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Chapter 3

by: Carmen Thomas
Carmen Thomas
GPA 3.77
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About this Document

Augmentative and Alternative Communication Strategies Manual Signs, Picture Communication and Speech-Generating Devices
Practicum in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Dr. Shannon Titus Dieringer
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carmen Thomas on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 683 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Shannon Titus Dieringer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Practicum in Autism Spectrum Disorder in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Ball State University.

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Popular in Linguistics and Speech Pathology


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Date Created: 01/24/16
Carmen Thomas SPCE 683 Notes Chapter 3: Augmentative and Alternative Communication Strategies Manual Signs, Picture Communication and Speech-Generating Devices Autism Spectrum Disorders are currently the most common, fastest growing developmental disabilities in the country. 4 frequently used AAC Strategies:  Manual signs- sign language, unaided AAC. Recognized as an emerging treatment by National Standards Project  Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)- includes six training phases. Recognized as emerging treatment by National Standards Project  Graphic communication systems- graphic symbols, aided AAC, visual supports. Can be used as communication book/board. Various forms- visual schedules, expressive communication, choice making. Recognized as emerging treatment by National Standards Project.  Speech-generating devices- visual screen displays, graphics. Also emerging treatment. It is not possible to determine which forms of AAC is most effective. There is no standardized assessment for AAC. Assessment should focus on  Descriptions of individual's communication forms/functions  Influence of communication partner  Learning environment  Individual's participation patterns  Developmental levels in terms of sensory, motor, literacy and language Assessments should select AAC system that can support individual's:  Strengths  Needs  Capabilities Assessment goal: identify and address current and future communication needs  Gather information- surveys, interviews and observations Table 3.1- Models and Tools of AAC Assessments  Participation Model  SCERTS Model  Social Networks Tool  Augmentative and Alternative Communication Profile Carmen Thomas SPCE 683 Notes ALL people have the right to communication. AAC has been developed to maximize communication using meaningful contexts in the natural environment with responsive communicative partners, focusing on the individual and family. Research supporting AAC use with individuals with ASD continues to grow. However, some worry that AAC could slow down speech development, which evidence has not discovered. AAC is helpful in reducing problem behaviors AAC Requirements 1. System selection 2. System Acquisition 3. System setup and maintanence 4. Instructional strategy selection 5. Training 6. Ongoing support and collaboration. Key Components 1. Select AAC System 2. Select initial vocabulary, plan for further vocabulary 3. Identify teaching strategies 4. Train communication partners 5. Monitor and adapt through data collection Providing services differs based on individual's age and cultural background, as well as linguistic background


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