Week 1 AMH2097
Popular in Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by JennaEliteNotetaker on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH2097 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Amundson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 316 views. For similar materials see Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
1816 Clovis group existed before Native American tribes o Originated in Siberia based on DNA evidence from Clovis child which con rmed the land bridge theory 0 Clovis people were hunters until mammoths and other large mammals went extinct o Clovis people began to settle and hunt gather forming tribes is a tribe that came from the Clovis group after settlement 0 built large mounds for burial of the dead and for religion purposes I Called Monks Mound I Located in St Louis Missouri At it s height 25000 people lived at They had a plaza for sports feasts and religious events The rst Europeans to nd believed that it had been created by the Vikings Members of Cahokia existed in a class system I Determined based on the types of housing I Human sacri ce Eventually broke up into smaller tribes such as the Cherokee Henry Brackenridge was the rst person to write aboutrecord seeing this abandoned tribe People did not begin to study the Cherokee until the 1960 s Currently in debate about what to do with the land because the city of St Louis wants to build a football stadium over it Precontact North America Population 718 million Precontact North America Tribal Groups 1000 Europeans believed that the indigenous people lacked discipline Indigenous people understood freedom based on tribal bonds and family Religion land and gender were the main differences in beliefs between the Europeans and Indigenous Americans 0 Religion I Indigenous people believed that spirits existed in land animals the wind etc They held religious ceremonies based on farming and hunting I Most indigenous Native American s believed in one creator Ex The Great Spirit I Europeans believed indigenous people had to adopt Christianity 0 LandProperty I Indigenous people viewed land as being for everyone I Europeans thought that you must claim and actively use land for it to be considered owned Europeans would cease land because they felt it wasn t being used I Chiefs of tribes would maintain status by being generous They often held gift giving ceremonies with other groups 0 The French would participate in these ceremonies but the Europeans didn t so they were viewed suspiciously I Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts s Bay Colony tbd more later 0 Gender I Europeans felt that indigenous women wore skimpy clothes I Indigenous people tolerated premarital sex and divorce 0000 0000 1816 Indigenous heritage was traced through the mother s family while European heritage was traced through the father s family Homehousehold possessions were usually under control of indigenous women Indigenous woman gathered and tended the home while men hunted and battled Spain and the New World 0 Epidemic diseases ware and enocide forced indigenous people off of their land Spanish used the h for economics in North America 0 The Slave system Based on how much you colonized you would receive indigenous people under your control Abolished in 1542 and was replaced by the Importiento system Indigenous people experience forced labor under this system Spanish began to plunder the indigenous people Left a lot of Cortez s assistants dead from disease The Spanish allowed Mayas to continue on but put rulers under the authority of the Spanish Mayas used European legal systems to control land and sue other natives and Europeans for land Franciscans recorded some of the Mayas history but eventually wanted to force them to convert Franco was a monk and since the Maya wouldn t convert they torched over 5000 Mayas Franciscans ended their inquisitions in this area Mayas found ways to maintain their beliefs and traditions even through the hardships they faced with the Spanish
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