Week One Notes
Week One Notes PSY 431
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Uihlein on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 431 at Southern Connecticut State University taught by Dr. Nuzzo in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Tests and Measurements in Psychlogy at Southern Connecticut State University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
De nition Test a standardized procedure used to measure a sample of behavior from a content domain De nition Content Domain entirety of the information Eg the content domain of chapter 1 is all of the information contained in chapter 1 Choose items that are accurately representative of the domain since not all aspects of content domain can be tested Tests are designed to differentiate between behaviorspeoplelevels Standardized two parts 1 same amp consistent for everybody time to take it scoring content etc 2 norms quotError of the Scorequot Always present to some degree The more subjective the test the more error and vice versa the more objective the test the less error Norms compare individual with a group of peers Eg college student norms elderly norms etc Terms Psychological testingassessmentevaluation A test is a quottoolquot that the psychologist uses The psychologist interprets and makes the nal decision The test score must be reported but again the psychologist makes the nal determination History 1 Early Experimental Psychologists Wilhelm Wundt the father of modern psychology 1879 Setup a laboratory in Leipzig Germany a Psychological laboratory rst time anyone called themselves psychologist and said they were expressly studying psychology b Treated it as a science not philosophy c Looked for answers facts information d Structuralist i Psychology should study the structures of the mind ii How does the human mind organize information iii Physical or sensory organization Sir Francis Galton worked in late 1800 s Believed survival of the ttest applied to humans as well quotHereditary Geniusquot Book Developed concept of mean and standard deviation 0 To understand what you re looking at you must determine these Karl Pearson one of Galton s students 0 Developed Pearson Correlation 2 Early Clinical Psychologists a 1892 Emil Kraepelin physician i Developed rst modern diagnostic vocabulary ii This was the beginnings of the DSM b 19045 Functionalist School of Psychology i Should study what the mind can do ii Alfred Binet 1 First IQ Test c 1920 s1930 s Freud MD i Advent of talk therapy ii Way children are raised has an impact on their personality later in life d 1921 Herman Rorschach i Ink Blot Test ii Birth of major psychological testing e 1952 DSMl i First time things are standardized in mental health community 3 SocialPoliticalEconomic demands for testing a 19045 IQ Test i Originally started in Paris because the school superintendent noticed some where not doing well 1 Wanted to identify high risk children to give more resources
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