Class Note for ECOL 406R at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
chmrz 11 30 Szpt 2003 EXHHCHOH Conservation Biology ECOL nook50m UYHVBPSHV of Arizona MM 2008 rTuex Seminar grumugk guhug Somme thpps Ugcom mg Rzadmgs Thur uz Camber in mock pp mam rnonnoa a Reid 2mm Tue m Camber DHka an ass Dada exsenot vmtnen m lawn Thur U9 Camber XXConaewotioneenet as W M 3 06mm Lab FrldayrSunday 17719 Octobzr tleoya 123D Fridayw2 Side ESEr2 um183Dh on Sunday Hmwm2r buttle fund plate cup utensilsv snacks 7 sunscreen clusermed snues layers poms b nus cun 2r7Jug IDVISA a Readings unCuurse Website Thad s my lm days Hi to submit your c amphw Ecalagy Fellowship application Apply by Wednesday osnber mm farm opportuitytorualre your campus abattar place whlle buldlngywur resurre N annual wildlire F ederuiorl s campus Esologyprograru awards fellowship grantsto indergradute and graduate suidertswbo are soruruittedtoreduae their campus Cuban roonnrt prn ens including gamma gas lnvm39anes aliruate action plans energy sonsemtion and ef uency habitat xeswnnm cm lmmg climate ration gatherings andruore Will be sonsdared Grant awards Up to sum nr Undngnduzle students Up to sum nr Graduate students Deadline cmhzr mm Nexinead Nuvenber ls 2m vistwww riwr mgfdlaws fax details about the campus Ecnlagy Fe vwshlp program Smcexely Threafs 1390 Biodiversify y Hablfaf Loss A 1 destructionfrugmentuvegeg dulion r Global lgq ggu ge Ere Ic fadion Im mswes Disease mlygh w mo nu bttpsustainabi1ityarizonaedu M 113 mp minus riamrrduannsbawamur nan him httpsnrarizonaedu a3W M 39 39Sm lulln anapur ul ul Miami an mm munIMAM quotTEAM mmy n an nannruinonnuhn l n in r r a39mb in nu Imurln J quotr iiTJiquot 39 M 2nd Innum u m nan innm a u i bn Ilursn n2 chber nirrmnmrranrnnu Q m in um Saguarito EEK park and Mabel 03 Recen y including yesterday evening the president and other government of cials have mmed of impending eeonornie erisis unless 700 billion ofyour tax dollars are quickly usedto purchase quottoxie debtquot Do you believe eonservation ofbiodiversity is best served by this 700 billion bailout best served by not spending your tax dollars on this bailout or best served by some altemative eeonornie solution Explain and justify Due by midnight Thurs 02 Oct as DOC attachment to MJ mycotagmailcom via email Note that this is your last opportunity to turn in a September Assignment See your syllabus for details Exfincfion Risk 4 Exiinci39ion Risk 3 step lo of BiWiivers y Rosenzweig 1 Endemics 2 Sink populations e 7 3 Siochusiiciiy Awniiil wma Ex i39i nc i39ion Risk Hoioiiii oi 2m Amphibians 1 Weiland Habi i a i 2 Terres i r ial Habi i a i wood frog Rana syVafica amp s po i ied salamander Ambysfuma Macyafar ii Exfinc rion Risk Extinct vs Extent Extinct in the Wild Ecologically Extinct Locally Extinct Extirputed Vulnerable Threatened ENDANGERED Demographic Consequences of Terms H39 Loss for PoolBreeding Amphibians Prcdi ng Eninclion Risks Associaled will Inadequale Size of Buffer Zones Ex i inc i ion Risk Hoioiiii oi 2m Clean Wafer ACT 1 Connected 2 Navigable Sia ie Laws and Buffers 30m in Massachuse i is Need 290m salamander or 1000m frog notpitit at am Modelling Extinction Risk All models are wrong some models are useful Data Life History Stages Life Tables Demographics Habitat needs Habitat quality Stochasticity eg hydroperiod notpitit at am Modelling Extinction Risk All models are wrong some models are useful Data s t Density St Carrying Capacity K Ecology study at distribution and abundance at organisms Natural History 5 notpitit at am Other ConsiderationsConclusions To maintain 95 probability over 20 years salamander populations need 100165m buffer liabitat size and less than 5 decrease in adult mortality habitat quality Frogs more reliant on immigration and habitat ulnaquot oi 2m Modelling Extinction Risk Why only model females Age of first reproduction Life span Clutch size Fecundity Model Robustness many iterations with different parameter values It notpitit at am Modelling Extinction Risk 20 years out uoiutinu to ulnaquot oi 2m Other ConsiderationsConclusions Metupopulutions ImmigrationExtinction Habitat Degradation vs Loss Need Habitat moonneetivity Longer liteespan relies on greater adult suryiyorsnip Ecoystem Complexity Links Paradigms In Conservation 1 Island Biogeography 2 Metapopulations 3 Habitat Heterogeneity 4 Disturbance 5 Genetic Diversity MVP PVA Small Populations 1 Island Biogeography Quammen Excerpt from Song of re Dodo p5255 Lyell Frogs vs Birds Wallace dispersal Darwin MacArfhur Oceanic vs Continental Wilson succession Size Age Distance equ il ibrium Islands especially Continental affected by Plate tectonics Climate glaciation drought can taunt Lilnil iiimmniniiiiaaiaivia amiiwiiiuimminiamnion am in in mini n z mL I m innnninmaninnxnniim n in iiinrn imiinunnmimaimmugr r mn alum annii iniiiiiminnnni nnniimn naiinin aiii lnnii iini r inrl ml Maw ina Main iniaiinnni m aiini Pun 1mm yuan um mum yuan sna imi an IM ya m l lml Evnnll Var v ai iiin Evans i iii 2 am i i iL am 5 2 ma mm a i 9 m i 2 is i uaa a i 42 yea i 2 a mam 77 5 mm in 5 10 m mm H i in 47m 5 z in mac n i imam i ii 70 VII2m i i am am an is in mine In Blllm ai a Biogeogruphic keulms Gondwunu awn ia ia NixVein mum x a Pangaea m ibiyegsul Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeogruphy uaai vaWe zuua ecu Numbuvulswln A Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography Habitat Fragmentation Reserve Design Predictions vs Observations Missing Factors Rescue Effect Habitat Suitability Sinkvs Source Habitat Heterogeneity Species Interactions 25 Adaptive Radiation m lwww ritIdulrhrshiSalapagsPagIsmukinghird Mml 39i I 1 X K i Iv lw u Galapago Humbold Wm qwijMimqusa odsn od ingiqSJWNnpaAM mmm mm 25 22 an 2 zuga a 2mm Pla re Tecfonics nof fully accepted until 19605 Alfred Wegener winfer 19121913 Crustal Plates moving 112 cm year 3 mm mm WaHace 15237 1913 lr inn Wallace39s Line v F a Weber39s Line Antquotdie plate Dispersal Ability 2Me1 apopua139ion Spatially disjunct groups of individuals with some demographic or genetic connectionquot largely independent yet interconnected by migrationquot 1 All local populations must be prone to extinction 2 Persistence of entire population requires recolonization of individual sites Juggling Bulls Oranges and lvlites 03000000 00000000 OOOQOOOO QOQOOO Dispersal Ability Isolation by Distance lvletapopulation bvsd Sour Ca in i 39 Ramireer Sink quot514 m Hydrothermal Vents Lowland Leopard Frogs thanks to Don Swunn u Dlsmbuuon of Lowland Leop ard Frogs m Rmcon Moummns 199672001 0 39 g 9 OH Metapopulation Dynamics 39 3 Habitat Hefer ogenei l39y Conserve Bigger Area Conserve More Diverse Habi ra rs na T M ammwTUnm 4 Dis fur bance V Endogenous Exogenous Habi ra r Heferogeneify and Dis rurbance Infermedia re Dis rurbance Hypo rhesis 39 successm r252 supercumpev urs i39 Climax Community vs Shifting Mosaic Tree Fall in Forest Fire Beaver Dam on Stream mm mm 4 muamwmx a m 56 10
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