CJC 230 Introduction to Policing Week:1/18/16-1/22/16
CJC 230 Introduction to Policing Week:1/18/16-1/22/16 CJC 230
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Oracheff on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJC 230 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Lytle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Intro to Policing in Criminal Justice at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Introduction to Police Week 1181612216 12016 Policegatekeepers of the system How are police involved in political system They are elected officials Crime is hot in different political issuescampaigns Politics often leads to corruption Problemoriented Policing created in 1979 Herman Goldstein More popular in mid90s Changes the way police should approach policing Instead of focusing on crime police should focus on problems Very effective in crime reduction and longer lasting effect Focus on the disease rather than the symptoms Displacement put ice in water and water rises send crime down in one area and it pops up in another area Communityoriented Policing Having the citizens and the police work in partnership to solve crime issues Police should work closely with community residents Police should be decentralized Zero Tolerance Policing Strict enforcement Close to the broken window s theory Tends to be discriminatory Denial of due process Chapter 2 Officers today are very different than officers were when the police first came about Carried no weapon Didn t wear a uniform No radio No car No training Lundman 3 stages of police development 1 Informal stage avocational Everyone polices themselves within society No one is declared as police Society has to be very small because everyone needs to able to agree on rules and enforce them 2 Transition avocational More organized than informal No formal police but there are volunteers that take more of the policing responsibility Operate part time 3 Formal vocational Policing becomes recognized as an occupation Under the control of the government What causes shifts to each one of the police development stages 1 Social organization There are two different types of societies I Mechanical primitive no need for police preindustrious I Organic complex a lot of interconnectedness industrious 2 Elite interests the need for police develops because of this elites use the law to their benefits use police 3 Perceptions of crime and disorder Nobody wants to deal with the problems so they want to pay someone else to deal with it Once you establish rules you have people that want to break the rules because it is to their disadvantage 3 things that are consistent between what we adopted from the police system and how England did it 1 Tradition of limited authority 2 Local control The vast majority of our 17000 police organizations are administered at a local level 3 Highly decentralized No one governing body Police didn t have authority in anotherjurisdiction if they were already in one Robert Peel Father of modern police Wrote the law that made the London metropolitan police I Had authority outside of the core of London because rich people didn t want people controlling them I Mission was crime prevention with random patrol 12216 Discussion Board Due on January 29 950 London Metropolitan police 0 Blue was chosen as uniform color so that they wouldn t be mistaken for military 0 Hat can hold the weight of a grown man because it was used as a step stool for looking over fences Stop gaps for police 1 The Watch Group of voluntary people and mostly looked for fires Look and try and act as peacekeepers 2 The Sheriff More than just a police entity More of a political position Collected taxes Built bridges Run jails Highly corrupt 3 Constable The enforcement arm for magistrates 4 Slave patrol To catch runaway slaves Guard against slave riotsrevolts n 1830s1840s United States experienced many riots Clashes between ethnic groups Becomes too intolerable 1844NYPD was createdthe day and night shift police Slow to adopt formal police People were afraid that it would become a political army and they were kind of right Only white men could be officers Officers were hired based on who you knew NYPD and Bobbies 0 Was focused on crime prevention 0 Used strategy of visible patrol 0 They had that Quasimilitary structure Development of police 1 Political Era1830s1840s 1930s Corruption Police personnelY chromosome Women were allowed to be jail moms to inmates no sworn officers Men had to be able to pay the Tammany Hall 300 to be a cop No formal training and no radio Badge hat and baton Did whatever they wanted during their shift no supervision Guns were the first type of training they had Officers had zero job security but typical pay was about 900 double of what other jobs paved Not what you know it s who you know Patrol was main responsibility only on foot no backup Early callboxes were easily sabotaged and broken 2 ProgressiveProfessionalReform Era 1930s1960s1970s Reform 3 Community Era 1970sCurrent If we integrate with the citizens we can have a better police force Still do not want corruption A lot less corrupted than the political era
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