CJ 280-001 Notes on Argumentation and Research Methods
CJ 280-001 Notes on Argumentation and Research Methods CJ 280
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Gintovt on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 280 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Matthew Dolliver in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
C 280 Notes 12016 What s the point of arguing 0 Making sense of the world 0 Purpose of research exclusive motivations I Exploration to boldly go I Description the story of scope and process I Explanation why exactly I Application evaluation V problem analysis 0 Evaluation knowing what s happening when you go into the application 0 Problem analysis after the fact analysis digging deeper into fixing what may not be working 0 Argumentation 0 Aristotle reason giving I Support of claims Get the word out 0 Dialogue Ultimate building process 0 Logos logic 0 Ethos character 0 Pathos emotion I Inductive vs deductive logicargument The Diversity Bonus 0 Cognitive 0 Thinking differently but working together 0 Ex Number of Nobel Prizes handed out vs how many people have received them I Individual vs teamwork Finding stasis I What matters more 0 Agree to disagree I Things need to be agreed upon upfront before you can really delve into the argument 0 Ex References common language and evidence I Stalled out when an argument isn t actually occurring then you talk past each other Where are we going 0 How things can go wrong 0 Common fallacies 0 How do we know when we have it right 0 Validity and reliability I Inside outside and beyond C 280 Notes 12016 Fallacies 0 Systematic error in argument 0 Authority turning to experts I Ex Doctor tells you to do something I Not always right 0 Lack info 0 Difference of opinions I The halo effect 0 Tradition common sense and crowds 10 million fans cant be wrong I Ex Shaking hands 22 I Dismiss evidence validate assumption 0 Can we think about it in different ways 0 Post Hoc ergo propter hoc after therefore because 0 Simply because one thing follows another doesn t mean that the first thing caused the second I Ex Sports 0 The key to causation 0 False dichotomy duck or bunny problem 0 Two options yesno rightwrong etc I Ex Thirsty 0 You have to drink Coke because you don t want to drink sewer water I Causation creative and exhaustive 0 Personal experiences 0 Ex Those little quirks O Inaccurate Observation Change Blindness O Overgeneralization samples and replication I One experienced defines your view on possible future experiences 0 Attribution Errors belief and behavior I Attributing a behavior to something that doesn t quite work 0 Selective Observation Confirmation received I Choosing to ignore or pay attention to specific aspects Is it what it looks like 0 Reliability dependability or consistency 0 Ex Weight on a scale 0 Having many different kinds 0 Validity truecorrect or the fit between 0 Ex IQ testing 0 Am I measuring what I think I m measuring C 280 Notes 12016 0 R amp V both at the level of the study or the measurement Saving face 0 Measurement Validity O m judgment of others dialogue I EX 22 and other problems 0 Content Definitions on their face I EX Police performance I What if you leave something out 0 Criterion using the standard I Concurrent Association 0 EX SAT scores and college I Predictive distinct but related 0 Pilot testing for prediction
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