DHD 201 Disability Rights and Culture
DHD 201 Disability Rights and Culture DHD 201 Disability Rights and Culture
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to DHD 201 Disability Rights and Culture at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Aly Patsavas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Disability Rights And Culture in Culture at University of Illinois at Chicago.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim DHD 201 Disability Rights and Culture Week Two Notes Studying Disability and the History of Medicalization Scientific and Medical Authority From 18th through early 20th century science advanced and professionalized Became a professional source of knowledge Gained unprecedented authority 19th and 20th century medical advances Added to and helped to create medicine as ultimate authority over the body and mind In place of religion Disability Medicine and Belief Disability began to be seen as something that could be scientifically identified explained and conquered Leading to series of beliefs Medicine could find the cause of disability Medicine could now or in the future cure disability Medicine could prevent disability Medicine should prevent disability Applied Fields and Disability As the scientific inquiry into disability progressed other fields emerged Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim Rehabilitation Sciences Special Education Physical Therapy Occupational Therapy Psychiatry Psychology Behavior Sciences and varying specialties within the practice of medicine itself Medicalization as Explanation These applied fields share an intellectual history Disability is best understood as a problem dysfunction or pathology Medical knowledge explains this problem Diagnosis Disability can be solved or treated primarily through this knowledge Explanation used as the basis for interventions What s Wrong with You Ways for individuals to come up with a diagnosis to be able to process what is different between you and them Other examples Doctor s Evaluation School The diagnosis that the doctor provides gives teachers information Information is used to then guide the interventions provided in school Disability Studies Linton lays out a field of study Disability Studies and identifies ways in which DS is different from other fields and approaches to disability She argues disability studies is the sociopoliticalcultural examination of disability VS Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim Interventionist approaches What does she mean by this Disability is not viewed as a problem that needs to be fixed Summary of Problems with Approaches Disability Individualize Disability Disability as only a Problem Absence of Agency of Disabled People Objectification Essentialist Explanations of Disability Medicalization of Disability explaining disability through knowledge Interventions on Individual Level Personfixingquot vs contextchanging You re wheelchair bound here s medication to fix that Vs Let s talk about your family life things making you depressed Disabled people are not involved in the teaching of disability but rather they are objectified They are the objects of study Making it not as complicated as it may seem more simple Disability confined to Applied Fields of study Little attention to what Disabled People want Disability Marginalized in Humanities fields Disabled People not treated as a Minority group Missing Arguments for Why Disabled People should be included Epistemology of Inclusion Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim Disability belongs to Disability Studies medicine science It does not below in other fields art etc A whole group of people with disabilities exist Rather have the environment fit the needs of the disabled group as opposed to changing the environment to fit just the individual Important Points Linton is not saying medicine is bad or applied fields are bad She is saying that the study of disability has been dominated by these beliefs Leaving little room for other ways of thinking about disability As a political group as a cultural group as a minority group etc Problem because Individualizes disability Treat it as only a problem Create individual interventions Treat disabled people as objects of study rather than subjects What s the difference between being an object of study versus being an active subject When you objectify something you are not taking into consideration their its feelings Active subject you are taking into consideration their its thoughts feelings etc Important Points cont Linton calls for the development of Disability Studies as a distinct field because the focus of study is different Exploring disability as an experience framed by social cultural political environmental historical and economic contexts and factors Goals different Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim Intervene in the individual vs intervene in the context Examples of these Different Approaches Individual Intervention Contextual or Environmental Intervention Medical knowledge about disability makes sense in the clinic Two problems Medicalized ways of seeing disability exist beyond the clinic as the dominate frame of understanding disability in most contexts Medicalized ways of seeing disability become the only way of making sense of disability experiences I want my doctor to treat me as an individual to see my disability as something that impacts me as an individual I want the university to see disability as something that should be addressed beyond the individual level Disabled people as a group that should be encouraged to participate in campus life Medical Model When we understand disability through the medical model we See disability as only a medical problem to be solved See medical professionals as the authority over all things related to not only the disability but the disabled person because all things in their life are tied to their disability Medicalization as disability studies scholars and activists use the term Is the act of reducing someone down to their medical diagnosis and treating them as a medical problem Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim Their diagnosis is the most dominant part of their life The management of their life is left to medical authorities The diagnosis provides an explanation for said individuals actions crime competence etc Views problems that disabled people face as a result of their impairments For instance if someone with a disability is having trouble getting around the city it is automatically because of their impairment Of course they can t get around the city they have a mobility impairment or they are blindquot Who Medicalizes Psychiatrists friends parents teachers government coaches the workforce bosses fellow employees How might medicalization effect ability to claim rights Someone who is labeled unfit it is the physician who labels them unfit to make that decision Linton s Argument DS can help benefit applied fields Doctors will be better practitioners when they see disabled people as people whose experiences are shaped by more than just their diagnosis Also and more importantly that there are other ways of knowing disability beyond this application of knowledge for intervention purposes Disability Studies Seeks to cultivate these other ways of knowing disability To study How attitudes about disability impact opportunities of disabled people Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim How moving in the world with a disability creates a particular experience those experiences can create new knowledge Key Points Critiquing Medicalization is not a critique of the whole of medicine Critique of how a particular way of thinking about disability as a medical problem becomes the dominant way of seeing disability Critique of the fact that medicalization sees disability as only a medical problem DS invites us to view disability a different way As an experience shaped by culture policy environment social relations economic opportunities politics and history As an experience that can be more than de cit provide something generative enriching interesting important Your job as students in this class To understand this alternative way of thinking about disability You do not have to agree with it think it is the best or only way to view disability You have to understand it Analyze it in relation to other approaches to disability Aly Patsavas CoInstructor Hailee Gibbons TA Randa Abdelrahim
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