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Intro to Music Lit week 1 notes!

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by: Chappy

Intro to Music Lit week 1 notes! MUL2010

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About this Document

An introduction to music literature, including an explanation on basic music jargon, form, genre, properties of sound, and the way music affects society. Keep a look out for week 2!
Introduction to Music Literature
Frusco,Jeremy A
Class Notes
Music literature, Intro to music lit, MUL, MUL2010, Music, music lit, intro, properties of sound, form, genre, week 1
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"Killer notes! I'm stoked I can finally just pay attention in class!!!"
Carolanne Conn

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chappy on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUL2010 at University of Florida taught by Frusco,Jeremy A in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music Literature in Music at University of Florida.


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Killer notes! I'm stoked I can finally just pay attention in class!!!

-Carolanne Conn


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Date Created: 01/24/16
Week 1 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit 1 Introduction to Music Literature ♪ WEEK 1 NOTES ♪ ▯ Main Theme ♪ PROPERTIES OF SOUND Scientific Terms Musical Terms • Duration (seconds, etc) •mhhy • Frequency (Hz) •ctiP • Volume (dB) • Dynamics • Waveform • Tone color/Timbre all sounds must have these properties. Rhythm • Beat - meter • Tempo - accelerando, ritardando, rubato, subito • Rhythmic value • Pace - rhythmic value are longer or shorter Pitch • Melody - main line ⁃ contour ⁃ conjunction ⁃ interval ⁃ range • Harmony - enhancer to melodic idea ⁃ drone ⁃ consonance vs. dissonance • Modes ⁃ tonality Dynamics • crescendo, decrescendo • dynamic range ⁃ pianissimo ⁃ piano ⁃ mezzo piano / mezzo forte e t r o⁃ f om i s s i t r o⁃ f Timbre - color quality of sound • size of instrument • construction • sound production ⁃ Human voices ⁃ gender ⁃ range ⁃ age ⁃ Chordophones - stringed instruments ⁃ bowed or plucked ⁃ Aerophones - winds and brass ⁃ reeds, breath flow Week 1 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit 1 ⁃ trumpets and woodwinds have very different timbre (even within their sections) despite similar sound production ⁃ Membranophones - drums and pitched percussion ⁃ membranes stretched over frames to produce a definitively toned pitch - percussion ⁃ Idiophones - non-drum indefinite/definite pitch percussion Form mrof stse ⁃ repetition AA ⁃ variation AA’ ⁃ contrast AB ⁃ recapitulation/return ABA • Western ⁃ binary - two distinct parts - AB ⁃ ternary - three parts - A B A’ ⁃ Rondeau - reccuring refrain - ABABA/ ABACA ⁃ Through composed - ABCD… (etc.) ⁃ Queen Bohemian Rhapsody • Popular Music ⁃ T-swift classic - CVVCVBCC ⁃ 32 bar song form ⁃ 12 bar blues ⁃ bar form AAB • Genre - impacted by form ⁃ song ⁃ symphony - multi movement ⁃ instrumental predominant ⁃ Opera - staged musical drama ⁃ acting/singing w/ people as focus ⁃ Concerto ⁃ soloist w orchestra ⁃ Sonata ⁃ instrument w piano ⁃ piano itself ⁃ Chamber music ⁃ any ensemble smaller than a bonafide symphony ▯ ▯ SOCIETY AND MUSIC Cognitive development by method of music • must happen after brain develops • understanding of music can only be gained with a prior fundamental understanding • music cognitive therapy can improve creativity • Mozart effect - music makes you smarter (debunked—must happen under circumstances) Culture • Music forms practically ⁃ steel drums are inherently Caribbean • Cultural context of music is directly related to understanding ⁃ either societally or between individuals Week 1 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit 1 ⁃ emotion • Indexicality - association of a song with an outside concept ⁃ (ex. Don’t You Forget About Me & Breakfast Club) ⁃ Iconicity - derivation of indexicality ⁃ Nationalistic / identical, financial, etc. benefits Genre • Popular ⁃ here today, gone tomorrow • “Classical” ⁃ anything predominantly western before 20th century as defined by music industry ⁃ endures the test of time - usually harmonically good music ⁃ true period was 1725-1815 ⁃ note: Opera is not a genre (despite the fact that it contains genre classifications) • World ⁃ everything else • Problematic division of music ⁃ preferences western ⁃ ignores the diversity in general cultural music taste • Divided into secular and sacred works ⁃ determines how the work is used in culture ⁃ possible to blur the lines • Historical/chronological, stylistic, timbre & instrumentation sub genres • Jazz ⁃ different harmonic classification and development over time as well as instrumentation History • Ancient (everything - 400 AD) • Medieval (400-1430 AD) s t e t ⁃oM ⁃ Male choirs • Renaissance (1430- 1600 AD) ⁃ development of choir ⁃ boys joined ⁃ dominance of sacred music ⁃ women joined choirs in late part but still were not allowed much liberty • Baroque (1600-1750 AD) - recognizable today ⁃ italian fundamentals ⁃ english art song fundamentals ⁃ plucked and strung instrumentation ⁃ strings popularity ⁃ early classical influence ⁃ development of the clavier/harpsichord • Classical (1750-1820 AD) ⁃ Widespread use of basso continuo ⁃ opera development (italian, early german) ⁃ Mozart ⁃ ‘too many notes’ ⁃ Early Handel • Romantic (1820-1900 AD) ⁃ Flowing, imagery-rich music Week 1 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit 1 ⁃ English and German Opera ⁃ piano’s best period ⁃ Beethoven’s period ⁃ Large, symphonic music ⁃ Puccini in the late • Modern (20th century) ⁃ development of musical theatre and vaudeville ⁃ american art song ⁃ jazz, swing, R&B, disco, hip hop, rap, trap, general african american music culture extreme success ⁃ development of contemporary • Contemporary (21st century) • Also problematic because genres still developed within overlaps of each musical era ▯ Countermelody ♪ Make sure to use words specific to music terminology. Jargon associated with a specialty or area of interest can help you and others explain things quicker and easier and help culminate ideas faster! woo!!


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