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EAR 203 Chapter 1 Vocabulary

by: Hannah Slifstein

EAR 203 Chapter 1 Vocabulary EAR 203

Marketplace > Syracuse University > EAR 203 > EAR 203 Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Hannah Slifstein
Earth Systems Science
G. Hoke

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About this Document

vocab from Chapter 1 The Earth System textbook
Earth Systems Science
G. Hoke
Class Notes
Vocabulary, Chapter 1, Global Change, EAR 203, The Earth System
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Slifstein on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EAR 203 at Syracuse University taught by G. Hoke in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.

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Date Created: 01/25/16
Quizlet Acid Rain Anthropogenic Atmosphere Biodiversity Biota Chloro uorocarbons CFCs Core Crust Cyrosphere D efo restati o n Deuterium Earth System Fossil Fuels Gaia Hypothesis Glacial Period The Earth System Chapter 1 Vocab Study online at quizlet comlxmgh9 Produced when various acids including sulfuric acid produced from 02 oxidation combine with natural rainwater Induced by humans The thin envelope of gases that surrounds most planets one ofthe four major components of the Earth system The variety of life forms All living organisms Synthetic compounds containing chlorine fluorine and carbonThese gases also called freon s contribute to the greenhouse effect and are harmful to the ozone layer The central part ofa planet or ofthe Sun Itis one ofthethree components of solid Earth and is dense composed mostly of metallic iron and nickel and hasa solid inner and a liquid outer part The thin outer layer of the solid Earth consists of light rocky matter that is in contact with the atmosphere hyd rosphere and biota The portion of the Earth39s surface that is mostly frozen including both the polar caps and mountain glaciers The clearing ofall the trees offan area of land A stable isotope of hydrogen that has one neutron in its nucleus The group of interacting components atmosphere hyd rosphere solid Earth and biota that influence conditions at the Earth39s su rface Fuels such as coal oil and natural gas that are formed from the partially decomposed organic remains of organisms concentrated in sedimentary rocks A theory suggesting that Earth is a selfregulating system in which the biota play an integral role Ice sheets advanced across North America and Europe 18 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Global Warming Greenhouse Effect G reenhouse Gases Hyd rosphere lnterglacial Period Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC Isotopes KT Boundary Latent Heat Luminosity Mantle Mass Extinction Nuclear Fusion A warming of Earth39s atmosphere due to an anthropogenic enhancement of the greenhouse effect The natural mechanism by which a planet39s su rface is warmed by infrared absorbing gases in its atmosphere Gases such as carbon dioxide methane nitrous oxide and water vapor that warm a planet39s surface by absorbing infrared radiation and reradiating some of it back toward the su rface The component of Earth system that includes the various reservoirs of water and ice on Earth39s surface An interval duringthe Pleistocene such as the Holocene when continental ice sheets were restricted to G reen land and Antartica Globally averaged su rface temperatu res d u ring interglacial intervals were about 15 degrees Celsius and atmospheric C02 concentrations were about 280 ppm An international group of scientists who periodically review the status of climate change science and issue consensus reports about both the climate science and the possible effects of climate change on humans Atoms of a given element that have different numbers of neutrons in their nuclei The boundary between the Cretaceous K and Tertiary T periods about 65 million years ago when the dinosaurs and many other species went extinct The heat energy released or absorbed during the transition from one phase to another such as when the water evaporates The brightness ofa star such as our Sun One of th ree layers ofthe solid Earth a thick rocky layer between the core and the crust Composed primarily of silicate minerals An extraordinary extinction event in which more than 25 of all extant families are lost The splitting of a heavy atomic nucleus into two fragments accompanied by the release of energy 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 Ozone Hole Ozo ne Layer Ozone 03 Photosynthesis Rocks Sediments Solid Earth Stratosphere System Trace gases A patch of extremely low ozone concentration in the ozone layer This hole has appeared near the South Pole each October since 1976 A chemically distinct region of the atmosphere specifically the stratosphere that protects Ea rth39s su rface from the Sun39s harmful UV rays A form of oxygen that is much less abundantthan and chemically unlike the oxygen that we breathe t blocks the Sun39s harmful ultraviolet radiation The process by which an organism such as a green plant uses sunlight carbon dioxide and water to produce organic matter and oxygen Consolidated mixtu res of crystalline materials called minerals Layers of u ncon solid ated material that is transported by water or by air The component of the Earth System that includes all rocks and all u ncon solid ated rock fragments The core mantle and crust make up the solid Earth The stable atmospheric layer between 10 and 15 km and 50 km above the surface temperature increases with altitude there Contains most of Earth39s ozone An entity composed ofdiverse but interrelated parts components that function as a complex whole Gases such as methane nitrous oxide and freons that are present in Earth39s atmosphere in very low concentrations


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