Introduction to Ethics- Week 1 Notes (in class & textbook)
Introduction to Ethics- Week 1 Notes (in class & textbook) PHIL 160
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Hansel on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 160 at Kansas taught by Dorsey, Dale in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Kansas.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Introduction to Ethics Philosophy is thinking about thinking 0 Philosophy quotphilaquot love Sophia wisdom What is Philosophy 0 Taking the interest of one s experience 0 Systematic and critical investigation of our own processes and practices of reasoning o Analyze and construct an argument containing evidence 0 Work within the domain of ideas aka the mind What are the 4 main branches of Philosophy 0 Logic 0 Science of argumentation consists in a generalized set of rules and procedures that form a total system that can be used to determine the logical relations between statements 0 Study the reasoning process and determine which are better or worse arguments Rationally defensible ex the earth is at which is obviously incorrect due to scienti c evidence making it a worse argument Sound reasoning better arguments Epistemology o The study of knowledge and beliefformation 0 They ask questions about what justi es a belief In what does knowledge consist What is knowledge How can we know and what are the limits of human knowledge Metaphysics o The study of rst causes Concerns the fundamental nature of being and ask question like 0 Why is there something rather than nothing 0 What does it mean to be a self o Is time real or an illusion What is causation We live in a world that is cause and effect Ex drop a pencilgt it falls to the ground Borders on theology What causes the universe to exist ValueTheory o Aesthetics The study of art pleasure and beauty Questions What makes something beautiful Why does art matter Or does it What makes something an artwork rather than simply another object in the world Does it do something to help us come together from different genders or backgrounds ect 0 Social and Political Philosophy The study of how to best arrange our collective life both at the level of publicpolitical institutions and privatefamiliar 0 Ethics How is it okay for the government to have so much power What rights do citizens have in relation to the state What justi es coercive state Systematic endeavor to understand moral concepts and justify moral principles and theories How things would be in an ideal world Theory and practice Abstract speculations What is right and what is the right thing to do How to move it into your everyday life not just a theory Questions How should I live my life What is the nature of the good and how will we know it What is the nature between morality and religion Is it in our interest to be moral Which comes rst the State or your family Reading On the syllabus 2 readings Introduction and a Play
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