Sports in American History 2125 Chpater 2 notes (red book)
Sports in American History 2125 Chpater 2 notes (red book) 2125
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christopher Maisonneuve on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2125 at Western Michigan University taught by Linda J. Borish, Jenifer L. Blouin, Patrick V. Hargis in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Sports in American History in History at Western Michigan University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Sport in America Chapter 2 (Red Book) The cultural Significance of Gambling Among the Gentry of Virginia Durand of Dauphine A French Huguenot Durand frequently took notes on what he saw in the Virginia colony He provided a first hand account of what happened in the late 17 th century Virginia What he witnessed was a culture of major gambling by the ‘Virginia Gentlemen’ Anything that they could bet on they would and did The gambling often took them well into the night o Sometimes even into the next morning Gentry culture – Included a lot of high stakes gambling in competitive games Mid 1680’s Rioting Constant political unrest Virginia Gentry began rising up against the establishment who had treated them unfairly Bacon’s Rebellion o Started in 1676 various factions within the gentry had decided to bring their differences with them to the battle field o Their plan was to unite against ‘interfering Royal Governing’ o During this time they began to patent the biggest lands for their tobacco plantations During this time the major work force thy used started to shifted to an African American one instead of a poor white indentured servants When the white indentured servants were the major workforce they often challenged authority and even rebelled a few times The African American workforce was much easier to control and less defiant Around his time the rebellions started to taper down and things became more peaceful Gambling among the great planters Many planters used gambling as a social structure to express their values They often put a big emphasis on personal independence Since their lands were so big to grow tobacco, many great planters lived isolated lives on their land o Being that there was not much civilizations around them 1 Some great planters even found a sense of honor in gambling o They often saw it as a way to beat their peers and become more respected o Nobody wanted to ‘slip down the ranks’ and become known as a “common planter” Another expect of Gentry Culture was materialism o While the Gentry’s were religious they saw social standing not by religion but the visible things they have acquired; land, slaves, building and even the quality of clothes he wore The Virginian’s were often described as people that are gentle, well dressed people who looked at people on the outside rather then their personality Hard life of a Virginia Planter Virginian's knew from very bitter experiences that the best plans do always follow through o Slaved would suddenly get sick and die o Tobacco price fell without any real warning o Cargo ships would sink o Storms and droughts would ruin a series of crops A man even told another Virginian to think twice before letting his son become a Virginia Planter A planters pass time As it was engrained in their culture planters very often gambled This included cards, billiards, backgammon, nine-pins, and dice as their favorite gambling games While there was luck involved in these game it certainly also took luck This provided for stimulated conversations and provided a harmless outlet of aggressive drives Although the planters got into it these gambling match were not as intense and had a civil form to them Horse racing among the gentry Horse racing was much more popular among the gentry Having a horse was used for social significance If you didn't have a horse you were ridiculed Even if you had a slow horse it was better then nothing A horse was an extension of the owner; better the horse, better the man The quarter-horse race was the most exciting race o Quarter mile all out horse race Because of sheer size of wagers many socially poor people couldn't participate 2 It was in many cases against the law for laborers to participate in a horse race In a lot of horse races the owner rode his horse Two types of bets happened on these races o Participates wagered on the outcome o Wagers between contestant and spectators with the side bets Virginian's Economy Many times planters would pay in Tobacco bills instead of schillings Gambling was a core element in Virginia Gaming relationships preserved class cohesion o These non-lethal competitive devices provided “joking relationships” Without a social cohesion horse racing would have fallen apart way earlier 3
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