Note 9 for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Note 9 for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 09 la Sept 2006 cm SDCP Cunservallun Eluluuv ecotvuonisuon Unielle mAllzuna Legal Foundations Fall 2006 SDCP Kavln aunine i Kalhv Geisl I Lab nis Friday ineet S side ESE 1271 230 un 22 Sept return 24 Sept see wepsite rur lap readings 6mm and Jeve w 1572 Vellowstorie NP 1591 Forest Reserve Act 1915 NPS 1964 Wilderness Act 1965 Land and Water Conservation Fund Act racqu39re lands use resource revenues 19691970 NEPA E15 411 ink about environment up front 1970 clean Air Act 1972 clean Water Act 1973 ESA soecies focus endangered threatened critical habimt recovery plan 1980 Superfund 1995 Brown elds H uusekeeplng la Septein per ZUEIE 0pcuining Readings tuuay Textcn 2 ESA NEPA SDCP unwebslte Tnurs 21 Sept See wepsite David Hall guest Tues 26 Sept Textcn 5 Tnurs 28 Sept Exam 1 Snurt ural presentatiuns la Sept Grant Rugers and Jeremy Daniel 21 Sept Tara Luckau and Allisun Sucnanan 2S Sethacklyn Hendricksun amp Larissa Gmnenberg 28 Sept Exam 1 3 is the endangered species act ESAtne correct approach for us conservation efforts Why orwhy not DR Why is biodiversity important How would you defend any one species to a non conservationist due 19 Sept superstar nmrre farm Include lm39s vuu armorrs ac Successful Laws rIanirational and radical rGrowlh in 39n uence Science and Monitoring Does law Create Social values Litigation eg polluters liable citizen involvement NGOs public comment transparency EDF 1968 people have right to clean environment 1978 TVA vs Hill Snail darter God Squad economic impact vs habitat Endangered Species Committee National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 NEPA Requires that all Federal Agencies prepare detailed environmental impactstatements for every recommendation or report on proposals for legislation and other major Federal actions that signi cantly affect the quality of the human environmentquot Federal Hook or Nexus land funds permits 39 Can you identify your classmates Conservation Easements remove development rights gt value decreases so less in taxes reversible The Story of NEPA through the eyes ofDave Prival Brooke Gebow and Cori Dolnn March 2004 man and nature can exist in productive harmony National Environmental Policy Act 1969 13 Under NEPA ifa government agency is Envlronmental planning to do something that will act signi cantly affect the quality of the environment that agency has to write atement an National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 NEPA NEPA NEPA l 1 ll NEPA Environmental Assessment EA FONSI Environmental Impact Statement EIS An EIS includes Project goals and objectives Resources that might be affected Alternative ways to try to achieve the goals Envtronmental impacts that are likely to occur under each alternative The public gets to review the EIS and make comments Potential mitigation The agency has to take these comments into account before deciding upon an alternative Summary The EIS is supposedto help agencies decide how they can achieve their goals taking all environmental impacts into account with input from the people who are going to be affected the public EIS drawbacks The EIS is supposedto help agencies decide how they can achieve their goals taking all environmental impacts into account with input from the people who are going to be affected the public Pre Endangered Species Act of 1973 Legislation Lacey Act 1900 Authorized Federal enforcement of state wildlife laws and based on Federal power to regulate interstate commerce Committee on Rare and Endangered wi39ldli39re Species 1964 consists of9 biologist published thefirst Redbookquot first Federal listof fish and wildlife considered threatened with extinction Q N39EPA 3 Pages EIS l75pages The endangered species program E5 nttp MNva tws govendangered Taking shoot Shovel shut Up Led m Habitat Conservation Planning HCP Incidenml Take Permits eg SDCP with mitigation San Bruno Mtns anegotiate compromise all parties involved No Surprisesquot Nat m MOAS lrldude and at ta Safe Harbor Agreements Sian EMDWVS n Pre Endangered Species Act of 1973 Legislation Lacey Act e 19 Commee on Rate and Emaiun Wildlife Species 1954 1955 Emaiun Species Piesth Ade F meml admins nus conserve habitats of native vertaniate snacles39nund hy the Secraaiy atthe lnteuiirtii he in danger of Extinuiiin to the extmt Prz lcmle and Ennslslmlquot with the rrimziy rurriises atthe Fedeial admues pm mumm Sunnis Art mm Endlngem Ensues Art M1911 Luautinquot Alisided mm wmuwwnm mam mam mus smComMin mm Damian immimd mm mm mmnn 9 mnenim Laney mannninnsn W3Mememmmnegnyim quotm B mg mm r m an Wm Dem i qem mum ma Mew Psm SuiI unnmnus39y insen swim sacraamu mm m Nnusenvemdmngly Senathreaemdwthmridwm mammamwwmm mews SignmimnInwnnnmemul iwn Dammm he swam min i mm m 54m Seuaor hafpmduasimo he Us W3 mumm Sunnis Art M1911 Anemia Mm minim smma unmmnmm mas Ininw zdmlnslered hy Secreiznus irri rrutemdspecieslu ingl quot nllnle nrznd Cnmmemeir39sn and seaims mnchnsmm Mldl e Service and Nzlinnzl Marine mime conventimmhsmes Fisheries Service saw inmgnmycwmim seaw mmmicmmim Mm mmemiomnnmnnim senims humanism seaimin swim Amended manylimvs SeaimM Vemmesznderivcemerl a smmiz mnwm mg g Section 4 ESA Lining Spain Purlumno the Endmgered Species An of Thanks 0 1971A Amended Paul Barren and Sherry Hanen E 5 Listing Factors 1 The present or threatened destruction modification or curtailment of its habitt or range 2 averutilization rorcommercial recreational scientific or educational purposes 3 Disease or predation 4 The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms 5 Other naturll or mlnmnde 39lctors affecting its continued existence 1 Section 10 ESA Exceptions 10a1A Recovery Permits 10a1B HCP Mount Graham Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis Listed as endangered in 1981 Section 7 ESA Interagency cooperation Recovery Planning 7 4 Mount Graham Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis Revised Mount Graham Red Squirrel ramiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis Recovery Plan rTechnicII Sublulm Squirre biologists Silviculturalist lire Ecologist lorest health specialist tonservation biologists lgtopulation biologists Entom ologists Revised Mount Graham Red Squirrel ramiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis Recovery Plan almplumcnution Subtum lorest Service AGFD Local Governments steward Observatory Local interests tsummemomeussoaaronst Nongovemmental Organizations Native American Tribes Mount Graham Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis Restrictrdt SpnlcEFir Tnnsition Mixed Caniler Above 8000 ft The endangered species program http WWW tws govendangered ESA Taking shoot Shovel shut Up Led m Habitat Conservation Planning HCP Incidenml Take Permits eg SDCP with mitigation San Bruno Mtns anegotiate compromise all parties involved No Surprisesquot NEG m MOAS include and an e Safe Harbor Agreements Suave lamuwvs 3 westem snowy plover International Conservation Laws and Treaties Implementation Compliance Effectiveness Fewer people and larger industry easier Intent and Capacity to comply incentives vs coercion The U 5 Fish and Wlldllfe Seryiee nas eornpleted afmal rule designaung 32 units ofcnucal nabitat along the eoast of Callfomla oregon and Washington for the Paeifie eoast populauon othe western snowy ployer aFederally tlnreatened speeies Tne entieal nabitat units total 12145 aeres nearly 40 per eent less aereage than an earlier entieal nabitat plan the Seryiee adoptedin 1999 Ofthe designatedunits 24 are in Callfomla 7472 aeres ve are in oregon 2147 aeres and tlnree are in Washington 2526 aeres Ofthe total aereage 2479 aeres 2o pereent are on Federal lands 6474 aeres 53 pereent are owned by states orloeal ageneies and 3191 aeres 2o pereent are pnyate Cornparedto the 1999 plan today s aetion designates rnore entieal nabitat units butgenerally smaller ones based on inereased knowledge of the specles needs and betterrnapping This new rule designates 32 units eoyering 12145 aeres eornparedto 28 units eoyenng 19474 aeres in tlne1999 plan The rule will take effect 30 days a er publieauon Some 2859 aeres ofproposed eriueal habitat in Six units were deleted based on the proieeted eost of designaung eritieal nabitat An eeonornie analysis prepared by Industrial Eeonornies In proieeted tlnat entieal nabitat eould eost between 273 rnillion and 645 rnillion witln tlne biggest eosts due to beach reereauon losses More than threerquaners ofthe loss was foundto oeeur in we proposed California eriueal nabitat units loeated on Coronado 5 silver Strand Mono Bay Pisrno Beach and two on Monterey Bay In addiuon 615 aeres were deleted beeause ofmanagement plans and eornrniunents er suen as Habitat Conservation Plans re and 1621 aeres were deleted beeause they are eoyered by rnilitary land management plans ornauonal seeurity needs 45 mp llwww iws govwinsisisnnientnlesnewsgrelensesnnusmuuewsmnaliseswspglcllzunsgw lion 1937 Whaling 1950 Birds 1958 Benelugtlt birds 1973 Baltic Sea 1973 CITES trade or species Appendix I II 111 1982 Antarctic Marine Resources 47 Habitats and Ecosystems 1971 Ramsar Wetlands Iran 119 countries 500 listed wetlands 1972 UN UNEP United Nations Environmental Program include social issues 49 1992 Earth Summit aka Rio Summit Agenda 21 em ronment soc al issues poverty tedvnologv transfer sustainability Wamr polluuori e178 Govern menE Developed countries aid developing Sustainable Development epolluter Pays rConvention on Global Warming rConvention on Biodiversity 1972 US Marine Mammal Protection Act dolph ns tuna international trade 1989 US Sea Turtle Act shrimp TED39S international trade GA39I39I39 BErEial agyesnmt an tariffs and 22 rate rwro e trade over environment rLeadership vs Imperialism Willa Conservation Imperialism SonoranDzse flquotquotquotquot Conservation Planm dopsomoAo 39zmld39MMMlduq mm m l m worrier r Mlllllll39lllll llllll lll ll39llllllLl lll VFR mow mm M HMLKMHIY i 39 illillilli lllnllulmlil SD CP Biological Goal Ensurz the longrtzrm survival ofch ll spzctmm ofplarlts and animals that are mdlgzmms to Pimo County Planning Alternatives Biotic elements 7 Vatebmtes rVegetatlon communities Abiotic elements 7 Land cover land foim elevation aspect etc Unique elements Biological Basis of the Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan Thanks to 3 oh Steidl and others szclzs chom should havz Approach Select elements for planning Establish guan able goals Develop explicit mles for ieseive design process oiganize synthesize and acquire information Evaluate Establish Monitoi Manage Select Species Regionally vulnerable speci es Shortlist of55 species zittzc ln uzmz on ultimate reserve dzslgrl 10 Species List 9 mammals 7 bats 8 birds 6 nparian 7 reptiles 3 nparian z frogs all npanan o flsh all npanan 16 invertebrates mostly snails 7 plants 2 nparian gtooar ofplants and vertebrates associated With np arian env ironments Land Cover Vegetation communities Abiou39cphysical Urban suburban rural landuses Ownership and level ofprotection Threats Species Distributions Based on models rather than known locations or published distributions Developedto predict species distributions based on potential habitat Input and evaluation by experts 7 Habitat associations known distribution Iterate Combine to identify areas ofhigh species richness Species Information Natural history accounts Species environment matrix Decide best method by which to achieve goals for each species Less helpful if 7 etha rare or Common 7 on lands that are protected or OffrllmlLS 7 limited natumlrhlstory information Reduced from 55 to 44 species Land Cover Ma rawrnmmi iiir SpeciesEnvironment MatIiX Variable No Attributes Vegetatiun 29 Uibari a Mesurvipavian a Xevurvlpavian i3 Streams a shaiiuw giuundwami i Spvings 2 Eievaiiur i3 siupe a Aspect 8 tardiurrn i5 Carburates 3 Geniugv i 11 Matrix Rank Scores Western VEHDW Eat Lasrurus ega Eevanon m Score 195 7 BED 2 BED 7 Sun 3 Sun 42am 3 12mm 44mm 3 MUD 48an 2 mun 7 man R mask R man 7 28an R mask R Hydrology Scores c I quoti wumw Whh m Generate Distribution M 39 a Elevation Scores Flum lnr sum or mem mm Um Vegetation Scores T VL ngumw mm m x l mm H mm m L R Habitat Model Habllul wiltl rm me k llmv m 12 Iterative Process 39 Basellne Snecles nm nu Snecles Emnmnmemzl Manx c Re ne Mndel I ems L Emmlnnm mu Adjusmems c spades Pmemml 39 Dlslnhullnn Intermediate Model Mulchd mm mm m 1mm luupanl l mg Initial Model Mumm l nlL nHJl Hmm I maltspm mth mum Initial Model n mum Vuunml mm I lowlva uqu no Final Model known locations mum Vuunml mm I lowlva uqu no Intermediate Model WM mumm mm m momma Mutwi mun l3 Final Model known locations SPeCieS RiChIleSS 1 01 mOre W Sumqu uing Pulumlnl Hme All mmgv Vulnznhk Specks Modulzd mu num Ham fur Nudltrsplnud Hmpp L39ntms Summary w High mmm Ham Sumnury M my manual th al 1 or Mum mnrlg Vulnunblc 5M5 i or Mar Manny Vulncmbl sped Species Richness 4 or more 7 Summary M High anulal Mama 4 ur Mum Pnnmy Vulnumblc Spuds Sumnury M my manual th al 3 m Mar Manny Vulncmbl sped Design Principles I Comprehensive conservation I Species richness as foundation I Contiguousness and Connectivity I Intactness I Opportunity and Realism Special Elements Pygmy Owl Habitat Initial Reserve Boundary hw quot39 r m u Saguach and lvunwuud cummunmes xx Other Considerations Special elements Areas needed to meet species goals Landscape linkages Recovery areas for endangered species Areas identi ed by The Nature Conservancy as signi cant for conservation Reserve Building mien2 Conservation Lands System Biological Core Multiple Use Scienti c Re search Recovery Areas Agriculture Within Recovery Areas Existing Development 15 Species Richness 5 or more Summary 14 High Pairininl Hahhal amp ur Mme P c g39Vulnunhlr spam Species Riclmess 7 Expert Opinion 7quot quotciJi H 391 Summary I Puuvn canmunn Am All Plim y Vldnrrablv swag Riparian as Foundation for Linkages mum mm Am Biological Core Blaingiml Cal Biologically Preferred maydiymrcfcned Knew 4 m um i 1min ihcnr Vrtimed Ekmrvr 16 Monitoring and Adaptive Management Assess status and trends of representative organisms Information to assess landmanagement practices Careful and ef cient design Longterm nancial commitment 17
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