Prejudice and Immigration
Prejudice and Immigration HSS 1120
Popular in Introduction to Diversity
Popular in Arts and Humanities
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Robyn Dixon on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSS 1120 at Southern Utah University taught by Dr. Kholoud Al-Qubbaj in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Diversity in Arts and Humanities at Southern Utah University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
PREIUDICE Preiudice Negative attitudefeelings towards a person or group of people Discrimination Behaviorsactions that deny certain rights or opportunitiesinequality Practiceaction Example of Preiudice Ethnophaulism 0 Ethnic slursnegative language 0 Ethnocentrismsuperiority Racial Pro ling 0 Any initiated action based on Race ethnicity or national origin rather than the behavioraction Selective Perceptions Limited Perceptions 0 Social marginality between cultures 0 Cultural Encapsulation will not interact with other cultures 0 Social Distance degree willing to interact with cultures Xenophobia 0 Fear of stereotyped culture Hate Crimes Law enacted in 1990 o A hate crime is when offenders choose a victim because of Race ethnicity national origin sexual orientation and disability Stereotypes Unreliable generalizations about the entire members of a group that does not take into account individual differences 0 Comes from a lot of sources ie Media SelfFul lling prophesy 0 In uence how we feelthink and believeexperience o Shapes how we relatecommunicate with others 0 Act based on stereotypes Social Distance Tendency to approach or withdraw Emory Borgardus39s Scale Measures social distanceprejudice in any social context Theories of Preiudice Four Interpretations ScapegoaUng Blaming others Authorita rianism Strict devotion to traditional values Superiority Conformity for the traditionalism Power and toughnessroughness Intolerance and aggressionbigotry to others of difference Exploitation Economically motivated Normative Cultural norms and values of a society Reducing Preiudice Prejudice can be reduced through 0 Education 0 Mass media 0 Intergroup contact 0 Workplace Diversity Training Programs 0 Within individuals Contact anothesis Intergroup contact between individuals of equal status quali cations working in harmonious circumstances will course them to be less prejudice Diversitv Training Prejudice carries a cost to be avoided by an organization Most organizations have initiated diversity training programs Diversity of the contents includes all diversity dimensions race ethnicity class gender sexual orientation etc Authoritarianism favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom Bogardus Scale scaling technique for measuring social distance usually applied to the study of ethnic relations social classes and social values Class a social stratum sharing basic economic political or cultural characteristics and having the same social position Contact Hypothesis the theory that when people who are in con ict are brought together the con ict will subside as they further understand each other Discrimination The treatment of consideration of or making a distinction in favor of or against a person or thing based on the group class or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit Diversitv Dimensions race ethnicity gender sexual orientation socioeconomic status age physical abilities religious beliefs or other ideologies Ethnicity a social group that shares a common and distinctive culture religion language etc Ethnocentrism the belief in the inherent superiority of one39s own ethnic group or culture Exploitation to use or utilization especially for pro t Gender either the male or female division of a species especially as differentiated by social and cultural roles and behavior Hate Crimes a crime usually violent motivated by prejudice or intolerance toward an individual39s national origin ethnicity color religion gender gender identity sexual orientation or disability lnGroup a group of people sharing similar interests and attitudes producing feelings of solidarity community and exclusivity Marginalitv marked by contact with disparate cultures and acquiring some but not all the traits or values common to any one of them Normative of or relating to a norm especially an assumed norm regarded as the standard of correctness in behavior speech writing etc OutGroup people outside one39s own group especially as considered to be inferior or alien a group perceived as other than one s own Perception apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind cognition understanding Preiudice an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge thought orreason Race a group of persons related by common descent or heredity Racial Pro ling the use of personal characteristics or behavior patterns to make generalization about a person and using these characteristics to determine whether a person may be engaged in illegal activity Scapegoat a person or group made to bear the blame for others or to suffer in their place Social Distance the extent to which individuals or groups are removed from or excluded from participating in one another39s lives Stereotypes a generalization usually exaggerated or oversimpli ed and often offensive that is used to describe or distinguish a group The SelfFul lling Pronhecv a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true due to positive feedback between belief and behavior IMMIGRATION Stereotypes Cause of social and economic problems 0 Unemployment 0 Drug runners o Terrorists 0 Live on welfare and cause a tax increase 0 Prostitution 0 Push and Pull causes of immigration 0 Economic Religious Freedoms Political persecution Social persecution Family Famine Educann o Wars OOOOOOO Characteristics of immigrations in the US 0 Chain migration sponsorship of some other immigrants who upon their arrival may sponsor other immigrants to adjust work Helps with adjustment 0 Number of immigrants had uctuated dramatically over time due to government policy changes 0 Settlement is centered in certain regions and cities in the US 0 Source country of origin of immigrants changes 0 Most immigration is mostly an in ux to the US rather than worldwide 0 Most immigrants seek the American Dream Foreign Born Citizens Make up 13 of the US population 0 6 states account for over 70 of the total Foreign born citizens 0 California New York Florida Texas NewJersey and Illinois 0 There is approximately 385 million Foreign Born people in the US Most from Latin America 0 Mexica 0 Central America 0 Europeans make up less than 6 Restrictions Xenophobia 0 Fear of strangers Nativism o Beliefs attitudes and policies favoring nativeborn citizens over immigrants Sinophobes 0 Fear of anything related to China 0 quotYellow Perilquot o Threat they posed as laborers Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 o Meant to curb the immigration of the Chinese and Asia populations Gentlemen39s Agreement1908 AntiJapanese National Origin System 0 19201965 Quotas 3 based on the percent of each Nationality 0 Preferred Northern and Western Europeans over Southern and Eastern Europeans o Assimilation o Meant to curb immigration from Southern Europe especially Italy and Greece Immigration and Naturalization Act 1965 0 Regulation of o Visas 0 Residency o Naturalization Visas 0 Types Educann Work Tourism Business 0 Must Clear background check Pay fees Residency 0 Reasons Employment Marriage Asylum To join family Lottery Can apply for residency and random winners are chosen from all over the world 0 Must Clear background check PhysicalBlood Exam Interview Fees Naturalization o The conferring of citizenship on a person after birth 0 Regulations Must be 18 years old Have been a continuous resident for 5 years c 3 years if spouse is a citizen Pass background check good moral character and no criminal history Have language and literary skills 0 Read and write in English Pass citizenship test Immigration 0 Brain Drain 0 Immigration of skilled workers professionals and technicians who are needed by native country H1B Visas 0 Permanent work permits to highly skilled lndia Pakistan Middle East Philippines Africa Russia China Refugees 0 People living in another country because of fear of politicalreligious persecution but go back when the conditions in their home county improve Asylees o Foreigners already in the US and seek protection because of fear of persecution Concerns 0 Population Growth Overpopulation o Transnationals Those with Dual citizenship Mixed status 0 Remittances Money citizens send to country of origin to help family Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986 o Amnesty granted to 17 million illegal immigrants who could document and prove long term residency Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Response Act 1996 0 Given no access to Social Security or Welfare 0 13 million illegal immigrants are already in the US by Federal Government Statistics 0 These immigrants have worldwide origins Migration a number or body of persons or animals migrating together Global Village the world especially considered as the home of all nations and peoples living interdependently Immigration to come to a country of which one is not a native usually for permanent residence Asylees people given asylum protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a political refugee Foreign Born lmmigrants often noncitizens but many are naturalized citizens of the country that they live in and others are citizens by descent typically through a parent Chain Immigration chains of foreign nationals who are allowed to immigrate citizens and lawful permanent residents are allowed to bring I their nonnuclear family members Brain Drain a loss of trained professional personal to another company nations etc that offers greater opportunity Department of Homeland Securitv the department of the US federal government charged with protecting US territory from terrorist attacks and providing a coordinated response to large scale emergencies Illegal Immigration the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Response Act of 1996 immigrants unlawfully present in the US for 180 days but less than 365 days must remain outside the US for 3 years unless they obtain a pardon If present for more than 365 days must remain outside the US for 10 years unless they obtain a waiver If the return without the pardon they may not apply for a waiver for 10 years Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965 abolished the National Origin System Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 employers required to attest to employee39s immigration status illegal to hire or recruit illegal immigrants knowingy legalized certain seasonaagricultural illegal immigrants and legalized illegal immigrants who enter the US before January 1 1982 and had been a continuous resident with the penalty of a ne back taxes due and an admission of guilt Must prove they are not guilty of any crimes were in the country before January 1 1982 and they possess minimal knowledge about the US history government and the English language National Origin Svstem a law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians Nativism the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants Naturalization to confer upon an alien the rights and privileges of a citizen Gentleman39s Agreement an agreement that although unenforceable at law is binding as a matter of personal honor Refugees a person who ees for refuge or safety especially to a foreign country as in time of political upheaval war etc Visa an endorsement made by an authorized representative of one country upon a passport issued by another permitting the passport holder entry into or transit through the country making the endorsement Residency the fact of living in a place Remittances the sending of money checks etc to a recipient at a distance Sinophobes a fear or dislike of China or Chinese people their language or culture Race a group of persons related by common descent or heredity Ethnicity a social group that shares a common and distinctive culture religion language etc Xenonhobia an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange Yellow Peril the alleged danger that Western civilizations and populations could be overwhelmed by numerically superior Asian peoples
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