Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
Reviews for Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/06/15
Bonine and Gerst ECOL 406R506R Fall 2006 Conservation Biology 26 October 2006 Suggested Review Topics for Second Exam 100 points on Thursday 02 November 2006 Please review your readings and lecture notes for material since the first exam and through 31 October 2006 Your exam will take place in two parts The first will be a typical individual exam which should take you about 50 minutes The second part will be about 25 minutes in groups of four students on a short set of additional questions See your syllabus for grading details If we didn t at least touch on it in lecture then I probably won t ask about it on the exam unless it is a major concept or idea from your assigned readings 03 Oct 2006 1 Why is the 1971 Ramsar Wetlands treaty signed in Iran considered an important step in conservation biology 2 Name one result of the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio 3 How was the SDCP preferred alternative map created How many species were involved How is the SDCP related to the ESA 4 What are the five paradigms VanDyke argues are driving conservation biology Is he missing any What do you think the next paradigm will be in say 2020 5 How are small populations and declining populations different issues What are some ofthe threats faced by small populations 6 How do you calculate effective population size Why is this concept useful 05 Oct 2006 7 Explain the controversy over the Kanab amber snail as presented by Hans Werner Herrmann How is the ESA involved How are species and ecosystem conservation potentially at odds 8 Explain what is interesting about the distribution of Kanab amber snails Is the Niobrara amber snail as interesting How did this example of biogeography likely arise Are there competing hypotheses 9 How is the KAS example potentially related to the ideas of founder effect bottleneck or relict population What is a subspecies How do you define it How do you define species 10 Based on what you know about conservation genetics what properties do you think AFLPs have as described in Hans Werner Herrmann s talk 11What is a doubleblind study 10 Oct 2006 12 The five potential questions presented in lecture on slide 8 of lecture 15 might make for interesting exam questions 13 What is meant by inbreeding coefficient What is the related 1 rule 14 Why are rare alleles lost in bottlenecks What tests have been done on Cheetahs to determine they are low in allelic variation 15 How are drift and natural selection related Which is more important When 16 Explain how one ofthe four extinction vortices works Why is it called a vortex Are their parallels with Guy McPherson s discussion of runaway greenhousequot Bonine and Gerst ECOL 406R506R Fall 2006 17 Describe two uses ofthe Hardy Weinberg Equation as discussed in this class 18 Explain Wright s Fixation lndex FST How would you calculate it Why is it useful lfgiven a table with FST values could you make some meaningful comparisons 19 What variables do you need to calculate equilibrium heterozygosity 20 What is the ultimate source of all genetic variation 506 How does horizontal transfer t your answer 21 What is the goal of MVP or PVA Are they the same 12 Oct 2006 22 Draw a graph of the Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography Why is this paradigm useful in conservation biology What are the flaws and caveats that have been articulated since the 1960s when this model was introduced 23When do you use an apostrophe before the s at the end ofa word 24 How many liters in a gallon How many centimeters in a mile 25Why did Lyell Wallace and DanNin all make an appearance in class 26 Why do the flora and fauna of continental islands differ from that of oceanic islands 27 Why are frogs such poor dispersers to islands 28When was Pangaea a land mass 29 How do you explain that the oldest current island in the Galapagos is about 5 million years old but the marine iguanas living on all of the islands seem to have diverged from a South American ancestor about 10 million years ago 30 What is the important distinction to be made between vicariance and dispersal 31 What is up with Wallace sNVeber s line How is sea level involved 32 Explain the concept of isolation by distance 33 What is a metapopulation Can you give an example Do humans comprise a metapopulation 34 506 What is chytrid fungus and how did it likely spread around the globe 17 Oct 2006 35 Define invasive species Does this definition include native andor exotic species How far back do you go before a species is no longer exotic Why do they put those little umbrellas in exotic drinks 36 Why are invasive species more and more common today as compared to 200 years ago 37 What is the tens rule 38 Do invasive species affect local economies 39 Describe ve typical characteristics each for invasive species and invaded habitats 40 Give two examples each of accidental introductions escaped introductions and intentional introductions Do any of these upset you more than others 41 What are the four potential ecological impacts of invasive species as described by Kathy Gerst Can you give an example of each 42 What are the important things to keep in mind when considering a biological control agent Can you give examples of disastrous and successful biological control programs Have you seen the movie Cane Toads An Unnatural History 43 What is the role of education in conservation Bonine and Gerst ECOL 406R506R Fall 2006 19 Oct 2006 44 What is your creativity project going to encompass Are there props or AV equipment projectors TVs etc that you would like us to procure for you Does your project require a performance that we should schedule time for your peers to observe 45 T or F Brown Tree Snakes were introduced to Guam to control Giant African Snails 46 Why is habitat heterogeneity thought to be important 47 Give examples of endogenous and exogenous disturbances 48 How do we keep the gene pool from becoming a gene puddle What components of variation are typically measured in the context of a gene pool 49 Define heterozygosity 50 What are the two main roles of conservation genetics as presented in lecture Can you describe five issues that are germane to conservation genetics 51 How long does it take for genetic variation to be recovered in a population that survives a bottleneck Why 52 How is effective population size related to genetic variation and the presence of rare alleles 53 Compare and contrast inbreeding and outbreeding depression Are there medications we can take to alleviate the symptoms 54The red wolf was presented as an example of what phenomenon 55 What general information was presented to you on the slide containing a whale phylogeny 24 Oct 2006 56 How and why do molecular and morphological taxonomy diffel Which is a more recent addition to the scientific community 57 How and why do you have to match genes of study to the appropriate question Think scale 58 Describe five important takehome messages from Melanie Culver s work with Puma genetics 59 What are the pros and cons of studying neutral markersquot 60 lfyou were to graph FST values vs migration estimates what would the graph look like Would the graph be the same for all genes Why or why not 61What is PVA 62 List 10 factors that affect population size 63 Why does the dynamic nature of population size complicate the efforts of a conservation biologist 64 Explain the difference between logistic and exponential population growth conceptually and graphically 65 Explain the importance of understanding the allee affect 66What is a structured population model 67According to the PVA paper you read what is the likelihood that Florida panthers will survive until the year 2098 What is the likelihood that Florida panthers will survive until 2542 26 Oct 2006 68 What are the four spikes What is the fifth emerging spike Why are they called spikes Bonine and Gerst ECOL 406R506R Fall 2006 69 Do you believe Guy McPherson is really an optimist An optometrist A pessimist 70What drives global climate change How are temperature and precipitation affected Why are hurricanes predicted to get stronger What do you think the effect will be on the misuse ofthe words affect and effect How can we effect change to mitigate this problem 71 How many people inhabit the planet How many people inhabit the earth What is 300 billion divided by 300 million How many people live on 1day in this world 72 How was Clark Kent relevant to McPherson s slide about overcoming our animalistic tendencies 73 Explain the concept of Peak Oil Why does McPherson harp on this concept 74 How do permaforst and albedo relate to runaway greenhousequot 75 How much money did EOWilson suggest would be necessary to save roughly 70 of the world s species 76 How much ofthe Earth s primary productivity photosynthesis do humans use today 77T or F more humans are added to the planet each day than the total number of living individuals of all other great ape species on the planet 78 Define consumption 79 How are the positive discount rate and intergenerational inequity related 506 How does the Iroquois concept of 7 Generations relate 80 Why is economic growth never questioned Should it be questioned 81What is the estimated value of oil in the Middle East What happens to the value McPherson presented ifthe price of a barrel of oil rises to 400 within ten years 82 Who was president of the US in 1978 83 Give an example of a subsidy that McPherson argues should be shifted to benefit the planet 84 How does our US tax system influence procreative decisions 85 What is the current ratio of US military spending to US foreign aid Why did McPherson argue this was unusual 86 live as if Please also review your notes from student short presentations and from Ed Moll s lecture and reading from 31 October 2006 Bon chance
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'