HY 101, Week 1 Notes
HY 101, Week 1 Notes HY 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Daniel Riches in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Western Civ To 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Civilization Agriculture o Is needed to sustain a culture o Started around 8,000 B.C. o Domestic plants and animals o More complex communities needed and supported by agriculture o Prerequisite for a civilization but not the most important aspect 4 keys elements stated by Chester Star o Presence of firmly unified states Boundaries and boarders needed o Distinct social classes Not everyone has the same social status o Economical independence (interdependence) Division of labor o Conscience development of the arts Ancient Near East was the first to show all aspects of the 4 keys of civilization Ancient Near East Mesopotamia o Between the Tigris and the Euphrates River o Sumerians Circa 2000 B.C., Epic of Gilgamesh Marks by city, kings, and special economy No political unity o Akkadians King Sargon, circa 2334 – 2279 B.C. Brought political peace, largest ever Cultural uniformity After the death of King Sargon, the civilization fell apart o Babylonian Empire King Hammurabi, 1792 – 1750 B.C. Famous for law code After death, the empire dissolved City of Babylon was destroyed in 1600 B.C. Hittites o Asia Minor, present-day Turkey o Adapted many aspects from the civilization before Egypt o Nile River o Not a lot of contact with other civilization and cultures o Overriding theme of continuity Assyrian Empire o First group to unity the fertile crescent and Egypt together o Rose in the 1740s B.C. o High degree of centralization Professional army, sent own local officers to rule regions o People rose up to take back control, 1600 B.C. Differences between Mesopotamia and Egypt Mesopotamia had garden, and more conflict with other civilizations which led to more conflict o Led to a more military-centered leaderships Egypt had more security o Led to continuity o Led to a focus on culture rather than military Mesopotamia leaders o Warriors, fighters Egypt leaders o Administration, God-like, preserver Common Aspects between Mesopotamia and Egypt Monarchies Bureaucratic o Trained, literate officials, trained staff Union of religion and politics o Egyptian leaders considered to be the Gods, uniting religion and politics Social and cultural development o First cities o First writing around 3500 B.C. Pictograms first o Development of math, specially in Mesopotamia
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