×

### Let's log you in.

or

Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!

×

### Create a StudySoup account

#### Be part of our community, it's free to join!

or

##### By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

## Chapter 3 Notes

by: Haley Aleshire

27

0

3

# Chapter 3 Notes 1114

Haley Aleshire
UCM
GPA 2.68

### Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

×
Unlock Preview

### Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

## About this Document

Notes from class and lab
COURSE
Weather and Climate
PROF.
Dr. Werner
TYPE
Class Notes
PAGES
3
WORDS
KARMA
25 ?

## Popular in Foreign Language

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Aleshire on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1114 at University of Central Missouri taught by Dr. Werner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Weather and Climate in Foreign Language at University of Central Missouri.

×

## Reviews for Chapter 3 Notes

×

×

### What is Karma?

#### You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/24/16
1. Radiation a. Wave Properties i. Amplitude: height of wave ii. Wave Length: distance between waves iii. Electromagnetic spectrum 1. Short Wave a. Gamma, X-Ray, Ultraviolet (UV), Visible, near infrared (NIR) 2. Long Wave a. Infrared (IR), Microwave, Television, AM, VLF b. Shorter waves = more energy c. Electromagnetic wavelength -> Light d. Cinderblock walls are transparent to radio waves e. Our bodies are transparent to x-rays f. Windows are transparent to visible light 2. Laws a. Planck’s Law i. Describes how much energy is emitted by an object at every wavelength 1. Everything in universe above 0 Kelvins is going to emit radiation 2. Quality of radiation depends on temperature 3. Hotter object will peak at shorter wavelengths 4. Warmer objects emit more radiation 5. Sun Peak Wavelength = 0.5 mm (micrometers) b. Stefan-Boltzmann Law 3. Solar Radiation a. The Sun i. General Properties 1. Radius ~ 700,000 km (~ 100X Earth’s radius) 2. Mass ~ 330,000X Earth ii. Structure 1. Core: energy being produced (15 million degrees Celsius) 2. Nuclear fusion: fuels cure 3. Photosphere: Skin of sun a. Sunspots: affect amount of radiation sun emits b. Energy Received by Earth i. About 1357 watts/square meter ii. Solar Constant c. Earth – Sun Radiation i. Earth’s Orbit 1. Earth goes around sun every 365.4 days 2. Elliptical pattern, not circular 3. Closest to sun, called Perihelion on January 4 th 4. Farthes from sun, called Aphelion on July 4 5. 91-94 million miles away from Sun (average) 6. Geometric plane – Plan of the ecliptic as orbits around earth ii. Earth – Sun Relation 1. Important Latitudes a. Declination / Sub-solar point b. Tropics i. Cancer: 23.5 degrees North (June Solstice declination ii. Capricorn: 23.5 Degree South (December Solstice declination) c. Circles i. Artic 1. 66.5 Degrees North (Dark 24 hours in December and light 24 hours in June) ii. Antarctic 1. 66.5 Degrees South (Dark for 24 hours in June and light for 24 hours in December) 2. Beam Spreading 3. Day length a. Varies through both time and location iii. Earth’s Rotation 1. Earth rotates on axis a. ONE revolution of axis every 24 hours 2. This gives us days/nights 3. Axis is tilted ~ 23.5 degrees relative to plane of elliptic iv. Earth’s Orientation 1. North Pole points to same spot all year long 2. Why do we have seasons? a. Constant orientation revolution i. North Pole tilted toward sun ii. North Pole tilted away from sun 1. This causes seasons iii. Solar Noon: When sun is at highest point in sky iv. Equator numbers start becoming negative when south v. Latitude 1. Angular measure (distance) North or south on Earth 2. Origin: Point where measure from (equator) a. Polar: North/South pole: High Latitude b. Tropical: Equator: Low Latitude c. 30-60 degrees: Middle latitude vi. Longitude 1. Angular measure East or West on Earth 4. How Latitude affects Climate a. Declination: latitude of overhead sun (sub-solar point) b. Latitude affects angle of suns highest point c. Highest point varies by place on Earth i. Angle Z: Zenith Angle ii. Angle A: Solar Angle iii. Z+A= 90 degrees 5. Influence of Atmosphere on Insolation a. Insolation – incoming solar radiation i. Clear Sky 1. Scattering (i.e. when you put your hand in front of water hose, water scatters) a. Known as Rayleigh Scattering i. Scattering is proportional wavelengths ii. Shorter wavelengths are more scattered iii. Blue scatters more than red iv. Reason why sky is blue 2. Mid-size scatterers a. Diameters ~ 0.1 – 10 wavelengths b. Called “Mie” Scattering c. On hazy day, colors can be mute 3. Large Scatterers a. Diameters (>10 wavelengths) b. Water droplets c. Geometric optics ii. Absorption 1. Atmosphere can absorb radiation a. O-zone absorbs UV iii. Transmission 1. Energy can be transmitted to the surface

×

×

### BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.

×

### You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

## Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

#### "I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

#### "I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

#### "There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

#### "It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!
×

### Refund Policy

#### STUDYSOUP CANCELLATION POLICY

All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email support@studysoup.com

#### STUDYSOUP REFUND POLICY

StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here: support@studysoup.com

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to support@studysoup.com

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.