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NAtural resource pt2

by: Mekaila Notetaker

NAtural resource pt2 ENVS 1205K

Mekaila Notetaker

GPA 3.4
Sustainability and Environment
Daniel E. Holt

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About this Document

End of chapter 1
Sustainability and Environment
Daniel E. Holt
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mekaila Notetaker on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENVS 1205K at Columbus State University taught by Daniel E. Holt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Sustainability and Environment in Science at Columbus State University.


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Date Created: 01/25/16
Natural Resources 0 Renewable resource Repenished naturally Forests grasslands fresh air fertile soil 0 Sustainable yield Rate you can use resource while still allowing it to renew Nonrenewable resource Never regenerate or require geological time scales to renew coal oil metals mineral resources reduce reuse repurpose recycle Measuring Natural Resource Use 0 Economic growth nation39s growth good and service Resources consumption fuels growth 0 Measured as gross domestic product GDP Annua value of all goods and services by all business foreign and domestic operating within a country lgnores environmental cost and resource degradation Are we living sustainably How do we affect our earth Overconsumption deplete capital Degradation pollute on diminish natural resources and ecosystem services Happening at an accelerating rate Pollution Something put into the environment at a level that is directly or indirectly harmful to humans or other organisms Point sources you can pin point the source vs nonpoint source maybe hard identifying Biodegradable other organisms breaking it down using it for nutrient vs nondegradable Tragedy of the Commons Every individual tries to reap the greatest bene t from a given resource As the demand for the resource overwhelms the supply every individual who consumes an additional unit directly harms others who can no longer enjoy the ben ts Avoid Tragedy of Commons Everybody cooperate and work together voluntarily to live sustainably Divide up and privatize the resource and assume people will take care of what belongs to them Government Oversight Tax Poluter pay per unit pollution Subsidies Government gives many to organization to help them met a standard Permit Trading Government caps amount of pollution and sells permits for pollution allowance Economic Growth Natural Capital and Economic Development Economic Growth measure of a nation output GDP Remember how is thin linked to national capital Economic Development uses policy and economic growth to increase standard of living for a population Ex Saudi Arabia struggles with a wide range of living standards Countries Differ in Resource Use Moredeveloped countries USA Canada Japan Australia New Zealand and most European Countries Less developed countriesAfrica Asia Latin America More developed countries have 17 of population use of 88 of resources and produce 75 of world39s pollution Measuring Our Impact Impact Population Af uence Technology Ecological footprint the amount measured in global hectares of biological productive land and water needed per year to supply resources and cleanse wastes Ecological de cit occurs when footprint is larger than biocapacity of the area available to that population Cultural Changes Can Grow or Shrink Our Ecological Footprints Major Cultural Changes Agricultural revolution Industrial Revolution growth of mass production machinery sparked by the ability to burn fossil fuels InformationGlobalization revolution Sustainability revolution All but sustainablilty rev allowed for larger population and increased resource consumption Environmental Problem Population growth Unsustainable resource Poverty


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