Education Week 2
Education Week 2 EDUC 20003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayla Johnson on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC 20003 at Texas Christian University taught by Richard Curby Alexander in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Critical Investigation: Teaching and Learning in Education and Teacher Studies at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Philosophies of Education Learning Objectives 1 Students will be able to explain the 4 main branches of philosophy metaphysics epistemology axiology and logic 0 Metabhvsics involves the attempt to explain the nature of the real world or the nature of existence What is real What is the purpose of life 0 Epistemology deals with the question regarding knowledge and knowing What is true knowledge as opposed to false ideas Where does it come from Q Axiology focuses on the nature of what we value and how we value it What is the right thing to do 0 Logic is the branch of philosophy that deals with reasoning Two types of logic deductive and inductive What does it mean to think clearly 2 Students will be able to describe the 4 main philosophies of education perennialism essentialism romanticism progressivism including 0 Perennialism views truth and nature in particular human nature as constant objective and unchanging Goal is to search for these constant and changeless truths which reside in the nature of things Perennialist value education as crucial because it develops a person s mental discipline and rationality which are necessary to the search for truths Q Essentialism began in the 19303 and 19403 as a reaction to what was seen as an overemphasis on a childcentered approach to education and a concern that students were not gaining appropriate and adequate knowledge Just like perennialist they believe reasoning alone can lead to truth The focus is not on truth however it is on the knowledge that students gain Goal is to teach students what they need to know to function in society 0 Romanticism naturalism is a child centered philosophy of education that condemns the influences of society and suggests instead that a child s natural curiosity and the natural world should be used to teach Q Progressivism is a form of educational philosophy that sees nature as ever changing and new situations require new solution to problems learners must develop as problem solvers Problem Based Learning Explain the differences among the four schools of philosophy with regard to the role of the teacher and the role of the student Answer these two questions for each philosophy perennialism progressivism essentialism romanticism What is the role of the teacher What is the role of the student Of the four schools of philosophy there are different roles for the teacher and the student For perennialists the role of the teacher is to pass on the important truths and for the student to learn The teacher makes the decisions For Essentialist the role of the teacher is to find out what is useful and then make sure the students learn it The teachers are the authorities and the students are there to learn what they don39t already know For romanticism the role of the student is to choose something they want to study and the teacher helps them find the resources necessary to explore those subjects Lastly there is progressivism in this philosophy the role of the teacher is to let problems emerge and allow the students to solve these problems What was the dominant educational philosophy of the high school you attended To answer that question describe the role of the teacher the choice of curriculum and the goals set for the students The dominant educational philosophy of the high school I attended was essentialism The role of the teacher was to choose useful material for students to be prepared for standardized test The choice of curriculum is chosen by the district with the goal of the students to do well on standardized test Social Issues and Education in the US Learning Objectives 1 Students will be able to explain the social problems that influence student learning 0 New American Familv patterns has made it difficult for teachers to get into contact with parents 0 Poverty Schools are not designed to serve the poor therefore it has been almost impossible to eliminate poverty through educa on 0 Teen Pregnancv Those students who become teen parents are less likely than their peers to graduate from high school 0 Abused and neglected children may have learning problems and difficulty concentrating in school 0 Alcohol and drug abuse in school aged children can cause problems in the classroom 0 Adolescent suicide is big among high school students however most schools don t have a plan to prevent these deaths 0 School violence and vandalism has caused many students to fear going to school 2 Students will be able to summarize the following types of capital financial human and social 0 Financial Capital is money used to buy necessities 0 Human Capital is the attention and conversation between students and others Normally parents and adults 0 Social Capital the interactions that children encounter 3 Students can define in their own words socioeconomic status SES 0 Socioeconomic Status SES composite measure of family income parental education and parents occupation 4 Students can explain the connection between poverty and chronic stress 0 Low SES is supported with chronic stress if not buffered by supportive relationships 5 Students can explain the connection between chronic stress and parenting behaviors 0 Chronic stress can cause parents to lash out on their children putting double the stress on them 6 Students will be able to describe the two main signs that indicate a student is at risk for dropping out of school 0 Poorgrades 0 Low attendance Identify the major social problems affecting education and describe the key reasons they have such a great impact New American family patterns poverty teenage parenting abused and neglected children alcohol and drug abuse adolescent suicide school violence and vandalism and student cheating are all major social problems affecting education New American family patterns has made it difficult for teachers to get into contact with parents Schools are not designed to serve the poor therefore it has been almost impossible to eliminate poverty through education This is because schools are supported by the middle class for children of the middle class Those students who become teen parents are less likely than their peers to graduate from high school Their child may not succeed in school either Abused and neglected children may have learning problems and difficulty concentrating in school Alcohol and drug abuse in school aged children can cause problems in the classroom Adolescent suicide is big among high school students however most schools don t have a plan to prevent these deaths School violence and vandalism has caused many students to fear going to school Student cheating has grown over the years because many students will do anything to earn a good grade Describe the major reasons students give for dropping out of school Students report many reasons as the common cause of them leaving school A few of these include low grades dislike for school bullying from peers marriage or pregnancy and employment
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