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Sociological Theory-Introduction and Background to Sociological Theory and Organizing Theoretical Perspectives

by: Aubriana Romero-Knell

Sociological Theory-Introduction and Background to Sociological Theory and Organizing Theoretical Perspectives Soc 371 007

Marketplace > University of New Mexico > Sociology > Soc 371 007 > Sociological Theory Introduction and Background to Sociological Theory and Organizing Theoretical Perspectives
Aubriana Romero-Knell
GPA 3.7
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Sociological Theory
Niame Adele

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About this Document

These notes cover the first week of Sociological Theory
Sociological Theory
Niame Adele
Class Notes
sociology, sociological theory




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aubriana Romero-Knell on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 371 007 at University of New Mexico taught by Niame Adele in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 01/24/16
Aubriana KneIIUniversity of New Mexico Sociological TheorySOC371 Spring 2016 January 19th22nd 2016 Introduction and Background to Sociological Theory The Importance of Theory gt Humans are causally oriented 0 We seek to find what causes things logically going from the effect to recognizing a cause gt Experience stands as a major source of interpreting the world gt We use instruments to learn about the world around us 0 Our body is our main tool to observe our world gt We can t always know the cause of things so we imagine things 0 Every time you speculate you are looking for causality I We often use science to find causality I Some people believe in science but it is not a belief system it is a methodology Dr Niame Adele 0 Social science uses tools like surveys interviews observations and data gathering on demographics gt Classical theorists aren t necessarily scientific about testing their hypotheses 0 Through their writings we saw them working through a thought process we read their thought processes I Marx wasn t scientific at all Once he sent out 5000 surveys in Paris and received no responses because his questions were nonsense double barreled biased I Durkheim set out to be scientific and gathered data Theoretical Paradigms Paradigm a pattern of something gt Theory large collection of related phenomena that relates them together to explain each other 0 Specific to the discipline biology theories psychology theories sociological theories 0 They frame observable phenomena gt Theorists try to create a Grand Theory that wants to organize and arrange concepts over understanding the social world 0 Sociology is not like physics there are no laws in sociology gt Karl Marx 0 Structural model of social relations 0 Believes the economy gives people resources and produces the Haves and the HaveNots or classes I These different groups have different needs and interests so con ict arises gt Emile Durkheim 0 Structural model but a focus on cohesion of classes through stability Aubriana KneIIUniversity of New Mexico Sociological TheorySOC371 Spring 2016 January 19th22nd 2016 0 Structural functionalism gt Max Weber 0 People give meaning to social creations 0 While Marx believed in the tribe and Durkheim acknowledged psychology but not its contribution to sociology Weber believed that individuals make up society and society creates culture 0 Interpretivist Organizing Theoretical Perspectives gt 2 dimensions for categorizing social theory 0 Individual lt gt collective I Individualmicro level social psychology how people are individually in uenced by immediate reactions I Collective macro level structural in uences like social class religion and culture I Examplewe each belong to an economic class collective but many interpret that differently in our respective groups individual 0 Rational lt gt nonrational I Rationallogical ordering and calculationlike bureaucraciesimpersonal relations based on costbenefit analysis I Nonrationalnot the same as irrational and does not imply insanity It s life issues that are not a matter of calculation like art music feeling and romance I Examplework environment creates work culture friendly v stoic non rational but is hierarchal by nature boss v employee rational Primary and Secondary Sources gt Primary sourceswritten by the scholar in their own reasoning style They build their argument gt Secondary sourcesbeen modified by scholars who study original works 0 ExampleMarx s Alienated Laborur has been conveniently organized so we can see the steps of alienation in capital labor The Shift from Traditional to Modern What organizes premodern life gt Religion the politics of the timetheocracy in the form of the western church gt Economics those who control land control resources gt Technology simple gt Nature people were at its mercy What orders modern life which began in the 1600s Aubriana KneIIUniversity of New Mexico Sociological TheorySOC371 Spring 2016 January 19th22nd 2016 gt Religion sciencegtreligion when it came to knowledge Religion became a matter of culture rather than a way of life gt Economics capitalist economy which shifted the society from surviving to profiting gt Technology enables shift from farming to manufacturing and service gt Nature much less of an impact on society now more of an inconvenience 0 Science has become greater than religion to us in the way of getting answers


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