Class Note for ECOL 406R at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Conservationquot Genetics University of Arizona Origins 39Genoty39ping39 Laboratory arIzona A researCH LaBs 5 J Conservation Biology 5 The goal is to provide principles and tools for preserving biodiversity ii Conservation Biology is an Ethics driven science Emphasis is placed on the intrinsic value of species biodiversity and communities a It is necessarily multidisciplinary 7 ChromosOme Nucleotide 1992 Biodiversity and ecosystem levels Sandlund et al forms at genetic The structural and functional variety of life population l i E a communlty Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Data llllllllllllldllll Microsatellites DNA ngerprinting TGATAAMTCGTCTACAG AAG ATG ATE ATE ATGMGATGATG ATGATGATG ATGATGATEATG KB 90 lei 110 1261 13B Themes addressed by Conservation Geneticists is Taxonomy phylogenetics Oldentifying species and populations at Assessment of diversity Iquot Captive Breeding Reintroduction it Vouchering ii Identifying bottlenecks a Forensics Thelma39s mad dash A radiotagged desert tortoise takes off on a wild trek that leaves her trackers stunned Tucson Citizen May 12 2003 Thehna didn39t exactly run away lrom home For one thing she39s hardly a child 7 one estimate pum her age at about 30 For another her pace was lar lrom sizzling Alter all desert tortoises aren39t known lor their speed But what she lacked in tempo she made up lor in determination Thelma 7 her name was inspired by the wanderings or the lamons movie dno Thelma and Louise 7 lelt Saguaro National Park39s east unit in the tall or 2000 not long alter being ontlitted with a radio transmitter to track her movements b w 10 G iif t ic iDi s ftanq ims t 39 012 008 i 004 000 x 50 100 150 Ge39ugyaphic H Maht el test r 10554 p 0030 200 11 Absolute number of migrants exchanged per generation between populations Method E Slatkin s M 29 minimum 1 Private allele method 55 Gene ow occurred historically at a rate greater than one migrant per generation The genetic evidence suggests that Sonoran Desert Tortoises occur as a Metapopulation O OO O 12 Phoenix 180 Kllometers Interstate Tortoise Population Tucson MO 180 Kilometers 13 I L4 0 HI F Phoenix l o la F Tucson v quot 1 II ers Interstate I O 7 Tortoise Population 3919 180 KIlometers E 0 Urban buffer I Tortoise Population 14 G ugassizii Habitat Preferences 3 53 3 SEE I 15 GF oiy Haploi G av Haploi MEX m MEX OZ MEX 03 MOJ AOLm MOJ AOZJXI MOJ Aoam MOJ AO4DltI MOJ 901th MOJ 502m x SONMex O SONmex SONWexD sonexu 1 SUN m m SON 02th SON mam SON 04th SON Osm SON 06th SON 07er Gopherus agassizii MtDNA Haplotype Distribution Mojave Haplogroup A Mojave Haplogroup B Sonoran Haplogroup Sonoran Haplogroup B Sinaloan Haplogroup Lamb etal1989 16 I I I I I I I20 Ma 150 Ian m 220 I 240 I I I zen 280 am I I I I m 140 sen 39a 40a WSBW 53 1 BM WSBW soon IUDD L J 1 END Bnag4D9 6 V4 Goag GoaqI Golg35 um snags In WSEQE 53 2 Green W59 ESUDB 20m IDDD J u Guamrm WSE jsa 2l YeHuw WSB46 i Sonoran Genotype m Dm58712 l3233 Populat1on A331 gnment Tests of correctly correctly Sample Group Samples assigned assigned Western Mojave 164 139 848 Central Mojave 97 66 680 Southern Mojave 198 118 596 Northeastern Mojave 60 49 817 Eastern Mojave 31 17 548 Northern Colorado 1 8 13 722 Eastern Colorado 37 33 892 Upper Virgin River 23 22 957 1 7 MtDNA Haplotype Distribution E Revised Recovery Units N suggested for the Mojave V Population of the Egg9quot Northeastern MOI3e Mojave Desert Tortoise sample groups potential recovery unit Western boundaries Mol Ve Eastern Colorado 0 NV sample groups recovery unit bounda es USFWS 1994 Callradii River gt N lt Haplogroup A c v AM 18 Locations of captive and NV translocated tortoises UT Mojave Desert I 194o1933 19 72oo4 Represents gt1 000 documented releases AZ A A 39Coloradu Desert The genetic affects of translocated tortoises are observed in our data 19 How well can predict the geographic origins of an unkno n tortoise Geographic assignment of W UT the confiscated tortoise 5 Nortneastern Mojave Eastern Mojave Western Mojave III sampie gruups recuvery unit u buundanes USFWSJBBA Northern Colorado Eastern Colorado 20 Biological Boundaries of Southwestern Deserts L05 Ange es n mnkm 21 The Verdict in the end we felt that a normal JP judge would not be able to appreciate the value of the document Since there was a probability however slight that it could have natura ly occurred inNW Arizona we decided to bring an end to the case We still feel strongly that the tortoise came from California so the fact that the tortoises owner was moving back to California was to our favor The lady plead guilt to our char es and we returned the tortoise to er and noti 1ed California Fish and Game that she had the tortoise and was bringing it back to California Gene Elms Program Manager Operation Game Thief Coner Y mm as wwwdnatestcom 416 DNATEST 4163628378 22 Recommendations for captive pai ngs Female A Males Female B GOFLEBAF a GOFL2167 GOFLEIC7A I GOFL3854 El GOFL350E El GOFL4429 I GOFL524B E GOFL6043 I GOFL0329 El GOFL5E7B I GOFL1 D79 I GOFL383B ll GOFL7532 I GOFL5C78 I GOFL220D I GOFLOEGQ IEI n5 IUUE nuns 23 Using ge netics to track invas iv species 1r 24 Black Spinytailed Iguana Ctenosaura similis Ctenosaura spp Ranges from Northern Mexico and Baja to Panama 26 Gulf of Mexico The individuals collected in Tucson are genetically related to Ctenosaura hemilopha macrolopha native to Sonora Mexico and Ctenosaura conspicuosa that originated from San Esteban Island in the Sea of Cortez The two species were separated roughly 890 thousand years ago The Conservation Genetics of Bushm eat Markets Traf c and Population Studies in African Countries 27 u winniumu 1 hum h buhh 4 Declining Amphibian Populations 28 Live frogs are easily sampled with a buccal swab kit 29 DNA testing at the UofA is used to identify presence of Chytidiomycosis in tissue sample collected in the eld African Clawed Frog Xenop us Laevis 30 31 Applying Science to Conservation Tucsou REGION Eny ow sm mm 39unnb v I Endangered status suught for Sonoran Desert tortaise By Tony Davis ARIzaNA am y 5m Tucsany rlzuna pumishsmmm Two enwmnmemal menus are Dusmng the federa guvernmentto hstthe Snnmzn Dsssn mnmss as an endangered or Lhreatened Suecwes 39 st Enwrannama cups are pang ega amun m an quotmm mg me as m and Mame Sanme m m m 5mm Tm mnlmng the groups WHd Earth Guardwans and Western Watelsheds ijectwm mm ic 5395 3 WWWquot WWEWWNS take ega amen m m a force the us nsn and wnawe Senme m pmtem the I Nana am any a In tortmse much was m a large swam qunzona fmm Tucsnn m the state s far nurmwesl corner The groups ml me a genusquot that unen leads m lawsuns Mm mm 1 32 The real threats 5 Overpopulation l Poverty 51 Disease 5 Corruption 5 Lack of Understandin g Education 99 of Conservation is a Social Issue 33 A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity stability and beauty of the biotic community It is wrong 34 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY IN NAMIBIA SUMMER SESSION 1 MY 23 JUNE 28 2009 Open to Undergraduate Graduate and Non degree Studenm Take a five week expedition irrto Namibia s extraordinary Namib Desert Experience real field research in Africa Earnrdirect University of Arizona credit 35 WWWstudyabroadariz0naedu 1 APPLICATIONS AVAILABLE AT 395 The Office of Study Abroad amp Student Exchange 520 6269211 FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT Dr HansWerner Herrm ann hwhuarizonaedu or Taylor Edwards tayloreuarizonaedu 36
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