REL-134g - Key Terms
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Costello on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 134 at a university taught by Lai, Rongdao in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views.
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Date Created: 01/23/16
Introduction to Buddhism: Key Terms List Kapla: unimaginably long time Boddhisattra: one who has vowed to become a Buddha/attain enlightenment. Maha\spurus’a: literally means great man. Usisha: mound on top of his head. Maitreya: a future Buddha Tüshita heaven: life before last life on Earth. Jataka: “birth stories” of the historical Buddha’s previous lives. Änanda: cousin of the Buddha and constant companion. Arahat: enlightened monk. Varna: color (literal meaning), becomes complexion which creates distinction of divisions in the caste system. Jati: birth, tiny subdivisions within the large varna divisions. Buddha’s Names: Siddh/ärtha: To accomplish, achieve/goal aim Gautama Gotama Ksatriya: Warrier class, class to which he was born. Säkyamuni: The Sage of the Sakyas. The ancenstors of the historical Buddha. Time: BCE-Before Common Era CE- Common Era Buddha was born throughout multiple Kalpas, where he has been born again, again and again. He made the vow and it took Kalpas to attain enlightenment. Some traditions say you have to make this vow in front of another enlightened being. Once enlightenment has been attained, there is no need for the renewel of life. Anyone can take the bodhisattva vow. However, not every human is going to be able to become a Buddha, you can become enlightened but not everyone will become a Buddha. Buddha is different in the way that he has a very miraculous birth, coming out of his mothers right side and having lotus flowers appear within his first seven step. He talks and says I am this miraculous being and I am the Buddha and I am here. He has webbed fingers and feet, once he becomes enlightened. The Buddha comes one time within this world, until it is destroyed. Gives the reasoning for why the future Buddha is in the Tüshita heavens, since eventually humans won’t know about Buddhism, he will show them the path. Happy, jolly Buddha are representations of Maitreya. Maitreya is staying around for the next world. Änanda was the cousin of the Buddha and he retells the Buddha’s teachings and stories. After Buddha’s death, all the enlightened monks were having a council to tell the truths of what Buddha taught. However, only Arahats were allowed in this council. Therefore he study very hard to attain enlightenment to tell the stories of Buddha since he was the constant companion of the Buddha. “Thus I have heard..” Both the varna and the jati create the division in the caste system. This is for the historical divisions in the caste system during Buddha’s time. The awakening, the realization of the ultimate truth are timeless teachings. The texts we are reading are in the Buddha’s social context of his specific time and place. The truth that this is a world of suffering.
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