Note 16 for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Note 16 for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.
Reviews for Note 16 for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture on 01 mm Conaervanon BtoTo Lab 40m 06L Paraergms Pupu auuns censewanun Etu ugy I e ECOLAUEREUER 9 Fndav 19 Oct 1230 7gt 1530 WWW WWW 39 Meet 1230n s or W srde BSE 4m and FaH 2on7 V 7 WWW my Em Hat water sunscreen dosetoed snoes Upcommg Readmgs Readmgs on Course Webs te re today Text Ch 5 Song of Dodo excerpt Sewage Treatment Want SWeetWater Wet and Tues 16 Oct Text 1887193 Thurs TE OCI Ch 7 Ch 8 Thanks to Scott Bonar Ed MOW Tay or Edwards 04 due13 November 1 2 Debate 23 Oct 2on7 Exam 1 phenomy Mean SD 1 Show the Tumacacon Htgmands he WHderneSS Median E3 5 Count 34 Three groups 7 one Wm oeoate another mm Max 95 5 evaTuate tmrd WTH observe then We rotate Min 43 SD M 9 Deba E 1 2El Sam Debam 2n Sem Gmup Adeba e 5mg Aasm wo bonus Group a evamate sue a assrs1 Gmuo 0 ubswe sue c observe 9 Debate 2 23 01 Mag 2 23 on nowW g Gmuo Aubsem sue Aubserve Group a debate 5mg a 35551 Group 0 evaTuate 5mg c 35551 Dame 3 15 NEN Debam 3 15 Nov t Group Aevamate 5mg Aassts1 Gmuo E ubswe sue a observe Gmup c debam sue c assrs1 39 7 39 3 Paradigms In Conservation 1Genetic Diversity Chapter 5 1r Genenc Dwersrty MVP PVA SrnaH poputauons rreduced gene ow rtnbreedtng depressron W ono rstochasncttv reffecuve popu auon srze NE 27 IsTand Btogeographv 3r Metapopu auons 4r Habttat Heterogenem 539 D sturbance VS Geneucs rn Detan cnap 5 Dedm ng Powamns Popu auons rn DetaH cnap 7 Effective Population Size 39 Ne 4Nme NmNf Eg a population of seals with 6 males and 150 females N 39quotbe 33999dequot Ne 461506150 23 Ms a Chuck pm 7 Quickly lose rare alleles in bottlenecks 7quot i ll 4 mm a ligure 52 Cheemh Major Histocompatibility Complex 9 cyprnodon macuarus Desert Pupfish Desert pup sn declined due to the introduction and spread of exo c predatory and l 3 competitive shes water i Owuvlncwma impoundment and or NAnDNALMonuMgm diversion wamr pollution groundwamr pumping stream channelization and nabimt modification 1 Photograph Oaunexvaflalm Rune Healthy DDDulatlan ar alnast mpuu fsh inhabits this aas 5 rn 5 last name ar a unique fish is helm activelY managed O unobaqulm DEEen F upl lsh Inbreeding Coefficient F 2 alleles identical by descent 1 Rule Frankel and Soule 20 do so so 100120140160 lBO 200 220 Population Size IV l Figure 53 Rm alum l lll l P V l quotquotquot ll llll llllrll rrll r quot39 ine Ulrl rmulvzl JIM nult 4 IONl woman 8 Genetlc Drlft When populations number less than a few hundred individuals random events become more important to genetic structure of population than natural selection gt 300010000 breeding adults Population Extinction Vortex problems with small populations F Vortex inbreeding depression lethal equivalenB homozygous recessives A Vortec genetic drift and loss of variation can39t adapt R Vortex r spontaneous rate of increase coupled with environmental stochasticity D Vortex discontinuity isolation mm m Hardy Weinberg and Heterozygosity two aiieies p d p q2 p2 2pq q2 Under Hardy Weinberg Equiiibrium He 2W itpu 5 a 4 7 Ha can be caicuiated quot2 2 E H Inbreeding if HD lt HE Ouibreeding if HDgt H2 5 Equilibrium Heterozygosity AHEI Hquot ZNm H Heterozygosity N popuiauon Size rn mutauon rate Tneretore smaiier popuiauons nave iower equiiibrium Heterozygosity ASSJ mption reduced geneu c Variatioi i W a popuiauon correiated Winn reduced abiiity to adapt to changing environmentai condmons mum m Wrig ht s Fixation Index Fst 0 or lt0 01 indicate iit e divergence arnong pops Fs t gt o 1 indicate rnucn divergence arnong pops Hardy Weinberg Equiiibnum two aiieiesr p d Expected heterozygosity 2pq Fer Hm Wm n hetemzyqasilv Separate popuiations 6 Totai Pooi Minimum Viabie Popuiauon MVP Frankei Souie Frankiin snatter 50500 Ruie snort tax Mid terrn Long Term PVA Biogeograpnic Reairre Pangaea 39 W quotW Mum piepersai Vl cariance quotllu m Equilibrium Theory of island Biogeograplny sum aiim iii 4 mm mm Numnaral Singles 2 Island Biogeography Quammen Excerpt from Song ofthe Dodo p5255 Lyell Frogs vs Birds Wallace dispersal Darwin MacAnhur Oceanic vs Continental WiIsOn succession Size Age Distance equilibrium 2n Islands especially Continental affected by 7 Plate tectonics 7 Climate glaciation drougnt ca laiml in m n quotitquotme pinanmmmmi iii int immortal it Mi imim imrtiun i i mi m WWW quotrim iii WWW iiirminimum Mamiiwiymii urlv K Mai iii ii Mimi Mimi imwmim am am lzwl Ml itimnii imam i mm i liul mm mm Pas 25mm W 4 u m imi y al lmu mm vi arm slum i l 2 mm a i 5 z um Luna 5 i l y 75 H m a i n 2 in in mm m 5 m 3 In is aim 1 i so 5 10 mm 52 a 67 a an im rm i l an a in m no as 1 71 3 am iiiquotWim it i Equilibriiim Theory of I l Island Biogeography e i 39 Habi tat Fragmentation Reserve Deslgl i Predicuons vs Observations Mssing Factors rRescue Effect Habitat Suitability Sink vs Source rHabl tat Heterogeneity Species Interacuons zo Adaptive Radiation My leinldW xhnhiGahpxgnxngumuz ngiixdmmd Galapagos Humboldt Current mm znm IH Nt39 II I EA K 22 Innwmmma axn hFowwwww39mw rhw 1 Zuqetal 2mm Plate Tectonics not fully accepted until 19605 Wm mm Russel Wallace 1523 r 1913 Wallace s Line 9 Weber39s Line I Sulawesi Alfred Wegener winter 19121913 Crustal Plates moving 112 cm year 32 fjllI Anlnrdlc plate I Cmbe m3 Dispersal Ability 7 my a 2i znm 35 3 Metapopulation Dispersal Ability Isolation by Dismnce Spatially disjunct groups of individuals with some demographic or genetic connectionquot largely independent yet interconnecmd by mm W 1 migrationquot 1 All local populations must be prone m extinction 2 Persismnce of entire population requires recolonization of individual Sims See p193 in VanDyke text bvsd Source Juggling Balls 0ranges and Mites quot Sink quotgull son Mempopulation Lowland Leopard Frogs H d d1 IV 5 Y 39 939 equot thanks to Don Swann u Dlsmbuuon of LowlandLeopard Frogs u m Rmcon Moummns 199672001 0 9 0 OH Metapopulation Dynamics m a 5 Disturbances Endogenous Exogenous 4 Habitat Heterogeneity Mummynanquot Conserve Bigger Area Conserve More Diverse Habitats Habitat Heterogeneity and Disturbance Cimagtlt Community vs Shifting Mosaic Tree Fall in Forest Fire Beaver Dam on Stream Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis w E s suttessmn reser39 supermmpamrs 10
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'