Week 2 GOVT 2306.003 Notes - Includes Notes from Chapter 2 of Governing Texas and SI Session
Week 2 GOVT 2306.003 Notes - Includes Notes from Chapter 2 of Governing Texas and SI Session GOVT 2306.003
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin Bartlett on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306.003 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Brian Bearry in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 261 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in Political Science at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Government 2306.003 Professor Brian Bearry *Means Question on Exam Day 3 1. Texas Settlement and Creation of Culture a. A people are a part of their history and tradition i. Texas is a limited government state; they have a tendency to give power to the individuals of the state rather than the government b. Spain i. Spain first began to colonize in 1530 ii. The Catholic Proselytization happened around 1630 1. This was the conversion of local Mexican populations to that of Catholicism iii. First Texas European Settlement was in 1681 iv. Introduction of horses and the creation of warlike native tribes happened from 1681 to 1765 1. Comanche/Apache tribes began to move out of their lands because of the Westward expansion of Europeans v. Post 1788 was an era of an incompetent Spanish/Mexican administration 1. This was due to Spain losing interest in governing the region a. This was in part due to what was going on in France, the monarchy were concerned the French revolution would happen in their lands c. France i. French began to settlements were established in 1685 1. French settlements typically spread violence and disease ii. Spain begins to build forts in 1687 to stop the French from colonizing their territory iii. The French were driven out of the region by Spain in 1710 iv. French and the Louisiana Purchase 1. Much of this land was poor due to have bad maps of the land d. Europeans vied for power in the colonies i. The power struggle happened because they wanted resources and wanted to convert the local populations to Christian religions ii. Much of the colonization backfired because of the disease spread iii. Native American populations began to distrust the colonizers e. Clash of Cultures i. Authoritarian vs. Democratic power 1. This parallels the two movement thesis of the founding of the United States a. This is the idea that there have always been two opposing parties b. The two movement thesis continues to exist to this day i. There will always be two movements conflicting with one another ii. This political ideology has not changed, just the names 2. Texas has a Traditionalistic Individualistic culture 3. Authoritarian power a. Came from the Spanish tradition of Catholicism b. Happened because of a mixing of religion and the state 2 c. Relied on a monarchy as a form of government d. The monarchy of Catholicism is a very similar structure of government to that of Spain e. Citizens were used to being told what to do and were being directed by the Spanish government as well as Catholicism 4. Much of the immigration into Texas was Protestant a. Protestants is a more “free” religion, built from the ground up by the people and far less structured b. Protestant forms of church are much more similar to democracy 5. The Mexicans and Americans clash over religion and how the State/Region should be governed a. Texas was settled by people who weren’t wanted by the United States, this was similar to how Australia was settled 6. Texas is a largely rural state because of agriculture/oil a. This makes Texas a more conservative state b. Urban States are much more progressive Day 4 1. The United States and Political Violence a. Government control of people can silence the people i. This leads to an authoritarian style of government 3 ii. Without freedoms there is no free speech to present a dissenting opinion against the government b. The freedom of speech allows for discussions of the US, means the people are more free 2. Federalist #10 Discusses: a. This was used to address the newly freed people of the United States as a way of convincing them they should create a constitution and a unifying federal government b. Factions/Cause of Factions i. Factions are a group of people seeking control of the government to enforce their views upon everyone else under the government ii. People are typically defined by the types of groups that they spend time with iii. There will always be people that impose their views on others iv. People will have to accept that factions will exist 1. The disagreement can be channeled into positive government, things like compromise will exist if factions exist 2. This in turn means no one group will have absolute power over the government c. Taking away the rights of people i. To control a people, you have to take away their rights ii. Freedom of speech allows for people to criticize the government iii. Taking away rights of people will not work in the United States because people have a high value on their individual rights 4 d. Making everyone the same under the government i. To control a people, you can also make them all the same in various ways 1. Example of this is how the North Koreans have assimilated into the state by wearing the same clothing/having the same haircuts e. Freedom and that translating into their being some inequality f. Republicanism* i. As a basic definition it is a representative form of government ii. This is a cure for problems that are inherent in a free democracy 3. Federalist #51 Discusses: a. Separation of power i. Division of political power into 2 or more departments 1. The US has 3 to prevent the concentration of power in one department ii. In a free society we are “evil” people can take power, separation of powers prevents those people from having a lot of power b. Checks and Balances i. Exists to protect the individuals of a society ii. People need to be checked sometimes in the government because a majority can be unjust c. Independent Judiciary d. Republican People’s Check e. Constitutional Scheme creates checks on the government f. Limited government 5 i. Role is to protect the people’s rights and property SI Session 1 1. Political Culture a. Defined as the shared values and beliefs of a people b. Texas is structured in a manner that promotes the individual and family values i. Texas also values large businesses; the government has function but it is not as robust as some states c. Texas does not have a moralistic political culture i. A moralistic political culture could be defined as a welfare state that want’s to help the people ii. A moralistic political culture also promotes active participation in government d. Texas is a one party state, provincialism, and business dominance i. The one party state is traditionalistic; Texas has a history of solidly being for one party ii. Provincialism is referred to as a self interested people, this is individualistic iii. The business dominance is also an individualistic factor e. Lack of a focus on control i. Political institutions educate the people ii. People are shaped by this education 2. Texas Industry (Economy) a. Spindletop 1901 i. First time there was a large amount of oil in the United States, specifically Texas ii. This sparked the industrial revolution in Texas iii. There was a massive increase in personal transportation due to the amount of oil available b. Cotton 6 i. Relates to political culture through plantation culture 1. These people were considered the elite c. Cotton and Cattle were taken over by oil in Texas d. NAFTA i. Created jobs and was overall beneficial for Texas 3. Statistic of Demographics* 4. Terms to know* a. Moralistic political culture b. Individualistic political culture c. Traditionalistic political culture d. NAFTA e. Urbanization f. Impresario (Specifically Stephen F Austin) g. Poll Tax (Relates to the 24th Amendment) i. This is also part of traditionalistic political culture 5. Middle Eastern Immigrants Portion of Lecture a. Point was to highlight that Texas has a limited government b. There is also weakness by design in American governments 6. French Colonies a. Were defeated by violence 7. Clash of Cultures a. This happened due to the structure of the various governments and churches of the people, happened during 1800 – 1825 8. Chapter 2 is about the Texas constitutions a. Having two courts is separation of powers b. Constitutions of Texas were created and revised for various reasons i. A republican governor took power and the democrats had to forcefully remove him because he refused to leave 7 c. Texas Constituions was created out of the government having too much power d. The US Constitutions were created out of the government having too little power e. Timeline created in SI Chapter 2 Pages 39 - 54 1. The Texas Constitutions a. The Texas Constitution is the legal framework for which the State of Texas is supposed to govern b. There have been many amendments and constitutions in Texas c. Role of the State Constitution i. Created through 5 ideas 1. Political power is derived from the people 2. Separation of powers 3. Power is structured in a manner that promotes checks and balances that prevent sole control 4. Individual rights are given to the people 5. Federalism a. This is the distribution of power from the national government to the state government 8 d. Differences between the national and state constitutions i. Texas largely limits the power the government can have 1. For instance, things such as the Necessary and proper clause don’t exist ii. Lack of loopholes to give the government power iii. Constitution of Texas was drafted to limit the power of the government iv. This reflects the individualistic traditionalistic political culture of Texas e. First Texas Constitution i. Created during the founding of Texas as a state of Mexico, 1827 ii. Founded under the Mexican regime iii. This constitution outlined a unicameral government 1. One body of government iv. Reflected the Mexican government’s values such as authoritarianism f. Second Texas Constitution i. Texas broke from Mexico in 1836, when the declaration of independence from Mexico was signed ii. The new constitution would reflect democratic values through things like a bicameral form of government 1. Power was divided among the branches of government and officials were elected iii. Also allowed for slavery within the state g. Third Texas Constitution i. Texas joined the united states in 1845 ii. There was hesitation over their admission due to Texas being a slave state iii. The legislature was changed to be more similar to the united states government 9 1. There were variable amounts of representatives in the Texas Congress iv. Amending the constitution was difficult because it required a 2/3 majority of the house h. Fourth Texas Constitution i. Texas Seceded from the Union in 1861 to join the Confederacy ii. This constitution was similar to the 1845 constitution i. Fifth Texas Constitution i. The confederacy lost the civil war and join the union again in 1866 ii. Policies were changed to match reconstruction policies iii. The size of the government was still variable iv. The salaries of government officials were increased v. The state supreme court’s size was increased j. Sixth Texas Constitution i. Due to the government having too much power the power of the government was decreased drastically ii. This constitution declared the United Sates constitution the supreme law of the land iii. There was no longer a variable amount of representatives for the Texas government k. The Final Texas Constitution i. Created in 1876 ii. The final form of government would be overall limited iii. There was a limitation on the government’s ability to tax iv. This constitution was created under an agricultural state 10
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