Psychological Basis of Sexuality, week 1 notes
Psychological Basis of Sexuality, week 1 notes Psyc 474
Popular in Psychological Basis of Sexuality
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 474 at Northern Illinois University taught by Ellen Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see Psychological Basis of Sexuality in Psychlogy at Northern Illinois University.
Reviews for Psychological Basis of Sexuality, week 1 notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/24/16
Chapter 1 What is Human Sexuality? Human Sexuality: the study of sexual behaviors, identities and orientations in human beings. Human sexuality requires critical thinking. Critical thinkers must have open minds base their claims off of scientific evidence, rather than personal beliefs. Human sexuality is studied from many different viewpoints including biological (hormonal, anatomical, natural sex drives), anthropological (cultural), sociological (social sexual norms among groups of people), and psychological (behaviors, identities and beliefs of each individual). Perspectives of Sexuality Historical: the viewpoints of sexuality have changed throughout history. o Prehistoric: in the stone ages, sexuality was represented through cave drawings and sexuallooking artifacts. Gender roles were similar to today’s ‘traditional’ roles, as men were hunters and gathers and women stayed closer to home. In the ice age, men were mainly farmers and the penis was worshiped as became more aware of the male’s role in reproduction. The incest taboo, prohibiting people to marry or have sexual relations with family, was introduced. o Ancient Hebrews: During this time, sex within marriage was encouraged and reproduction was expected. It was socially acceptable for a man to divorce his wife if she was unable to reproduce. Wives were treated like slaves and could be stoned to death for committing adultery, while men only had to pay a fine for the same act. o Ancient Greeks: all people were considered bisexual. Samesex relations among men were okay as long as their behavior did not affect the family. Prostitution and xrated art also increased. Women were uneducated and treated like slaves. o Ancient Rome: bestiality (sex with animals) and sadism (gaining sexual satisfaction by hurting other) were common practices. Women were treated like property and new terms were introduced. o Early Christians: Sexuality was a sin. People were encouraged to stay celibate, or at least practice abstinence until marriage. Sex was only for procreation and people were considered selfish if they found sex satisfying. o Islam: premarital sex and adultery were shameful and could be punished by stoning. Men were allowed a maximum of four wives, while women could only have one husband. Men and women were not allowed to socialize together in public. Women were expected to cover their face and speak to no other man than their husband. o India: Sexual pleasure was a spiritual act. Sex acts were represented in art. o Victorian Era: Discussion of sex was considered improper. Sex was only for reproduction and to satisfy a husband’s cravings. They believed reproductive fluids were wasted by masturbation and ejaculation. Samesex behavior was indecent but prostitution rose. o Sexual Revolution/Gay activism: Movement during the 1960s where people deviated from previous sexual norms. The birth control pill was invented, giving women more sexual freedom with lower chance of pregnancy. Abortion was legalized, giving women the right to choose when they have children. The gay rights movement began, giving more equality to gay and bisexual people. Biological: The study of how genes and hormone affect sexuality and reproduction. Example: what the body physical goes through during arousal. Why women are more responsive than men could also be a question answer from this perspective. Evolutionary: How our sexual behavior is similar to some mammals because of evolution. Example: how our behaviors are compared to those of apes, what we find attractive in a mate. CrossSpecies: study of sexual behavior in nonhuman animals. This includes studying nonmammal animals such as insects, birds, reptiles, and fish. Sociological: how sexual behaviors are influenced by morals and current social norms. These behaviors and influences vary in different cultures. Example: most people do not practice incest because of the incest taboo. Psychological: Sexuality is influenced personally from personality, emotion, and motivation as well as other things. Different theorists have different perspectives on sexuality. For example: Freud believed that humans are sexual creatures from birth, men were superior, and women were jealous of men’s body parts. Others, such as Skinner believed that behavior is learned through observation. Feminist theory: Belief in gender equality for society. This could include equal division of labor, more women in government, and promoting androgyny (a combination of masculinity and femininity) rather than traditional gender expressions. Queer theory: Belief that not all humans fit into the gender binary, are cisgender, and heterosexual. Noncisgender people (people whose gender identity does not match their sex assigned at birth) can include people who are transgender, gender fluid (people with a fluctuating gender identity), genderqueer (people who do not identify as male or female), as well as many others. Non heterosexual people can include people who are homosexual (samesex attraction), bisexual (same and other sex attraction), as well as many others. Sexuality is a very broad topics and many of these perspectives are used today to define this subject.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'