New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 2 Humanities Notes

by: Jamie Higgins

Week 2 Humanities Notes 23032

Jamie Higgins

GPA 4.0
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Humanities II

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Humanities II notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Continues on Culture and Creativity, wraps up Humanities I with the Medieval Synthesis and the 14th Century. Starts officially on Humanities II with the 15th Century.
Humanities II
Dr. Bruce MacQueen
Class Notes




Popular in Humanities II

Popular in Arts and Humanities

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamie Higgins on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 23032 at Tulsa Community College taught by Dr. Bruce MacQueen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Humanities II in Arts and Humanities at Tulsa Community College.


Reviews for Week 2 Humanities Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/24/16
Lecture 4 01.19.16 Human Identity • What makes humans human? - According to evolutionary theory, about 6 million years ago, humans and chimpanzees diverge from a common beginning - There are traces of larger members of the monkey family (Apes) that gradually changed into the creatures we now call “human beings” At what point in this process does the creature become “human”? • The mastery of fire, the making of tools (technology)? • The appearance of clothing? • The appearance of language? - How much of language is innate? • The appearance of religion? - Especially a belief in life after death aka, • The appearance of art? to produce and consume beautiful • The building of buildings? objects Creativity • The production of perceptible objects and their appreciation by others, apart from their usefulness, seems to be a characteristically human behavior - Even in nature, we seem to be able to derive pleasure from beauty in a way that animals apparently do not • The drawing of animals on the walls of caves would seem to be among the earliest examples • Both the ability and the desire to create such objects would seem to be a defining characteristic of the human Creativity and Survival • What defines “success” in nature? - The survival of species - The survival of individuals long enough to propagate (reproduce) • What does intelligence do four the species to help it survive? - Adaptability: when the environment changes, behavior changes - Planning: changes in the environment can be anticipated Lecture 4 01.19.16 • What does creativity do for the species to help it survive? - Assists in adaptability by allowing new behaviors to appear for new situations - But what about artistic creativity? Creativity and Culture • What makes it possible for some people to devote their time and energy to creating things? - An economic system that produces a surplus - Aperceived need for aesthetic experiences • What makes this happen? - Cities: centers of economic activity large enough to allow for specialization, a medium of trade (money), etc. - Churches: places and times when the people of a given doing one thing extremely well ✴ulture gather to experience the transcendent Religion and aesthetics go hand in hand Culture and Religion • Religious activity - Not inherently productive in the basic economic sense: i.e. it doesn't provide food, clothing, shelter - Yet it seems to be specifically human • Religious experience and aesthetic experience - Religion as a venue for the creation of beautiful objects - The feeling of transcendence: there is something out there more important than just food, clothing, and shelter Humanities 1 in a nutshell • Animism - That is, rather than identify and worship a god or gods as transcendent being that created the universe and now governs it, people felt the world to be populated by spirits • Polytheism - Many spirits reduced to a “central committee” of gods with particular powers over particular parts of life • Monotheism Many argue that Christianity is NOT monotheistic - Divinity isAll One because they worship the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit Lecture 4 01.19.16 The Medieval Synthesis (Look back at Lecture 1) • Life is centered on the manor (the Lord) or the monastery (theAbbott) - Self-sufficient, patriarchal units larger than a single family but small enough the everyone knows everyone and everyone has an allowed space • Feudalism - Everyone is born to a particular station in life and that is God’s Will - Society is pyramidal • The complication of the MedievalAges: there are two pyramids - ✴ne sacred It was possible to climb up this pyramid - One secular ✴ You were stuck in the class you were born in Lecture 4 01.21.16 MedievalArchitecture • Europe often goes back and forth with historic architecture - America DOES NOT • Cathedrals are designed to draw the eyes up and forward - Cathedrals: homer church of a bishop - Most medieval cathedrals have wall murals that often tell a story • Largest and most famous Gothic cathedral is in Milan, Italy Monks were the only ones who had time to be St. ThomasAquinas philosophers and scholars • Completes the synthesis of Greek philosophy (Plato and especiallyAristotle) with Christianity - Aristotle believed everything was cause -> effect -> cause and that God was the 1st cause • Very systematic First makes a statement and gives some reasons why it seems plausible, often quoting - scripture - Then presents counter arguments - Then answers the counter arguments - Then provides more complete proof of his original statement • Thomistic theology is still deeply imbedded in the doctrine of the Catholic Church - Mainstream Roman Catholic theology - Believed God was all powerful and untouchable, therefore Jesus was the middle man The 14th Century • The “High MiddleAges” - ThomasAquinas and scholastic philosophy (Anselm, Duns Scotus, Occam[Occam’s Razor]) - Giotto[used shading and depth] and other medieval painters - Gothic architecture - Chauncer, Canterbury Tales, Le Chanson de Roland and the chivalric romance (fairy tales) • On the other hand… - Plague (first major outbreak of the bubonic plague) and other natural disasters (many people actually believed it was the end of times because of all the natural disasters - First signs that the Medieval (Catholic) synthesis may be breaking down Lecture 4 01.21.16 Copernicus Galileo From Poland From Italy Both believed that the sun was the center and not the Earth Lived far from Rome Lived near the empire and got imprisoned Waited until his death bed to publish his claims Forced to take back his claim Official Start of Humanities 2 The 15th Century • Urbanization - About the same time, the feudal system of manors and the masteries begins to break down ✴ Some of this seems to be connected with the Crusades and the conflict with the Moors in Spain, when Europeans came in contact with more advanced civilizations (Muslims) - Cities begin to develop as trade expands ✴ Some people in cities manage to become very wealthy without having titles or owning land ★ Middle class has started to develop, with people being rich but not aristocrats • Political tensions associated with urbanization - Fundamental changes in the role of the king ✴ Sacred side was losing control over everyone to the secular side, the kings saying “we are the law of the land” - Tensions between wealthy merchants and bankers in the cities and old aristocracy • The beginnings of a religious revolt - Foreshadowed by St. Francis (could have been a “Martin Luther”) in the 13th century - The Hussites, Luddites, Jansenites, etc. were all violently suppressed


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.