Week Three Notes
Week Three Notes CRM 1003
Popular in Crime and Justice in America
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katy Davit on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Sarah Rogers in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Crime and Justice in America in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
Crime amp Justice in America WEEK THREE NOTES OUTLINE Crime Patterns Compensation for lack of economic opportunities Result of anger and frustration against society Both types are argued to be more likely to happen in impoverished areas with low income and SES Income education and occupation A sudden uncontrollable state of mind provoked by a blow or some other personal provocation When talking about gender use the terms men and women as opposed to male and female because those terms are used when talking about sex 8 men are arrested for every 1 woman Female arrests are increasing Socialization refer to week one and two outline for de nition Cognitive development Feminist theory 0 19705 Liberal Feminists 0 Wanted to be equal in law and social justice 0 Many believed that crime rates would converge with that of men because women were starting to hold the same jobs as men Women still kept from toughest roles in criminal activity Women are treated differently within the system Less women are sentenced to death for the same crime committed as men Men don t form attachments as easily as women Women are superior in verbal skills and more empathetic than men Women will be treated more leniently for committing certain crimes generally shoplifting is often associated more with females than males but the statistics suggest that males commit many more acts of theft than women Crime amp Justice in America WEEK THREE NOTES OUTLINE Official crime data indicate that minority group members are involved in a disproportionate share of criminal activity Is is true racial differences or bias SelfReport studies System bias White racism increases with the competition posed by a greater proportion of African Americans in a community A small group of offenders account for a majority of offenses What causes chronicity 0 Large debts 0 Drug use The continuity of crime Cost to individuals and society 0 Mental health physical health police and other criminal justice resources How to address victims needs and prevent further victimization 0 Cycle of violence Fear of crime Economic Loss 0 System costs gt Taxpayers 0 Individual costs gt Lifetime earnings gt Physical disability Antisocial Behavior 0 Cycle of Violence gt Social problems gt Stress and anger gt Revenge gt Spurious association not being What it purports too fake or false Fear 0 Crime amp Justice in America WEEK THREE NOTES OUTLINE Fundamental life change The Social Ecology of Victimization O O O 0 Violent crimes More serious crimes Neighborhood characteristics Crime in schools The Victims Household OOOOOO Larger homes African American homes Urban homes Homes in the west Homeowners versus renters Renters are victimized more than homeowners for reasons such as no alarm system always transient not as attached to the home if it isn t yours so renters are less committed to the home s upkeep Broken window theory Victim Characteristics O 0000 O O 0 Gender Age Elderly victims fraud neglect sexual assault and home invasion for example Elder abuse Social status those with low SES are most likely to be victims of property and violent crimes Marital status less likely to be assaulted or victimized than single people although intimate partner violence could be prevalent Cohabiting the same this as being married without the title Raceethnicity African Americans are more likely to be victims of violent crime Victims and Their Offenders O O O O O Males are more likely to be victimized by a stranger Females are more likely to be victimized by a friend acquaintance or intimate partner Single offender over 20 Intraracial Substance abuse The same race Different race Crime amp Justice in America WEEK THREE NOTES OUTLINE Victim Precipitation Theory aggressive or provocative behavior by victims that initiates or contributes to the incident surrounding their victimization personal and social characteristics that may make some people attractive targets for criminals Group membership 0 Hate crimes Increased exposure to criminal offenders 0 College students 0 Homeless o Runaways 0 Drug users College lifestyle Criminal lifestyle Routine Activities Theory and Lifestyle Theory have sort of been merged together 0 1979 More women in the workforce which makes them more exposed to crime Explains the rise in property crime Suitable target Lack of a cable guardian Motivated offender Exposed more to other people A lot of aws in this theory Proximity to areas of high crime increases your likelihood of victimization 0 Highly and densely populated urban areas 0 High poverty and instability low SES 0 Commercial businesses and residences This factor may outweigh any personal or lifestyle characteristics in determining your level of risk Crime amp Justice in America WEEK THREE NOTES OUTLINE Caring for the Victims Task Force on Victims of Crime Omnibus Victims and Witness Protection Act The Comprehensive Crime Control Act The Victims of Crime Act The Justice for All Act Victim compensation Victim advocates advocate on behalf of the victim speak for them in court provide them with information noti cations of the pending trial basically a middle man for these victims Victim counseling there are state run programs for victims of violent crimes where victims can receive counseling for free Public education lacking on this the government is trying to work on this a little through public commercials and other advertisements Haven training for example Crisis intervention suicide hotlines grief hotlines etc Restitution Victim impact statements written by the victim or victim s family read to the offender in court usually have an effect on the sentencing there is a debate on whether this should be allowed Target hardening Fighting back
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