Introduction to Sociology, Week #2 Notes
Introduction to Sociology, Week #2 Notes SO 1003
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Liyah Notetaker on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by David Evans in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Aliyah Alexander Intro to Sociology 11916 The Sociological Imagination I Sociology and The Sociological Perspective II The Sociological Imagination III What Is A Social Institution IV Origins of Sociology V Classical Sociological Theory VI American Sociology VII Modern Sociological Theories VIII Macrosociology amp Microsociology I Sociology systemic study of human society Society a group of people who share a culture and territory The Sociological Perspective understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context 0 Thinking Like a Sociologist 0 Making the Familiar Strange or Seeing the Strange in the Familiar 0 Seeing the General in Public The Sociological Perspective Helps us assess the truth of common sense Helps us see the opportunities and constraints in our lives Empowers us to be active participants in our society Helps us live in a diverse world Lecture Notes When we get out in society we began to be in different groups Groups in uence society Groups are things such as family school social etc These groups make up society Sociology is concerned with looking at patterns among groups of people When we do research we have different characteristics Society has a system of government set up Sociology is related to disciplines Disciplines study human behavior 0 Psychology 0 Anthropology 0 Criminology 0 Biology 0 Economics 12116 II C Wright Mills Sociological Imagination the ability to connect the most basic intimate aspects of an individual s life to seemingly impersonal and remote historical facts 0 Linking Personal Problems Into Public Issues 0 The Great Depression Emile Durkheim Suicide 1897 0 Men Protestants Wealthy and Unmarried have higher suicide rates than women Catholics and Jews Poor and Married 0 Social Integration the degree to which people are tied to their social groups 0 Connection between history and biography 0 History broad steam of events that societies are located in 0 Biography personal experiences within specific historical settings III What is a Social Institution Social Institution a complex group of interdependent positions that together perform a social role and reproduce themselves over time 0 Economy family political systems religion education health care law science military mass media etc IV Origins of Sociology The Discipline of Sociology is the result of a number of changes in society during the 1700s and 1800s Major Changes in Society 1 A shift from agriculture and small manufacturing to industrial factory production 2 Political change 3 The Growth of the Cities 4 Imperialism 5 The Scientific Method Scientific Method the use of objective systemic observations to test theories The Sociology of Sociology Founding Fathers August Come 17981857 1 Theological Stage 2 Metaphysical Stage 3 Scientific Stage Positivism applying the scientific method to the social world Harriet Martineau Morals society s collective ideas of prescribed and proscribed behavior Manners patterns of action and association in a society Anomalies contradictions between society s declared morals and its habituated manners Herbert 18201903 0 Survival of the Fittest 0 Social Darwinism VI Karl Marx 0 Class Con ict con ict between social classes in society 0 Social Classes 1 Bourgeoisie capitalist owned the means of production money land factories machines 2 Proletariat workers To Be Continued
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