New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Anth 120 Chapter 1 History of Forensic Science

Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
by: Hallie Notetaker

Anth 120 Chapter 1 History of Forensic Science Anth 120

Marketplace > Minnesota State University - Mankato > anthropology, evolution, sphr > Anth 120 > Anth 120 Chapter 1 History of Forensic Science
Hallie Notetaker
Minnesota State University, Mankato
GPA 3.66

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the introductory chapter of the textbook, the history of forensic science.
Forensic Science: An Anthropological Approach
Dr. Kathleen Blue
Class Notes
Anthropology, Forensic Science
25 ?




Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
Star Star Star Star Star
"I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!"

Popular in Forensic Science: An Anthropological Approach

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hallie Notetaker on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 120 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Kathleen Blue in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Forensic Science: An Anthropological Approach in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

Similar to Anth 120 at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr


Reviews for Anth 120 Chapter 1 History of Forensic Science

Star Star Star Star Star

I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!



Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/24/16
1/13/16 Chapter One History of Forensic Science What is forensic science?  Application of science to law o Criminal o Civil  What aspect of forensic science are most practitioners engaged in? o Drug testing  Forensic science is the application of science to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system American Academy of Forensic Science (AAFS)  Established 1948  Eleven sections o Criminalistics o Digital and multimedia sciences o Engineering science o General o Jurisprudence o Odontology o Pathology/biology o Physical anthropology o Psychiatry/behavioral science o Questioned documents o Toxicology  Some important forensic sciences do not have their own section  All 50 states and 70 countries  Over 7000 members  Journal of Forensic Sciences  Annual meetings MNIAI  Minnesota Division of the International Association for Identification  Educational Conference is held each September Forensic Science  Not like CSI or Bones  Multiple individuals are involved; one person does not do everything  Is not infallible o Science is, but people are not  Most practitioners are civilians with degrees in biology or chemistry  Law enforcement personnel or others with expert knowledge/advanced degrees are also involved  Evidence may be present, but it may not be enough for either an arrest or conviction  The public’s interest in DNA and other forensic sciences can be problematic for law enforcement and the courts The History of Forensic Science  Sir Arthur Conan Doyle o Author of Sherlock Holmes o Created an early interest in forensic science  Alphonse Bertillon o Anthropometry – first system employed for the identification of individuals  Francis Galton o First study and implementation of fingerprints for identification  Mathieu Orfila o Poison  Leone Lattes o Blood-typing  Calvin Goddard o Bullet/firearm comparison  Albert Osborn o Document examination  Walter McCrone o Microscopy  Hans Gross o Scientific application  Edmond Locard – crime laboratory o Locard’s exchange principle  When an individual comes into contact with another individual or object, a cross-transference of materials occurs  Thomas Dwight – forensic anthropology o Parkman 1849  Cambridge, Massachusetts  Victime – Dr. George Parkman  Perpetrator – Dr. John Webster  ID of bones led to ID of age, sex and stature o Leutgert 1897  Chicago, IL  Victim – Louisa Leutgert  Perpetrator – Adolph Leutgert  ID of bone fragments Crime Laboratories  FBI Laboratory – largest forensic laboratory in the world o Established in 1932  Oldest US crime lab is the Los Angeles Police Department (1923)  Crime labs can be federal, state, county, city or private  Different systems in different areas o Some are centralized or networked, while others are independent  More than 400 US labs and 14,000 employees  Expected growth o Mainly due to crime, drug testing and DNA  Federal laboratories o FBI Quantico o DEA o ATF o USPS  Local laboratories o Hennepin County Sheriff’s Office Crime Lab Unit o MN BCA (St. Paul and Bemidji) o Minneapolis Crime Lab o Tri-County Regional Forensic Lab Crime Lab Services  Physical science unit  Biology unit  Firearms unit  Document examination unit  Photography unit  May include: o Toxicology unit o Latent fingerprint unit o Polygraph unit o Voiceprint analysis unit o Crime scene investigation unit Functions of the Forensic Scientist  Analysis of physical evidence  Provision of expert testimony  Furnishing training in recognition, collection and preservation of physical evidence The Scientific Method 1. Observe some aspect of the universe 2. Invent a tentative description, hypothesis, that is consistent with what you have observed 3. Use the hypothesis to make predictions 4. Test those predictions by experiments or further observations and modify the hypothesis in the light of your results 5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until there are no discrepancies between theory and experiment and/or observation  When consistency is obtained the hypothesis becomes a theory and provides a coherent set of propositions which explain a class of phenomena o A theory is then a framework within which observations are explained and predictions are made Admissibility of Evidence  Frye o Procedure or technique must be “generally accepted” by scientific community  Daubert o Trial judge has ultimate responsibility for determining the reliability of evidence  Kumho and Coppolino o All testimony, not just “scientific” knowledge o New techniques, if based on sound accepted scientific principles, are admissible


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.