JOUR 3190 Chapter 2 Notes
JOUR 3190 Chapter 2 Notes JOUR 3190
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyla Brinkley on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JOUR 3190 at University of Georgia taught by Thomas Hudson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see Journalism Writing in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 01/25/16
Kyla Brinkley JOUR 3190 Spring 2015 Chapter 2 Notes Journalism Basics Writing Reporting Interviewing a b j Journalists in the converged newsroom are expected to have a wider range of skills than those who produce content for 1 medium Journalists have a different set of assumptions regarding opinions and spin i Compared to talk radio comedy shows and spin from PR Journalists must be open minded enough to admit a position is wrong and provide the facts to support an opposing view that may be closer to the truth Sometimes the best reporting makes everyone unhappy Journalists often blend 2 or more sources like official reports and eyewitnesses How stories may come to your attention i Unexpectedsurprising events breaking news ii Scheduled events iii News releases iv Ideastips from others v Your ideas Journalism is the business of telling true stories about things that are n GWS News is something you hear see or read about that is important to you How to tell if something is newsworthy i Proximity or location ii Significance amp impact iii Conflict iv Timeliness v The unusual unexpected or unique vi Prominence or celebrity vii Need vs want viii Emotional appeal via the medium visualaural emphasis ix Voyeurism 2 sets of questions to ask when you see news unfolding i 5 W s amp the H ii coverage where you want to take the story k Writing i 2 rules 1 learn the basics of written communication 2 do it over and over ii grammar placing words in the correct order so the message the writer seeks to convey is the message received by the readeruserviewer iii punctuation an aide to understanding and is best used sparingly iv correct word usage helps you stay credible v clear organization guarantees better understanding vi techniques that are different in online stories 1 subheads 2 highlighted words 3 bulleted lists vii 5 basic steps to writing a story 1 idea generate your own or take one from the editor 2 report gather info 3 organize decide what to sayhow to say it 4 draft write the first versions 5 revise polish until finished viii Differences among Print Online Broadcast 1 Print reporting formats a Inverted pyramid b Hourglassmartini glass c Circledollar sign 2 Radio a Reader b Donuts c Wraparounds a Reader b VoiceOver c VoiceOverSound on Tape d Package 4 Onlin Print plus Clickable interactive Slideshows Audio stories Narrated slideshows Live chats Quizzessurveys Animated stories Interactive webcasts Multimedia interactives Other forms i Weblogs ii Interactive memorials iii Games ix Basics of Good Writing accuses 90novle Keep sentences short Prefer the simple to the complex Prefer the familiar word Avoid unnecessary words Put action into your verbs Write the way you talk Use terms your reader can picture Tie in with your reader s experience Make full use of variety 10 Write to express not to impress x The Lead The first most important sentence in your story Grabs attention Sets tone Entices readers Thinkingthenwriting process a Determine when to stop collecting facts b Prioritize most important facts c Rethinkrevise 6 Summary leads don t work well onlinebroadcast because theyTelong 7 Other types of leads Delayed identification lead Anecdotal lead Scenesetter leads Direct address lead BHndlead Wordplay creative leads 8 Lead you shouldn t overuse if used at all a Topic lead b Question leads c Quote leads 9 Rewriting a Rarely go with first version of a lead OPONQFNTbF ONT F erPNT FDR90quot h l Reporting i Good writing starts with good reporting ii Basic sources of info 1 Interviews 2 Documentsarchives 3 Personal observations ofjournalist m Selecting Sources to Interview i Newsmakers firsthand sources officials celebrities survivors witnesses ii Factors in considering which sources are best 1 Time to deadline 2 Availability 3 Expertise vs relevance 4 Topic complexity 5 Degree of controversy n Deadlines and Stories i Different stories have different deadlines 1 Ex most print has single evening deadline but broadcast can have many throughout day ii Telephone can be used to quickly get quotes or sound bites but source can easily avoid you by hanging up iii ComputerAssisted Reporting 1 Can be good for finding info but can limit you 2 Good reporter s best resource is their personal network 3 It s critical to verify information from personal interviews or from the internet before putting that info into a story 4 Controversial info usually requires at least 2 independent sources 5 Info new to the reader should reference the source 0 Practical Interviewing i Types 1 Formal interview 2 Foner phone interview 3 Walkaround 4 Onthefly chat 5 Background interviews ii Approaches 1 A asking questions as an expert 2 B asking questions as common folk 3 C Past Present Future PPF iii Time amp Space Constraints When Interviewing 1 Don t spend too long interviewing waste of time sifting through 20 min of recorded material p Basics of Asking Questions i Keep questions short to the point ii Avoid yes no questions iii Avoid 2 questions in 1 sentence iv Avoid leading questions v Easy first hard at the end 1 If you can only ask 1 ask the hardest q Interpersonal Skills i Make eye contact ii Nobbriefly smile unless inappropriate iii Firmlypolitely out someone off if taking long time deviating or not answering question iv Be skeptical but don t show it unless necessary r Capturing the Interview i Always carry recording device 1 Cell phone 2 Camera 3 Digital audio recorder ii Recording helps get facts straightverifies what you wrote iii Let them know they re being recordedget consent iv Know how to operate your equipment don t get distracted s Specialized Types of Interviewing i News conferences group interviewing 1 Arrive early stake out place in front 2 Hold ground 3 Be ready with questions ii Sports Interviewing 1 Be focused whywhat questions 2 Don t ask how they feel about something 3 be good listener ask follow up questions iii Weatherlnterviewing 1 Hard to do well 2 Don t ask how they feel insensitive 3 Avoid urgent voice of doom approach 4 Don t get obvious quotes iv Entertainmentlnterviewing 1 2 agendas a celeb wants publicitypromotion b you want something newsworthy often protective PR person in between compromise to get insight into private life amp public persona to make great feature story ask fresh questions ask about their art more than them good icebreaker if you did research wN ltquot3939gt
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