Class Note for ECOL 482 at UA
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Zoogeography Chpt 16 part 17 Number of species Marine 58 w 71 of water v Freshwater 41 Freshwater Primary 33 v Secondary 81 v Diadromous 6 Lakesrivers lt 009 and 0001 total water supply respectively most freshwater in icecaps groundwater Marine 71 of world water 33 or 32 phyla 15 exclusive Wa te r 1 The World Ocean 2 Glaciers and permanent snow cover 3 Ground water permafrost 4 Lakes rivers bogs 5 Water in atmosphere Zoogeog raphy Pelagic Epipelagic Mesopelagic Bathypelagic Abyssopelagic Benthic Littoral Sublittoral Bathyal Abyssal Ultraabyssal Zoogeog raphy Major MarrneZoogeographrc Regrons 7 Four Mam Ecologrcal Drvrsrons of Marrne Q rsh E bpelaglcr surface down lo 2 m 713 of specres 325 SW Con rnenls and lemperalure e examples onunas mosl wrdespread e Lnlle unas assocraled with shore hallbeaks offshore e Hemrramphus 7 more wrdes read lhan rnshore e Hypor amphus and needle sh same wl h needle sh Zoogeography MaiorMarine Zoogeographic Regions 7 Four Main Ecological Divisions of Marine Fish Deep Pelagicr mesopelagic 200 rn to i000m and bathypelagic gt1000 rn 75 Sills ridges that act as barriers and temperature iimit r temps vary in different deep Zones Zoogeography Major Marine w Zoogeographic Regions Four Main Ecological Divisions ofMarine Fish 3 Deep Benthic 64 or 1500 spp Zoog eography Major Marine Zoogeographic Regions Four Main Ecological Divisions ofMarine Fish 4 Littoral or Continental Shelf Shore and shelf above 200 m 11250 spp 45 399 Shallowwarm Shallowcold 56 Temperature limits both sh and habitat corals above 50m gt 18 degrees C Loral Reel Distribution above bUm gt 18 degrees C Inshore divided into four Major Inshore Marine Regions separated by continents orvast marine regions 1 lndoWest Pacific Region 3000 species 13 corals bivalves etc Inshore divided into four Major Inshore Marine Regions separated by continents orvast marine regions 2 Western Atlantic about 1200 spp associated w West Indian coral reefs Inshore divided into four Major Inshore Marine Regions separated by continents orvast marine regions 3 Eastern Paci cerecentiy separated from western Atlantic 7 barrier open oceaanhe elevation ofthe Panama lsmathus about 3 million years agoi geminate species pairs Inshore divided into four Major Inshore Marine Regions separated by continents orvast marine regions 4 Eastern Atlantic Region relatively depauperate 500 inshore spp Zoogeography Zoogeography Continental Drift Vicariance Biogeography Distributions and Continental drift 1915 phylogeny area cladogram Alfred Wegener Vicariance event vs Dispersal Pangea single Iandmass 430 mya Barrier vs Filter barrier About 180 mya Split into Three Kinds of Dispersal Leading to Range Gondwana SAY Africa Expansion Australia Antarctica JumE Disgersal Madagascar and India vs Laurasia Eurasia Diffusion and North America Secular Migration Zoogeography Freshwater Fishes 39 Greater contribution to biodiversity 41 Me j39lerfanfea Sea quauPerate 540 diversity but 0093 of water marine 113000 SPECIES HIStorlcal drymgi SUEZ canal km2sp available vs freshwater 15 km2sp one way transfers open and empty available 39 39 Ecological versus Historical phylogenetic amp nIFhes for warm water Spemes geologic Productivity shallow productive and W39despread SPP PenEtrate Isolation freq biogeographic events Arctic and Antarctic 274 spp surrounding 39 Primary Strict V Secondary occaSional marine o Freshwater fish vs Peripheral marine that are 174 Immeq39ate F39Shes 5396 6 lots of part time in fresh or some part of life history cool adaptations diadromous Six Regions of Freshwater Fish Alfred Russel Wallace 1876 Six Regions of Freshwater Fish 1 Nearctic N Amer 14 fam 950 spp Cyprinidae Catostomidae Ictaluridae Percidae Centrarchidae Three subregions 1ArcticAtlantic 2 Paci c 3 Mexican transition Six Regions of Freshwater Fish 2 Neotropical S Amer 32 fam 2500 spp no minnowssuckers Charicins Catfish Gymnotids Cichlids many marine invaders Six Regions of Freshwater Fish 3 Palearctic N Europe amp Asia 14 families Six Regions of Freshwater Fish 4 African 7 Diverse 7 27 famiiies primary 47 overaii 7 2000 EDD Six Regions of Freshwater Fish 4 Arncan 7Diver5e e 27rarniiies primary 47 overaii e 2000 EDD Six Regions of Freshwater Fish 6 Austaiian 7 2 sp primary uniy Ancient reiicts e Osteogiossidae Sciempages and ceratodon idae Neoceratodus is famiiy marine origin Archaic Archaic 7 0 groups 7 distnoutions continentai dnrt 1Lurigfi5h7 3 genera7 Arnca 5A and Austraiian 2 Bicnirs7 ii spp 2 genera in Arnca 7rossii 5A 3 Paddierisn 7 one Mississippi and cnina 4 cars 7 NA CAi cuoa Wfossiis in india and Europe 5 Arniidae 7 one Wing 7 rossii on aii except Austraiia 0 Osteogiossornorpns 7 Primitive Teieost 7 Pnrnitive Widespread no Austraiia Recent Recent Five groups primary freshwater 1 Pickerels and relatives NA Europe and Asia Northern Pike greatest distr bution of any north hemisphere sh 2 Darters and perches NA Europe Asia 3 Sun sh 12 E NA and 1 California Archoplites 4 Cichlids Madagascar India SA and Africa 5 Ostariophysi Cypriniformes three large 2 small families Carps and Minnows missing SA and Australia Suckers NA except 1 China
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