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American History Notes January 20 & 22

by: Ausley Beane

American History Notes January 20 & 22 AMH2010-0002

Marketplace > Florida State University > History > AMH2010-0002 > American History Notes January 20 22
Ausley Beane
The History of the United States to 1877
Tarah Luke

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About this Document

These notes cover the third week of class (January 20 & 22). The underlined words are key concepts that are important to the class.
The History of the United States to 1877
Tarah Luke
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ausley Beane on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH2010-0002 at Florida State University taught by Tarah Luke in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see The History of the United States to 1877 in History at Florida State University.

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Date Created: 01/25/16
American History January 20 2016 Francisco Pizarro Asked for ransom on and once they got the ransom they killed the guy 1539 Hernando de Soto Looking for gold Goes around Florida Finds more people like Taino Indians 1540 Francisco Vasquez de Coronado and his expeditions American southwest Looking for something mythical Dies in Kansas in 1542 Not many know about wealth Spanish has found Spanish king and queen get 15 the royal fifth Encomienda allows the Spanish town owner encomendero the right to rule over the Indians and everything else in that area in theory the encomendero is supposed to feed clothe house and give the Indian population Christianity and in return the Indians would give to the encomendero tribute gold silver food products peacock feathers spices and labor Indians are converting to Christianity but are also worshipping their pagan gods on the side would subject them to chronic ovenNork mistreatment Spanish realize that the treasure in the new world is not gold and silver it is the Indians because they are a source of labor grants them the right to say when and how long they have to work not universally supported They just thought they were working them too hard they didn t think working them was wrong Missionaries believed they were too brutal if you re too brutal they aren t going to want to convert at all Royal officials 39339 Took note of missionaries protests 39339 Realized the encomendero had too much power Spanish introduced Repartimiento limited number of hours Indians work instead of working them 365 days you can only work 45 days a year the encomendero doesn t really care what the royals have to say because the royals are over the ocean as old encomendero die off Repartimiento begins to take place why were the Spanish able to make the Indians work Spanish had weapons Mining 1540s Effects of Spanish conquests of north America and south America brings diseases Less than 100 years population of Native Americans drops 90 J Indian labor declines As more die they have to bring in new sources of labor 339 36000 Africans thought the best way to protect their land is to establish settlements 1565 St Augustine 1600population of 500 people 1598 settlements in New Mexico southern United States American History January 22 2016 protestant reformation Martin Luther Catholic Church 95 theses 30 claimed catholic church is fake 30 thought priests were unnecessary to get to heaven 30 thought service was all in Latin 30 became foundation for protestant reformation 30 God intended believers to seek repentance and that faith alone and not deeds would lead to salvation v distributed throughout Germany and then made their way to Rome 3 Bible in Latin v Catholic church is too involved in second hand matters I think like people and other countries Pope Francis Had his own army 3 Why Luther bought everything to light there are pro Luther and anti Luther Charles V Holy Roman Emperor Charles King of Spain anti Luther thought he was actually a Devil worshipper uses wealth to fight against protestants and to make himself holy Roman emperor because of wars has to raise taxes 5 times over lmpoverished people of Spain and bring Spain to bankruptcy Spain began to borrow NonSpanish Europeans began to get ideas about going to the new world The Southern Colonies northwest passage Obsession in 16th century 1524 France sends Giovanni de Verrazano 0 v North Carolina to Canada no passage J 1535 and 1541 France sends Jacques Cartier England tries next 1576 Martin Frobisher tries England 30 sent by company cafe company that wanted east indies trade 3 looking for northwest passage or Mexico or Peru 30 goes to Northern Canada where he thinks he finds gold and they take it back and its all fools gold 30 cafe company collapses decides to focus on colonies farther north than Mexico but south of Canada American south England begins to send colonists 1585 and 1587 Sir Walter Raleigh finds Roanoke 1587 sails back and returns with 100 people to live in colony leaves in under control with john white heleaves White leaves 1587 to get more supplies from England because they didn t bring enough supplies Comes back in 1590 and the colony is gone Despite disappearance of Roanoke colony they still think England would be a good country to expand to the America s its not their land still The Virginia Company of London knights merchants gentlemen s lords joint stock company a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders used to help strengthen England England had a bad problem of idlers people withoutjobs Because of enclosures 3 16th century wool market because a big deal 3 figured if they closed of land and kept their sheep s together they wouldn t get mingled with other people s sheep and would sell their wool for huge prices 30 problem with enclosures it used to be farm land so everyone who didn t have jobs were farmers and they lost theirjobs the Virginia company will give everyone jobs in Virginia They also said England can sell its wool to the colonist in America so it s a new market 17th century 6 million acres of land king of England People are hearing that Virginia is like a paradise had great soil pick up gold and silver off the ground food on trees etc 1607 First English colony established Jamestown only men 140 lndians attack English start to realize Virginia might not be exactly like described build fort from Indians and rightful owners of land the Spanish cant explore because Indians know land to well and attack able to repel them because of guns and cannons peace is made we wont fight you if you don t shoot your cannons at us Colonists in Jamestown begin to starve to death 13 of them die quickly 3 no farmers carpenters 3 arguing among themselves 30 brought with them jewelers artisans gold workers


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