, and other people in authority 3. Propaganda efforts by political figures to convince the public of which actions are moral, who the enemies are, and why certain courses of governmental action are required o Direction social control attempts to punish or neutralize organizations/individuals who deviate from norms Lecture 6 Week 3 Thursday 1/21 • Today’s lecture: o The bases of culture o The dominant culture: WASP o The power of culture Bases of culture: • Modes of Production: 1. Class system 3 2. Forces of production: technology/tools available. Early in history this was limited since we only had human power & animal power (sometimes wind power) 3. Material environment: materials in the area where you live (e.g. mountains? Desert? Fields? What’s the water supply? Is there a lot of wind?). Puts a limitation on what you can do. • Essays in the reading: o Why is it that today in a society where we have so many labor - saving devices, we are working the most compared to other times in history? o Essay by Wolfgang: Why is it that coffee has replaced beer as a breakfast beverage? o Essay by Marvin Harris: Why are there cow/pig taboos in certain societies but not others? Has to do with modes of production at the time, and the environment. o Essay by Rosenhan: Experiment to put sane people into mental hospitals. How long did it take the medical staff to realize they have fake patients? o These show that cultural values are often related to economic factors (forces of production, power systems, material environment) Dominant culture: WASP • White supremacy is still with us, just not in the “old way” . We don’t have overt segregation, but we still have segregation in other ways, through private enterprise & gov’t policies that help private enterprise. Segregates them by housing (therefore in schools too), in the labor market, distribution of jobs & income & wealth. Although most of the poor are whites, the percentage of poor people within each ethnicity/race is significantly higher for people of color. Arrest & incarceration, people of color have higher rates (especially men). White people have the highest life expectancy. • King in Britain, had a colony in America with a colonial ruling class made up of 3 groups: 4 1. Commercial class: export & import of goods between themselves & Britain. Realized they could make more money if they sold to other countries like France & Spain, but British commercial policy (called Mercantilism) was that all exports were to only go to Britain since they were a colony, they had no right to sell to Britain’s competitors. American’s favored free trade, a policy that allowed the exporters to sell to whomever they chose. 2. Real estate speculators: people who would survey Native American land in the Ohio River Valley, chart it on maps & write up a title, then go into cities & offer this land to people. People were going in and moving into these lands. Native Americans agreed to fight on the British side against the French in exchange for no more colonists taking their land. Proclamation of 1763: no more colonists can go across Appalachian Mountains to the Ohio River Valley & settle there. Real estate speculators are basically out of a job now, but decide to go against the law and sell it anyway since King is in Britain 3. Slave masters: Britain was a supplier of slaves & approved slave trade, commitment to this got weaker in 1770’s. Somerset vs. Stuart: escaped slave made it to England, took his master to court when he tried to recapture him, court favored former slave Somerset. Showed British king was not on the side of the colony. British military governor for the colonies, Lord Dunmore 1775, realized revolution was coming about & moved his office to Chesapeake Bay in a British naval vessel. Needed reinforcements so he recruited (basically stole) slaves from their masters in exchange for a promise of freedom for the slaves. • Washington’s Presidency: o When Britain & U.S. signed a peace treated, proclamation of 1763 is now invalid and Britain gives this land to the new U.S. 5 President Washington created an army and sent them to the Ohio River Valley to take the land away from the Native nd Americans, get defeated. Sends troops a 2 time, get defeated again. Puts a new general in charge, sends them in a rd 3 time and conquers Native Americans & gets this land incorporated into U.S. st o Slaves in island of Haiti revolt, 1 time slaves are successful in revolting, does Washington side with slave masters or the slaves trying to get freedom? Doesn’t give them an army, but gives slave masters of Haiti $726,000 (back in the 1790’s which would be a lot now) to buy guns & whatever else they need to suppress the slave rebellion. 6


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