Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Bonine and Gerst ECOL 406R506R Fall 2006 Conservation Biology 22 September 2006 Suggested Review Topics for First Exam 100 points on Thursday 28 September 2006 Please review your readings and lecture notes for material through 26 September 2006 Your exam will take place in two parts The rst will be a typical individual exam which should take you about 50 minutes The second part will be about 25 minutes in groups of four students on a short set of additional questions See your syllabus for grading details The following questions are not in chronological order if we didn t at least touch on it in lecture then I probably won t ask about it on the exam unless it is a major concept or idea from your assigned readings 1 What are the different ways to de ne biodiversity 2 Most species of multicellular organisms are thought to be if 3 If most species that ever existed are extinct why do we currently worry about extinction of species 4 How do you de ne species How do most biologists de ne species Are there problems with this de nition How are speciesarea relationships and the theory of island biogeography related Using a gure explain Rosenzweig s 3step loss of biodiversity De ne source and sink populations What do Costanza et al 1997 argue is the value of ecosystem services and natural capital Do you agree How does their value compare to estimates of global domestic product 9 How closely related are Brussels sprouts and broccoli 10 What is a common way to estimate alpha diversity How is this estimate incomplete or inaccurate 11 List four types of interactions among species that help determine species composition in a given area 12 Explain the components of the IPAT equation 13 What are the two most consistent predictors of changes in vegetative communities across the globe 14 Where is most biodiversity Is this a tricky question 15 De ne endemic 16 How might DDT malaria and ecoimperialism be linked 17 What is the biggest threat to ecosystems To individual species 18 Does wilderness equate to biodiversity 19 What does beta diversity allow you to say about the response of communities to changes across a gradient of say slope moisture temperature or disturbance 20 What kinds of species specialists or generalists do well in edgetype habitats 21 What concept does the tuatara illustrate How might this concept be employed from a management perspective 22 Distinguish among and provide examples of umbrella indicator and keystone species 23 Distinguish between the intent to comply and the capacity to comply in the context of international treaties related to biological diversity 24 How was the Ramsar Wetlands conventiontreaty of 1971 a shift in international approaches to conservation biology 25 In what industry is a turtleexcluder device used 26 What does the Kyoto Protocol attempt to change 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4s 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 Bonine and Gerst ECOL 406R506R Fall 2006 What lifestyle choices have the biggest effect on an individual s ecological footprint Why is the ecological footprint different for different countries even if you plug in the same values on the footprint website De ne Aldo Leopold s Land Ethic De ne NEPA EIS FONSI EA and HCP What do butter ies around San Francisco have to do with HCPs What are the four most important pieces of US environmental legislation from the 2quot01 half of the 20 11 century De ne the God Squad From what court case did the God Squad eventually arise How has the role of economic valuation changed in the ESA over the years De ne take in the conteXt of the ESA What is special about sections 4 7 and 10 of the ESA What government agency or agencies is are responsible for seeing that the ESA is adhered to In the world of ESA how are mitigation and Section 10 related How is the de nition of conservation in the ESA not really a de nition What are the implications of vague terms for the onset of litigation How are the SDCP and the ESA related What do you think are the most useful components of the SDCP The least useful How were the preferred reserve design maps generated by SDCP biologists Why did Aldo Leopold distinguish between the farm as foodfactory and the farm as a place to live Explain how conventional economics eXternalities and conservation biology are related What is meant by the precautionary principle How does intrinsic value shift the burden of proof in the conteXt of development as compared to instrumental value of biodiversity How does Callicott de ne bonuses in the conteXt of the rights of nature Explain and provide evidence for the evolution of rights from Ancient Greece to today De ne ethics as Leopold might have EXplain tragedy of the commons in terms of costs and bene ts to the individual How should each individual act given those costs and bene ts Why is this a tragedy Should conservation biologists use instrumental or intrinsic value arguments to defend their point of view What are the bene ts and pitfalls of using a willingnesstopay method of assessing the value of a natural resource EXplain what happened and what Leopold professes to have learned in Thinking Like a Mountain According to lecture what are the 5 problems addressed by conservation biologists Which of these is the most dif cult to solve Why Is conservation biology a crisis discipline What is a conservation easement If so how does this in uence the practice of conservation biology De ne what the term conservation biology means to you Are there other valid de nitions that you would accept Distinguish between objectivity and neutrality In Noss 1999 paper he discusses ethical advocacy What was he talking about and how is this a problem for conservation biology in practice What is the Madagascar Periwinkle Argument and why are many conservation biologists opposed to this line of argument How does religion t in with conservation biology What is Colter s Hell 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 Suerte Bonine and Gerst ECOL 406R506R Fall 2006 Highlight three differences between the idea of a romantictranscendentalist ethic and a resource conservation ethic What is the AB cleavage Does it persist today Who described himself as a poeticotrampogeologistbotanist and ornithologist etc etc HIVquot Why is Rachel Carson an important gure in the history of conservation biology Who is Michael Soule Why might the National Park idea that arose in the late 1800 s in the US not work in other countries or time periods Why did David Hall talk about the three components of Conservation Biology science policy management What has happened to lowland aquatic habitat in Arizona Why do you think that is the case What was the result of the difference between high gradient and low gradient streams for aquatic community ecology What were the mechanisms that led to the observed differences What did David Hall mean when he said that species assemblages are dynamic Why were nonnative Green Sun sh introduced How does conservation that focuses on one species potentially have negative impacts on a community of species What was David Hall s example What happens to Gila Chub that are put into highgradient streams There may be a few obvious exam questions that arise in lecture on Tues 26 September that are not covered on this list of questions Think about that during that lecture and while you study Which of the short presentations presented by your peers did you nd the most interesting How much does presentation style contribute to the information you take away from a presentation What are the important things to keep in mind when giving a presentation regardless of the exact subject matter What is the most exciting thing you have learned in this class thus far The most upsetting
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